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# Cathode ray tube ( oscilloscope)

## Presentation on theme: "Cathode ray tube ( oscilloscope)"— Presentation transcript:

Cathode ray tube ( oscilloscope)
Prepared by: Dr. Heba Mohamed Fahmy For first year Biophysics students

Aim of the experiment 1. Determination of the amplitude, the periodic time and the frequency of the given waves (sine, triangle and square). 2. Sketch the given waves. Sine Square triangle

What is a cathode ray tube ?
The cathode ray tube is a vacuum tube containing a gas at a pressure of 0.01 mmHg.

The electron gun (cathode): emits a beam of electrons
The deflecting system: may consist of two pairs of metal plates which produce two electric fields or of two pairs of coils which produce two magnetic fields. These fields deflect the beam of electrons. Carbon emulsion: is connected to the cathode for carrying electrons back to the cathode without the accumulation of a charge on the screen.

The cathode ray oscilloscope:
is a cathode ray tube having a deflecting system consisting of two pairs of metal plates (x1, x2) and (y1, y2) which produce two electric fields perpendicular to each other and at the same time perpendicular to the direction of motion of electrons.

Vertical plates (x1 and x2) are connected to the sweep voltage that produces saw tooth voltage
Horizontal plates (y1 and y2) are connected to the investigated voltage

Frequency (F): It is the number of complete cycles per unit time.
Periodic time (T): It is the time taken to complete one cycle of the wave. Amplitude (A): It is the maximum displacement of the wave.

The practical part

Ch1 or Ch2 ????

X= ? Y= ?

X= ? Y= ?

X= ? Y= ?

Volt / Div Time / Div

Why to use the X and Y bottons ??

Results Type of the wave Y Volt / div Vpp (volt) A= Vpp / 2 X
Time / div Periodic time (sec) Frequency = 1 / Periodic time (Hz) Sine Triangle square

Any questions ?

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