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© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Clicker Slides C H A P T E R The Nervous System 8.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Clicker Slides C H A P T E R The Nervous System 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Clicker Slides C H A P T E R The Nervous System 8

2 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which part of the nervous system is responsible for skeletal muscle control? a)autonomic b)afferent c)somatic d)sympathetic

3 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which part of the nervous system is responsible for skeletal muscle control? a)autonomic b)afferent c)somatic d)sympathetic

4 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Changes in membrane potential that cannot spread far from the site of stimulation, thus affecting a limited portion of the plasma membrane, are called a)thresholds. b)action potentials. c)hyperpolarizations. d)graded potentials.

5 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Changes in membrane potential that cannot spread far from the site of stimulation, thus affecting a limited portion of the plasma membrane, are called a)thresholds. b)action potentials. c)hyperpolarizations. d)graded potentials.

6 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following occurs along unmyelinated axons at a speed of about one meter per second? a)nodal propagation b)continuous propagation c)hillock-centered propagation d)saltatory propagation

7 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following occurs along unmyelinated axons at a speed of about one meter per second? a)nodal propagation b)continuous propagation c)hillock-centered propagation d)saltatory propagation

8 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following correctly describes an axon terminal? a)axon hillock of a presynaptic neuron b)knob-like ending of a postsynaptic neuron c)proximal dendritic spine of a motor neuron d)knob-like ending of a presynaptic neuron

9 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following correctly describes an axon terminal? a)axon hillock of a presynaptic neuron b)knob-like ending of a postsynaptic neuron c)proximal dendritic spine of a motor neuron d)knob-like ending of a presynaptic neuron

10 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The second meningeal layer is known as a)pia mater. b)dura mater. c)subdural space. d)arachnoid.

11 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The second meningeal layer is known as a)pia mater. b)dura mater. c)subdural space. d)arachnoid.

12 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure consists of a network of permeable capillaries covered by ependymal cells, and secretes cerebrospinal fluid in each of the four brain ventricles? a)hypothalamus b)epithalamus c)choroid plexus d)reticular system

13 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure consists of a network of permeable capillaries covered by ependymal cells, and secretes cerebrospinal fluid in each of the four brain ventricles? a)hypothalamus b)epithalamus c)choroid plexus d)reticular system

14 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The primary sensory cortex is found on the surface of the a)precentral gyrus. b)postcentral gyrus. c)temporal lobe. d)hippocampus.

15 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The primary sensory cortex is found on the surface of the a)precentral gyrus. b)postcentral gyrus. c)temporal lobe. d)hippocampus.

16 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Damage to which area results in problems with estimating time relationships between events? a)prefrontal cortex b)hippocampus c)amygdala d)hypothalamus

17 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Damage to which area results in problems with estimating time relationships between events? a)prefrontal cortex b)hippocampus c)amygdala d)hypothalamus

18 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A plantar reflex is also known as a a)positive Babinski reflex. b)reciprocal inhibition. c)negative Babinski reflex. d)Babinski sign.

19 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A plantar reflex is also known as a a)positive Babinski reflex. b)reciprocal inhibition. c)negative Babinski reflex. d)Babinski sign.

20 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The activities of pyramidal cells in the primary motor cortex are stimulated or inhibited by output from the a)basal nuclei and cerebellum. b)reticular system. c)thalamus. d)cerebellum and hippocampus.

21 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The activities of pyramidal cells in the primary motor cortex are stimulated or inhibited by output from the a)basal nuclei and cerebellum. b)reticular system. c)thalamus. d)cerebellum and hippocampus.

22 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following indicates increased activity of the parasympathetic nervous system? a)pupil constriction b)decreased heart rate c)bronchoconstriction d)All of the answers are correct.

23 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following indicates increased activity of the parasympathetic nervous system? a)pupil constriction b)decreased heart rate c)bronchoconstriction d)All of the answers are correct.

24 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released by which of the following? a)hypothalamus b)adrenal medulla c)pituitary gland d)adrenal cortex

25 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Norepinephrine and epinephrine are released by which of the following? a)hypothalamus b)adrenal medulla c)pituitary gland d)adrenal cortex

26 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is true regarding the effects of parasympathetic stimulation? a)They are more localized and less specific than sympathetic effects. b)They are less localized and less specific than sympathetic effects. c)They are less localized and more specific than sympathetic effects. d)They are more localized and more specific than sympathetic effects.

