Presentation on theme: "PREPARED BY: DR. HEBA MOHAMED FAHMY FOR FIRST YEAR BIOPHYSICS STUDENTS Cathode ray tube ( oscilloscope)"— Presentation transcript:
PREPARED BY: DR. HEBA MOHAMED FAHMY FOR FIRST YEAR BIOPHYSICS STUDENTS Cathode ray tube ( oscilloscope)
Aim of the experiment 1.Determination of the amplitude, the periodic time and the frequency of the given waves (sine, triangle and square). 2.Sketch the given waves. Sine Square triangle
What is a cathode ray tube ? The cathode ray tube is a vacuum tube containing a gas at a pressure of 0.01 mmHg.
The electron gun (cathode): emits a beam of electrons The deflecting system: may consist of two pairs of metal plates which produce two electric fields or of two pairs of coils which produce two magnetic fields. These fields deflect the beam of electrons. Carbon emulsion: is connected to the cathode for carrying electrons back to the cathode without the accumulation of a charge on the screen.
The cathode ray oscilloscope: is a cathode ray tube having a deflecting system consisting of two pairs of metal plates (x1, x2) and (y1, y2) which produce two electric fields perpendicular to each other and at the same time perpendicular to the direction of motion of electrons.
Vertical plates (x1 and x2) are connected to the sweep voltage that produces saw tooth voltage Horizontal plates (y1 and y2) are connected to the investigated voltage
Frequency (F): It is the number of complete cycles per unit time. Periodic time (T): It is the time taken to complete one cycle of the wave. Amplitude (A): It is the maximum displacement of the wave.
Ch1 or Ch2 ????
X= ? Y= ?
Time / DivVolt / Div
Why to use the X and Y bottons ??
Type of the wave YVolt / div Vpp (volt) A= Vpp / 2 (volt) XTime / div Periodic time (sec) Frequency = 1 / Periodic time (Hz) Sine Triangle square Results