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English 1H Vocabulary Units 13-15. 1. ad infinitum (adv.) endlessly SYN: forever, unceasingly, incessantly, ceaselessly ANT: succinctly, concisely, tersely,

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Presentation on theme: "English 1H Vocabulary Units 13-15. 1. ad infinitum (adv.) endlessly SYN: forever, unceasingly, incessantly, ceaselessly ANT: succinctly, concisely, tersely,"— Presentation transcript:

1 English 1H Vocabulary Units 13-15

2 1. ad infinitum (adv.) endlessly SYN: forever, unceasingly, incessantly, ceaselessly ANT: succinctly, concisely, tersely, briefly

3 2. apportion (v.) to divide and give out in shares SYN: distribute, allot, parcel out, allocate

4 3. bona fide (adj.) genuine; sincere SYN: authentic, indisputable, legitimate, certified ANT: false, fake, bogus, spurious, counterfeit

5 4. buoyant (adj.) able to float easily; able to hold things up; cheerful, hopeful SYN: blithe, jaunty, lighthearted, animated ANT: downcast, depressed, gloomy, morose

6 5. clique (n.) a small, exclusive group of people SYN: inner circle, coterie

7 6. concede (v.) to admit as true; to yield, submit SYN: acknowledge, grant, allow, assent ANT: contest, dispute, gainsay, challenge

8 7. congenial (adj.) getting on well with others; agreeable, pleasant SYN: friendly, sociable, amiable, compatible ANT: disagreeable, surly, cold, standoffish

9 8. lofty (adj.) very high; noble SYN: elevated, towering, exalted, grand ANT: base, petty, low, sordid, despicable

10 9. migration (n.) a movement from one country or region to another SYN: population shift, mass movement

11 10. perceive (v.) to be aware of through the senses, observe; to grasp mentally SYN: notice, discern, understated ANT: miss, overlook, be blind to

12 11. perverse (adj.) inclined to go against what is expected; stubborn; turned away from what is good and proper SYN: obstinate, contrary, mulish, wayward ANT: tractable, docile, amenable, yielding

13 12. prelude (n.) an introduction; that which comes before or leads off SYN: preface, overture, prologue, “curtain-raiser” ANT: epilogue, postlude, aftermath

14 13. rancid (adj.) stale, spoiled SYN: foul, rank, fetid, sour, rotten, putrid ANT: wholesome, fresh

15 14. rustic (adj.) country-like; simple, plain; awkward (n.) one who lives in the country SYN: (adj.) rough, unsophisticated, countrified ANT: (adj.) citified, urban, sophisticated, suave

16 15. sever (v.) to separate, divide into parts SYN: cut off, amputate, break off, dissolve ANT: join, unite, weld together

17 16. sordid (adj.) wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish SYN: filthy, squalid, base, vile, seedy, sleazy ANT: pure, noble, opulent, lavish

18 17. untenable (adj.) not capable of being held or defended; impossible to maintain SYN: indefensible, insupportable, groundless ANT: irrefutable, impregnable, incontestable

19 18. versatile (adj.) able to do many things, well; capable of many uses SYN: adaptable, handy, all- around, many- sided ANT: limited, specialized, restricted

20 19. vindicate (v.) to clear from hint or charge of wrongdoing; to defend successfully against opposition; to justify SYN: acquit, absolve, exonerate, advocate ANT: implicate, incriminate, condemn, convict

21 20. wane (v.) to lose size, strength, or power SYN: diminish, decline, subside, dwindle ANT: grow, wax, amplify, balloon, increase

22 1. annex (v.) to add to, attach; to incorporate (n.) an attachment or addition SYN: (v.) join, acquire, appropriate, procure

23 2. cleave (v.) to cut or split open; to cling to SYN: sever, halve, sunder, adhere, clasp

24 3. cordial (adj.) in a friendly manner, hearty; cheery (n.) a liqueur SYN: (adj.) hospitable, affable, warm, convivial ANT: (adj.) gruff, unfriendly, unsociable

25 4. cornerstone (n.) the starting point of a building; a fundamental principle or element SYN: foundation, base, underpinning, support

26 5. debacle (n.) an overwhelming defeat, rout; a complete collapse or failure SYN: disaster, fiasco, calamity ANT: success, triumph, victory, coup

27 6. devitalize (v.) to make weak or lifeless SYN: enfeeble, sap, enervate ANT: enliven, stimulate, energize, excite

28 7. embroil (v.) to involve in a conflict or difficulty; to throw into confusion SYN: entangle, ensnarl ANT: disentangle, separate, disconnect

29 8. exonerate (v.) to clear from a charge or accusation SYN: absolve, acquit, vindicate, exculpate ANT: implicate, incriminate, inculpate

30 9. glib (adj.) ready and fluent in speech; thoughtless, insincere SYN: superficial, pat, oily, unctuous, facile ANT: halting, tongue- tied, speechless, awkward she [Kim K.] didn’t make a dime of the wedding Whatever [political system] they have in Korea, that’s bad.

