Presentation on theme: "Prostate Gland, Seminal vesicle & Ejaculatory Ducts Dr. Sama-ul-Haque Dr. Sama-ul-Haque."— Presentation transcript:
Prostate Gland, Seminal vesicle & Ejaculatory Ducts Dr. Sama-ul-Haque Dr. Sama-ul-Haque
Objectives Discuss the site, size and relation of prostate. Describe the fasciae covering and related to the prostate (true and false capsules). Describe its anatomical and surgical lobes. Discuss its blood, nerve supply and lymphatic drainage. Compare between the site of enlargement of the prostate in senile prostatic hyperplasia and cancer prostate.
Objectives Define the seminal vesicle. Discuss its site, relation, blood and nerve supply. Discuss its lymphatic drainage. Define the ejaculatory duct. Describe its site, beginning and termination.
Prostate Gland Fibromuscular glandular organ Glandular part : 2/3 rd Fibromuscular part: 1/3 rd Site: Lies between the neck of the urinary bladder above and the urogenital diaphragm below Size: 1.25 inches (3 cm)
Prostate Gland Relations: Superiorly: Neck of the urinary bladder Urethra enters the center of the base of the prostate Inferiorly: Urogenital Diaphragm Urethra leaves prostate just above its apex on the anterior surface
Capsule of the Prostate Gland True capsule: Prostate is surrounded by a fibrous capsule which contains prostatic plexuses of nerves and veins False capsule: Visceral layer of pelvic fascia forms a fibrous prostatic sheath outside the true capsule
Anatomical lobes of Prostate Gland 1.Anterior lobe Lies in front of urethra Muscular Devoid of glandular tissue 2.Median or Middle lobe Lies between urethra and the ejaculatory ducts Glandular
Anatomical lobes of Prostate Gland 3.Posterior lobe Lies behind urethra and below ejaculatory ducts Glandular 4.Right lateral lobe Lies on the side of the urethra Glandular 5.Left lateral lobe Lies on the side of the urethra Glandular
Blood supply of Prostate Gland Arterial supply: Branches of Internal Iliac artery Branches from inferior vesical artery Branches from middle rectal artery Branches from Internal pudendal artery Venous drainage Veins form prostatic plexus Drain into internal iliac vein
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) Occurs in middle age Median or Middle lobe is involved Projects into urinary bladder Obstructs prostatic urethra and internal urethral orifice
Prostatic Cancer Occurs in old age (after 55 years usually) Posterior and lateral lobes are involved Palpated during PR examination Can spread to iliac and sacral lymph nodes and can spread to vertebral column and brain through venous channels
Seminal vesicles Lobulated organ 2 inches (5 cm) long Lies on the posterior surface of the urinary bladder Seminal vesicle joins the vas deferens to form ejaculatory ducts on each side
Ejaculatory ducts Less then 1 inches (2.5 cm) long Formed by the union of duct of seminal vesicle and vas deferens Pierce posterior surface of the prostate Opens into the prostatic part of the urethra