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Chapter 14 – The Brain and Cranial Nerves $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Out of OrderDisorder Brain “Storm” f (x) Scrambled.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 – The Brain and Cranial Nerves $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Out of OrderDisorder Brain “Storm” f (x) Scrambled."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 14 – The Brain and Cranial Nerves $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Out of OrderDisorder Brain “Storm” f (x) Scrambled Brains FINAL ROUND

2 Out of Order: $100 Question How would decreased diffusion cross the arachnoid granulations affect the volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles? a. Volume would increase. b. Volume would decrease. c. Volume would remain the same. d. Volume would fluctuate erratically. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

3 Out of Order: $100 Answer How would decreased diffusion across the arachnoid granulations affect the volume of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles? a. Volume would increase. b. Volume would decrease. c. Volume would remain the same. d. Volume would fluctuate erratically. BACK TO GAME

4 Out of Order: $200 Question Damage to the lateral geniculate nuclei of the thalamus would interfere with the functions of which of the senses? a. Taste b. Sight c. Touch d. Smell BACK TO GAME ANSWER

5 Out of Order: $200 Answer Damage to the lateral geniculate nuclei of the thalamus would interfere with the functions of which of the senses? a. Taste b. Sight c. Touch d. Smell BACK TO GAME

6 Out of Order: $300 Question Why can damage to the medulla oblongata cause death? a. It contains cardiac, vasomotor, and respiratory centers. b. It controls the ANS. c. It contains tracts that process information to and from the cerebellum. d. It contains the headquarters for the reticular activating system. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

7 Out of Order: $300 Answer Why can damage to the medulla oblongata cause death? a. It contains cardiac, vasomotor, and respiratory centers. b. It controls the ANS. c. It contains tracts that process information to and from the cerebellum. d. It contains the headquarters for the reticular activating system. BACK TO GAME

8 Out of Order: $400 Question After suffering a stroke, a patient is unable to speak, but can understand what is said to him and can understand written messages. Which part of his brain has been affected by the stroke? a. Wernike’s area in the parietal lobe b. General interpretive area of the temporal lobe c. Primary visual cortex in the occipital lobe d. Broca’s area in the frontal lobe BACK TO GAME ANSWER

9 Out of Order: $400 Answer After suffering a stroke, a patient is unable to speak, but can understand what is said to him and can understand written messages. Which part of his brain has been affected by the stroke? a. Wernike’s area in the parietal lobe b. General interpretive area of the temporal lobe c. Primary visual cortex in the occipital lobe d. Broca’s area in the frontal lobe BACK TO GAME

10 Out of Order: $500 Question What symptoms would you expect to observe in an individual who has damage to the basal nuclei? a. Mental slowness and inability to perceive meaning form written symbols b. Conscious perception of touch and erratic muscle contractions c. Epileptic seizures d. Difficulty starting voluntary movements and decreased muscle tone BACK TO GAME ANSWER

11 Out of Order: $500 Answer What symptoms would you expect to observe in an individual who has damage to the basal nuclei? a. Mental slowness and inability to perceive meaning form written symbols b. Conscious perception of touch and erratic muscle contractions c. Epileptic seizures d. Difficulty starting voluntary movements and decreased muscle tone BACK TO GAME

12 Disorder: $100 Question Damage to the amygdaloid body would interfere with regulation of what division of the autonomic nervous system? a. Peripheral b. Somatic c. Sympathetic d. Parasympathetic BACK TO GAME ANSWER

13 Disorder: $100 Answer Damage to the amygdaloid body would interfere with regulation of what division of the autonomic nervous system? a. Peripheral b. Somatic c. Sympathetic d. Parasympathetic BACK TO GAME

14 Disorder: $200 Question What are potential consequences of blockage of an interventricular foramen? a. Hugely expanded skulls in infants b. Brainstem stroke c. Damage to and distortion of brain in adults d. A and C are correct BACK TO GAME ANSWER

15 Disorder: $200 Answer What are potential consequences of blockage of an interventricular foramen? a. Hugely expanded skulls in infants b. Brainstem stroke c. Damage to and distortion of brain in adults d. A and C are correct BACK TO GAME

16 Disorder: $300 Question Conscious perception of which senses would be affected by damage to the temporal lobes of the cerebrum? a. Olfactory and gustatory b. Olfactory and auditory c. Visual and auditory d. Auditory and gustatory BACK TO GAME ANSWER

17 Disorder: $300 Answer Conscious perception of which senses would be affected by damage to the temporal lobes of the cerebrum? a. Olfactory and gustatory b. Olfactory and auditory c. Visual and auditory d. Auditory and gustatory BACK TO GAME

18 Disorder: $400 Question Paul is having a difficult time remembering facts and recalling long-term memories. Which part of his cerebrum is involved? a. Temporal lobe b. Parietal lobe c. Frontal lobe d. Occipital lobe BACK TO GAME ANSWER

19 Disorder: $400 Answer Paul is having a difficult time remembering facts and recalling long-term memories. Which part of his cerebrum is involved? a. Temporal lobe b. Parietal lobe c. Frontal lobe d. Occipital lobe BACK TO GAME