31 10. haphazard (adj.) by chance, not planned; lacking order SYN: random, accidental, slapdash ANT: deliberate, purposeful, orderly, meticulous

32 11. improvise (v.) to compose or perform without preparation; to construct from available materials SYN: ad-lib, play it by ear, wing it, extemporize ANT: plan, rehearse, practice, prepare

33 12. incite (v.) to rouse, stir up, urge on SYN: spur, kindle, provoke, instigate, prompt ANT: check, curb, impede, restrain, smother

34 13. influx (n.) a coming in, inflow SYN: inpouring, inrush, invasion ANT: outpouring, exodus, departure

35 14. pallor (n.) an extreme or unnatural paleness SYN: wanes, lividness, bloodlessness ANT: flush, blush, rosiness, bloom

36 15. pedigree (n.) a list of ancestors, family tree; the history or origins of something SYN: lineage, ancestry, genealogy

37 16. precipitous (adj.) very steep SYN: sheer, abrupt, sharp ANT: gradual, shallow, graded, incremental

38 17. profuse (adj.) very abundant; given or flowing freely SYN: extravagant, lavish, bounteous, plenteous ANT: sparse, scanty, meager, insufficient

39 18. reconcile (v.) to restore to friendship; to settle; to resign (oneself) SYN: unite, conciliate, mend fences ANT: antagonize, alienate, drive a wedge between

40 19. shackle (v.) to put into chains (n., usually pl.) a chain, fetter SYN: (v.) manacle, enslave; (n.) handcuffs, bonds, irons ANT: (v.) free, unfetter, emancipate, liberate

41 20. threadbare (adj.) shabby, old and worn SYN: frayed, seedy, ragged, shopworn, trite ANT: luxurious, plush, costly, sumptuous

42 1. abase (v.) to lower in esteem, degrade; to humble SYN: lower, humiliate, prostrate, demean ANT: elevate, ennoble, exalt

43 2. actuate (v.) to move to action; to impel SYN: trigger, incite, instigate

44 3. avert (v.) to turn aside, turn away; to prevent, avoid SYN: stop, deflect, ward off, preclude ANT: invite, induce, provoke, cause

45 4. boorish (adj.) rude, unrefined; clumsy SYN: vulgar, crude, uncouth, ill- mannered, gauche ANT: suave, urbane, polished, courtly, well- bred

46 5. brunt (n.) the main impact, force, or burden SYN: blow, shock ANT: aftershock, aftermath, repercussion

47 6. combatant (n.) a fighter (adj.) engaged in fighting SYN: (n.) soldier, disputant, warrior; (Adj.) hostile, battling ANT: (n.) civilian; (adj.) peaceful, neutral

48 7. dormant (adj.) inactive; in a state of suspension; sleeping SYN: resting, still, quiescent ANT: awake, active, lively, productive

49 8. dubious (adj.) causing uncertainty or suspicion; in a doubtful or uncertain state of mind, hesitant SYN: questionable, suspect, unsettled, undecided ANT: certain, positive, indubitable, reliable

50 9. harangue (v.) to deliver a loud, ranting speech (n.) a loud speech SYN: (v.) rant, lecture; (n.) tirade, diatribe ANT: (n.) whisper, murmur, undertone

51 10. harry (v.) to make a destructive raid on; to torment, harass SYN: badger, pester, hound, pillage, ravage

52 11. impertinent (adj.) not feeling remorse or sorrow for errors or offenses SYN: remorseless, unrepentant, incorrigible ANT: ashamed, remorseful, contrite, apologetic Let them eat cake!

53 12. knave (n.) a tricky, unprincipled, or deceitful fellow SYN: rascal, rogue, scoundrel, miscreant

54 13. legion (n.) a large military force; any large group or number (adj.) many, numerous SYN: (n.) multitude, host, throng, division, regiment ANT: (n.) squad, platoon; (adj.) few, sparse

55 14. liberality (n.) generously, generous act; breadth of mind or outlook SYN: largesse, magnanimity, broad- mindedness ANT: stinginess, miserliness, narrow- mindedness

56 15. plaintiff (n.) one who begins a lawsuit SYN: complainant, accuser ANT: defendant, accused

57 16. probe (v.) to examine, investigate thoroughly (n.) an investigation; a device used to explore or examine SYN: (v.) explore, scrutinize; (n.) inquiry, detector ANT: (v.) conceal, hide; (n.) cover-up, whitewash

58 17. protract (v.) to draw out or lengthen in space or time SYN: prolong, extend, elongate, spin out ANT: contract, compress, concentrate

59 18. quarry (v.) to cut or take from (or as if from) a quarry (n.) a place from which stone is taken; something that is hunted or pursued SYN: (n.) prey, game, victim, excavation, pit, mine ANT: (n.) hunter, predator, pursuer

60 19. spurn (v.) to refuse with scorn, disdain SYN: turn down, reject, decline, snub, repudiate ANT: accept, welcome, greet

61 20. subterfuge (n.) an excuse or trick for escaping or hiding something SYN: dodge, blind, ruse, deception, artifice

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