27 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following is true regarding the effects of parasympathetic stimulation? a)They are more localized and less specific than sympathetic effects. b)They are less localized and less specific than sympathetic effects. c)They are less localized and more specific than sympathetic effects. d)They are more localized and more specific than sympathetic effects.

28 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A middle-aged patient reports it has recently become extremely difficult for him to initiate voluntary muscle movements. This symptom is characteristic of a)Alzheimer's disease. b)amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. c)multiple sclerosis. d)Parkinson's disease.

29 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A middle-aged patient reports it has recently become extremely difficult for him to initiate voluntary muscle movements. This symptom is characteristic of a)Alzheimer's disease. b)amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. c)multiple sclerosis. d)Parkinson's disease.

30 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure acts as a filter, transmitting to the primary sensory cortex only a small portion of the arriving sensory information? a)hypothalamus b)thalamus c)hippocampus d)cerebellum

31 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure acts as a filter, transmitting to the primary sensory cortex only a small portion of the arriving sensory information? a)hypothalamus b)thalamus c)hippocampus d)cerebellum

32 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. sending signals to muscles a) efferent b)Afferent c)Central d)decending 10

33 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Central nervous system is made of a)Brain and spinal cord b)Smooth muscles c)Cardiac muscles d)All of the above 10

34 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The PNS that brings info to the CNS a)motor division. b)afferent division. c)efferent division. d)autonomic division. e)somatic division. 10

35 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All of the nervous tissue outside of the central nervous system comprises the ________ nervous system. a)somatic b)autonomic c)sympathetic d)central e)peripheral f) none of the above 10

36 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The ________ division of the nervous system brings sensory information to the central nervous system. a)afferent b)descending c)efferent d)motor e)spinal 10

37 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The ________ nervous system provides involuntary regulation of smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glandular activity. a)central b)autonomic c)somatic d)collateral e)ganglionic f) none of the above 10

38 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Nodes of Ranvier b)Axon hillock c)Nucleus d)Neurilemma 10

39 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The astrocytes major function is to a) break down bacteria b)Produce myelin c)Maintaining the blood-brain barrier d)Produce CSF 10

40 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The branching structures of neurons that receive and send signals towards the cell body a)axons. b)Nissl bodies. c)synapses. d)dendrites. e) neurofibrils 10

41 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body 10

42 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Satellite cells main function in the PNS a)break down bacteria b)Produce myelin c)Maintaining the blood- brain barrier d)Produce CSF e) none of the above 10

43 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Tiny cells that are phagocytic a)astrocytes. b)Schwann cells. c)oligodendrocytes. d)microglia. e)ependymal cells. 10

44 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Clusters of rough endoplasmic reticulum and free ribosomes are known as a)neurofilaments. b)neurofibrils. c)synapses. d)Nissl bodies. e)microglia. f) none of the above 10

45 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The automatic processing center responsible for programming and fine-tuning movements controlled at the conscious and subconscious levels is the a)cerebrum. b)midbrain. c)cerebellum. d)pons. e)medulla. 10

46 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The area anterior (front) to the central sulcus is the a)parietal lobe. b)temporal lobe. c)frontal lobe. d)occipital lobe. e)postcentral gyrus. 10

47 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The area inferior (below) to the lateral sulcus is the a)parietal lobe. b)temporal lobe. c)frontal lobe. d)occipital lobe. e)cerebellar lobe. 10

48 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which structure contains the cardiovascular and respiratory rhythmicity reflex centers? a)inferior colliculus b)superior colliculus c)pons d)cerebellum e)medulla oblongata 10

49 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The ________ acts as a switching and relay center for integration of conscious and unconscious sensory information and motor commands. It consists of the epithalamiums, thalamus, and hypothalamus. a)cerebellum b)midbrain c)diencephalon d)pons e)medulla 10

50 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. State of Wakefulness or reticular formations is in the a)medulla oblongata. b)pons. c)midbrain. d)diencephalon. e)cerebellum. 10

51 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The primary sensory cortex is located on a)frontal lobe. b)parietal lobe. c)temporal lobe. d)occipital lobe. e)cerebellum. 10

52 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

53 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. If you lose the ability to speak you might have damaged a) Broca’s b)Wernicke's c)Midbrain d)Cerebellum e)pons 10

54 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body 10

55 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Location of the nucleus a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body e)Axon 10

56 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Nucleus d)Neurilemma 10

57 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Generally conducts impulses away from the cell body a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Axon e)Nodes of Ranvier 10

58 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

59 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Hemisphere that tends to be involved in language skills, analytical tasks, and logic a)Wernicke’s Area (General Interpretive Area) b)Broca’s Area (Speech Center) c)Left Hemisphere d)Right Hemisphere 10