20 Disorder: $500 Question A patient suffers a head injury that damages her primary motor cortex. Where is the primary motor cortex and what functions will be lost due to the injury? a. Parieto-occipital sulcus / control over involuntary movements b. Postcentral gyrus / voluntary movements controlled by the specific regions damaged c. Precentral gyrus / voluntary movements controlled by the specific regions damaged d. Insula / ability to categorize items BACK TO GAME ANSWER

21 Disorder: $500 Answer A patient suffers a head injury that damages her primary motor cortex. Where is the primary motor cortex and what functions will be lost due to the injury? a. Parieto-occipital sulcus / control over involuntary movements b. Postcentral gyrus / voluntary movements controlled by the specific regions damaged c. Precentral gyrus / voluntary movements controlled by the specific regions damaged d. Insula / ability to categorize items BACK TO GAME

22 Brain “Storm”: $100 Question What brain regions make up the brain stem? a. The hypothalamus, the thalamus, and the pons b. The diencephalon and the mesencephalon c. The mesencephalon, the pons, and the medulla oblongata d. The pons, the cerebellum, and the medulla oblongata BACK TO GAME ANSWER

23 Brain “Storm”: $100 Answer What brain regions make up the brain stem? a. The hypothalamus, the thalamus, and the pons b. The diencephalon and the mesencephalon c. The mesencephalon, the pons, and the medulla oblongata d. The pons, the cerebellum, and the medulla oblongata BACK TO GAME

24 Brain “Storm”: $200 Question Reflex movements of the eyes, head, and neck are controlled by which area of the mesencephalon? a. Substantia nigra b. Red nucleus c. Inferior colliculi d. Superior colliculi BACK TO GAME ANSWER

25 Brain “Storm”: $200 Answer Reflex movements of the eyes, head, and neck are controlled by which area of the mesencephalon? a. Substantia nigra b. Red nucleus c. Inferior colliculi d. Superior colliculi BACK TO GAME

26 Brain “Storm”: $300 Question Which cranial nerve nuclei are located in the pons? a. VII, IX, and X b. III, IV, and VI c. V, VI, VII, and VIII d. IX, X, XI, and XII BACK TO GAME ANSWER

27 Brain “Storm”: $300 Answer Which cranial nerve nuclei are located in the pons? a. VII, IX, and X b. III, IV, and VI c. V, VI, VII, and VIII d. IX, X, XI, and XII BACK TO GAME

28 Brain “Storm”: $400 Question Which of the cerebellar peduncles allows communication between the cerebellum and pons? a. Transverse cerebellar peduncles b. Middle cerebellar peduncles c. Inferior cerebellar peduncles d. Superior cerebellar peduncles BACK TO GAME ANSWER

29 Brain “Storm”: $400 Answer Which of the cerebellar peduncles allows communication between the cerebellum and pons? a. Transverse cerebellar peduncles b. Middle cerebellar peduncles c. Inferior cerebellar peduncles d. Superior cerebellar peduncles BACK TO GAME

30 Brain “Storm”: $500 Question Which nuclei in the medulla oblongata are responsible for relaying somatic sensory information to the thalamus? a. Nuclei of superior and inferior colliculi b. Nuclei of cranial nerves VIII – XII c. The nucleus gracilis and the nucleus cuneatus d. The solitary nucleus and olivary nucleus BACK TO GAME ANSWER

31 Brain “Storm”: $500 Answer Which nuclei in the medulla oblongata are responsible for relaying somatic sensory information to the thalamus? a. Nuclei of superior and inferior colliculi b. Nuclei of cranial nerves VIII – XII c. The nucleus gracilis and the nucleus cuneatus d. The solitary nucleus and olivary nucleus BACK TO GAME

32 f (x): $100 Question Many water-soluble molecules that are relatively abundant in the blood occur in small amounts or not at all in the extracellular fluid in the brain. Why? a. Blood pressure increases in brain capillaries. b. Blood-brain barrier restricts ion movement. c. Neurons take up most ions. d. Neuroglia remove ions from CSF. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

33 f (x): $100 Answer Many water-soluble molecules that are relatively abundant in the blood occur in small amounts or not at all in the extracellular fluid in the brain. Why? a. Blood pressure increases in brain capillaries. b. Blood-brain barrier restricts ion movement. c. Neurons take up most ions. d. Neuroglia remove ions from CSF. BACK TO GAME

34 f (x): $200 Question What is the primary function of the cerebellum? a. Controls reflexive movements of the eyes in response to visual stimuli b. Provides awareness of emotional states c. Coordination between voluntary and autonomic functions d. Coordinates rapid, automatic adjustments that maintain balance and equilibrium BACK TO GAME ANSWER

35 f (x): $200 Answer What is the primary function of the cerebellum? a. Controls reflexive movements of the eyes in response to visual stimuli b. Provides awareness of emotional states c. Coordination between voluntary and autonomic functions d. Coordinates rapid, automatic adjustments that maintain balance and equilibrium BACK TO GAME

