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Cerebral longitudinal fissure
Surfaces, borders and poles
Surfaces 1- supralateral 2- medial 3- inferior (tentorial and orbital)
inferior(orbital and tentorial) surface
borders 1-supramedial 2- medioinferior (medial occipital, medial orbital) 3- inferolateral
Medial occipital Medial orbital
poles 1- Frontal 2- Occipital 3- Temporal
Cerebral structure 1- Cortex or pallium 2- Basal ganglia/nuclei 3- Medullary center 4- lateral ventricle
Division of cortex based on phylogenetic aspect 1- Archicortex 2- Paleocortex 3- Neocortex
Gyri and sulci
Limiting Sulci 1- Central sulcus شیار مرکزی 2- Lateral sulcus شیار کناری 3- Parito- occipital sulcus شیار آهیانه پس سری 4- Calcarin sulcus شیار مهمیزی 5- Cingulate sulcus شیار کمربندی
Central or Rolando sulcus Lateral sulcus Central sulcus
Lateral or sylvius sulcus stem
Post ramus Ascending ramus Ant ramus
Cingulate sulcus Parito- occipital sulcus Calcarin sulcus
Medial frontal gyrus Frontal lobe
Medial frontal gyrus
Sulci of frontal lobe
Medial frontal gyrus
Occipital lobe Lateral occipital sulcus
Medial surface of hemisphere
cingulate gyrus Paraolfactory gyrus
Topography of the Cerebral Hemispheres. Surface structures The surface of the brain has complicated folding which substantially increases the surface.
The Telencephalon SHANDONG UNIVERSITY Liu Zhiyu. General Appearance of Cerebrum The telencephalon consists of right and left cerebral hemisphere, partially.
Lobes of the Cerebral Cortex Objectives: To learn the names, locations and boundaries of six lobes of the cerebral cortex.
CEREBRUM Dr. Jamila EL Medany. Objectives At the end of the lecture, the student should be able to: List the parts of the cerebral hemisphere (cortex,
Cerebral Cortex Medical Neuroscience Dr. Wiegand.
1. Which color represents the frontal lobe?. 2. Which color represents the occipital lobe?
1 Medical Science University of Isfahan, Department of Anatomy1390.
The Telencephalon Xiaoming Zhang. The Telencephalon External features: 2 Cerebral hemispheres (separated by longitudinal cerebral fissure) Transverse.
Sulci (sulcus) – grooves on surface of cerebrum. 1) Sensory areas 2) Association areas 3) Motor areas Three kinds of cerebral functional area: Gyri.
BY PROF. SAEED ABUEL MAKAREM. White matter of Cerebrum Each cerebral hemisphere consists of: Each cerebral hemisphere consists of: 1- Cerebral cortex:
Joel Havemann (from A Life Shaken, 2002) What seems astonishing is that a mere three-pound object, made of the same atoms that constitute everything else.
Practical Neuroanatomy CEREBRUM. External features of the cerebrum Surfaces: - Superolateral - Medial - Inferior ( orbital & tentorial ) Borders: -
Diencephalon: position & division (5parts) It lies between cerebrum & midbrain. The narrow space between the left & right diencephalons is the 3 rd ventricle.
Brain Internal Structure Dr. Nimir Dr. Safaa Objectives Describe the types of fibers in the internal capsule. Identify the basal ganglia nuclei. Identify.
The Brain By the end of the lesson you should be able to Describe the structure and function of the brain State the function and location of cerebrum,
By Prof. Saeed Abuel Makarem Saeed Abuel Makarem.
Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Central Nervous System (CNS) CNS = Brain + spinal cord Surface anatomy includes.
BIO 210 Chapter 13 Supplement 3 The Central Nervous System PowerPoint by John McGill Supplemental Notes by Beth Wyatt.
Christine Brown Keri Light Bonnie McCormick Laura Williams.
Brain & Cranial Nerves By Michael J. Harman . Cerebrum.
Central Nervous System (CNS) CNS –brain –spinal cord.
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BRAIN. Meninges Cerebrospinal Fluid Function Location Choroid plexus – Circulation.
Done by: Ahmed Abduljabbar. Objectives Students will be able to describe the general structure of the Cerebrum and Cerebral Cortex. Students will.
Lecture 5: The Brain. Nervous System (neurons) CNS n Central Nervous System Brain + Spinal cord PNS n Peripheral Nervous System (All nerves that reach.
Click to Play! Neuro Quiz Michael McKeough 2008 The Central Nervous System Identify the correct question.
(cerebral peduncles). vertebral arteries Anterior spinal artery Posterior inferior cerebellar artery Basilar Artery Labyrinthine artery Anterior.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Amygdaloid body- Basal nucleus that acts as an interface between the limbic system,
NEUROANATOMY Lecture : 2 The Cerebrum (The Cerebral Hemispheres) Prepared and presented by: Dr. Iyad Mousa Hussein, MD, Ph.D in Neurology Head of Neurology.
Parts of the Brain Dr Ajith Sominanda Department of Anatomy.
Gross Structure of the Brain Won Taek Lee, M.D., Ph.D. Deptartment of Anatomy Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine Won Taek Lee, M.D., Ph.D. Deptartment of.
CEREBRAL TRACTS. Categories of Tracts Association: Association: Confined to a given hemisphere. Connect regions of the same hemisphere. Commissural: Commissural:
Central nervous system (CNS) Brain + Spinal Cord Forebrain –telencephalon cortex, basal ganglia –diencephalon thalamus, hypothalamus Midbrain tectum, tegmentum.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Central Nervous System (CNS) CNS consists of brain and spinal cord Cephalization –Evolutionary development of rostral (anterior)
Sheep Brain Dissection By: Ryan Begun and Nick Palladino and Mr. Davis.
The Brain By: Bianca Aguayo Melissa Aguayo Brenda Buenrostro.
Chapter 4 Anatomy of the Nervous System. Structure of the Vertebrate Nervous System Terms used to describe location when referring to the nervous system.
Lecture: 2 Cerebral Hemispheres Dr. Eyad M. Hussein Ph.D of Neurology Consultant in Neurology Department, Nasser Hospital, Assistant Professor, Faculty.
From Gray’s Anatomy (the book!) Cortical gyri and sulci.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology SIXTH EDITION Frederic H. Martini PowerPoint.
Basic Pattern of the Central Nervous System Spinal Cord – ______________________________ surrounded by a _ – Gray matter is surrounded by _ myelinated.
Gross Brain Overview: Part II Basic Neuroscience James H. Baños, Ph.D.
Head and Neck Dr. SREEKANTH THOTA DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture.
Central Nervous System (CNS) CNS – composed of the brain and spinal cord CNS – composed of the brain and spinal cord Cephalization Cephalization Elaboration.
Announcements Pegasus server access Books on reserve Thebrainmcgill website Jan 17, 19 and 24, minutes of class end, brain models will be available.
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