60 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Increases the speed of impulse transmission a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Axon e)Nodes of Ranvier 10

61 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Conducts local electrical currents toward the cell body. a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body e)Axon 10

62 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The primary motor cortex of the cerebrum is located in the ________. a)cerebellum b)precentral gyrus (frontal lobe) c)pons d)lateral sulcus e)postcentral gyrus (parietal lobe) 10

63 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A higher ordered center that regulates breathing and vocalization, the motor skills needed for speaking. a)Central Sulcus b)Frontal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Wernicke’s Area (General Interpretive Area) e)Broca’s Area (Speech Center) 10

64 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

65 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Consists of the precentral gyrus which contains the primary motor cortex which is monitored by the somatic motor association area responsible for coordinating movement. a)Central Sulcus b)Frontal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Parietal Lobe e)Occipital Lobe 10

66 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

67 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Consists of the postcentral gyrus which contains the primary sensory cortex monitored by the somatic sensory association area which helps to recognize touch. a)Central Sulcus b)Frontal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Parietal Lobe e)Occipital Lobe 10

68 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Gaps in a myelin sheath a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body e)Axon f)Nodes of Ranvier 10

69 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

70 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. What separates the two hemispheres a)longitudinal fissure. b)postcentral gyrus. c)precentral gyrus. d)frontal lobe. e)postcentral sulcus. 10

71 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body e)Axon 10

72 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

73 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Divides the motor and sensory areas of the cortex. a)Central Sulcus b)Frontal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Parietal Lobe 10

74 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Nodes of Ranvier e)Nucleus f)Neurilemma 10

75 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Clustered ribosomes and rough ER a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body e)Axon f)Nissl bodies g)Nodes of Ranvier 10

76 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

77 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Hemisphere that tends to be involved in analyzing sensory input and relating it to the body, as well as analyzing emotional content. a)Wernicke’s Area (General Interpretive Area) b)Broca’s Area (Speech Center) c)Left Hemisphere d)Right Hemisphere 10

78 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Which of the following performs such abstract intellectual function as predicting the future consequences of events or actions, or feelings such as tension, anxiety, or frustration? a)pons b)basal ganglia c)hippocampus d)thalamus e)prefrontal cortex 10

79 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Axon terminal b)Nodes of Ranvier c)Axon hillock d)Nucleus e)Neurilemma 10

80 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. What is the largest part of the diencephalon a) cerebellum b)Midbrain c)Epithalamus d)Thalmus e)hypothalamus 10

81 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

82 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Releases neurotransmitters a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body e)Axon 10

83 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Schwann Cell b)Nodes of Ranvier c)Axon hillock d)Nucleus e)Neurilemma 10

84 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

85 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. The visual cortex can be found a)frontal lobe. b)parietal lobe. c)temporal lobe. d)occipital lobe. e)cerebellum. 10

86 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Contains the visual cortex. a)Central Sulcus b)Frontal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Parietal Lobe e)Occipital Lobe 10

87 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Contains the gustatory, auditory, and olfactory cortexes. a)Central Sulcus b)Frontal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Parietal Lobe e)Occipital Lobe 10

88 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

89 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Axon terminal b)Dendrite c)Myelin sheath d)Cell body e)Axon 10

90 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Coordinates information from the entire cortex, including skills such as predicting time lines and making judgments. It also includes feelings such as frustration, anxiety, and tension. a)Frontal Lobe b)Temporal Lobe c)Parietal Lobe d)Occipital Lobe e)Prefontal Cortex 10

91 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. A higher ordered center that integrates sensory information to form visual and auditory memory. a)Prefontal Cortex b)Wernicke’s Area (General Interpretive Area) c)Broca’s Area (Speech Center) d)Left Hemisphere e)Right Hemisphere 10

92 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

93 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Schwann Cell b)Nodes of Ranvier c)Axon hillock d)Nucleus e)Neurilemma 10

94 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Neurons that have two or more dendrites and a single axon extending away from the soma are called a)polypolar. b)unipolar. c)bipolar. d)tripolar. e)multipolar. f) nonepolar 10

95 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. ID a)Frontal Lobe b)Parietal Lobe c)Temporal Lobe d)Precentral Gyrus e)Parieto-occipital fissure f)Post central Gyrus g)Lateral Sulcus h)Central Sulcus i)Cerebellum j)Medulla k)Occipital Lobe l)Pons 10

96 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. a) 10


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