36 f (x): $300 Question Which of these is NOT usually a characteristic function associated with the left cerebral hemispheres? a. Performing mathematical calculations b. Analyzing emotional context of a conversation c. Containing the general interpretive and speech centers d. Processing associated with reading, writing, and speaking BACK TO GAME ANSWER

37 f (x): $300 Answer Which of these is NOT usually a characteristic function associated with the left cerebral hemispheres? a. Performing mathematical calculations b. Analyzing emotional context of a conversation c. Containing the general interpretive and speech centers d. Processing associated with reading, writing, and speaking BACK TO GAME

38 f (x): $400 Question Which of the following is NOT a function of the limbic system? a. Establishing emotional states b. Linking the conscious, intellectual function of the cerebral cortex with unconscious autonomic functions of the brain stem c. Facilitating memory storage and retrieval d. Directing somatic motor patterns associated with rage, pleasure, and pain BACK TO GAME ANSWER

39 f (x): $400 Answer Which of the following is NOT a function of the limbic system? a. Establishing emotional states b. Linking the conscious, intellectual function of the cerebral cortex with unconscious autonomic functions of the brain stem c. Facilitating memory storage and retrieval d. Directing somatic motor patterns associated with rage, pleasure, and pain BACK TO GAME

40 f (x): $500 Question A patient who is hooked up to an EEG shows primarily beta waves. What are they doing? a. They are in deep sleep or have a brain disorder. b. They are in the early stages of sleep. c. They are concentrating on a specific task. d. They are extremely frustrated. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

41 f (x): $500 Answer A patient who is hooked up to an EEG shows primarily beta waves. What are they doing? a. They are in deep sleep or have a brain disorder. b. They are in the early stages of sleep. c. They are concentrating on a specific task. d. They are extremely frustrated. BACK TO GAME

42 Scrambled Brains: $100 Question Which primary brain vesicle is destined to form the cerebellum, pons, and medulla oblongata? a. Prosencephalon b. Rhombencephalon c. Myelencephalon d. Metencephalon BACK TO GAME ANSWER

43 Scrambled Brains: $100 Answer Which primary brain vesicle is destined to form the cerebellum, pons, and medulla oblongata? a. Prosencephalon b. Rhombencephalon c. Myelencephalon d. Metencephalon BACK TO GAME

44 Scrambled Brains: $200 Question In what way(s) is the cranial dura mater structurally distinct from the spinal dura mater? a. It is formed of two layers. b. Some portions extend into the cranial cavity as dural folds. c. It contains dural sinuses. d. All of these are differences from spinal dura mater. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

45 Scrambled Brains: $200 Answer In what way(s) is the cranial dura mater structurally distinct from the spinal dura mater? a. It is formed of two layers. b. Some portions extend into the cranial cavity as dural folds. c. It contains dural sinuses. d. All of these are differences from spinal dura mater. BACK TO GAME

46 Scrambled Brains: $300 Question Which cranial reflex is stimulated by loud noises and what is the response? a. Tympanic reflex / reduced movement of auditory ossicles b. Vestibulo-ocular reflex / opposite movement of the eyes to stabilize field of vision c. Auditory reflex / eye or head movement d. A and C are correct. BACK TO GAME ANSWER

47 Scrambled Brains: $300 Answer Which cranial reflex is stimulated by loud noises and what is the response? a. Tympanic reflex / reduced movement of auditory ossicles b. Vestibulo-ocular reflex / opposite movement of the eyes to stabilize field of vision c. Auditory reflex / eye or head movement d. A and C are correct. BACK TO GAME

48 Scrambled Brains: $400 Question Which component of the diencephalon is responsible for integration of the nervous and endocrine systems? a. Thalamus b. Pituitary gland c. Hypothalamus d. Mamillary bodies BACK TO GAME ANSWER

49 Scrambled Brains: $400 Answer Which component of the diencephalon is responsible for integration of the nervous and endocrine systems? a. Thalamus b. Pituitary gland c. Hypothalamus d. Mamillary bodies BACK TO GAME

50 Scrambled Brains: $500 Question Which area of the diencephalon would be stimulated by changes in body temperature? a. Tuberal area of the hypothalamus b. Anterior nuclei of the thalamus c. Preoptic area of the hypothalamus d. Intermediate mass of the thalamus BACK TO GAME ANSWER

51 Scrambled Brains: $500 Answer Which area of the diencephalon would be stimulated by changes in body temperature? a. Tuberal area of the hypothalamus b. Anterior nuclei of the thalamus c. Preoptic area of the hypothalamus d. Intermediate mass of the thalamus BACK TO GAME

52 FINAL ROUND Question What name is given to axons carrying information between the brain and spinal cord, and through which brain regions do they pass? a. Projection fibers; diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum b. Commissural; both cerebral hemispheres c. Association fibers; diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum d. Arcuate fibers; within a single cerebral hemisphere BACK TO GAME ANSWER

53 FINAL ROUND Answer What name is given to axons carrying information between the brain and spinal cord, and through which brain regions do they pass? a. Projection fibers; diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum b. Commissural; both cerebral hemispheres c. Association fibers; diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum d. Arcuate fibers; within a single cerebral hemisphere BACK TO GAME


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