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CIT Force Options. This course is designed as an Advanced CIT Class and suggested for those who have attended the 40 hour CIT training. This 8 hour course.

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Presentation on theme: "CIT Force Options. This course is designed as an Advanced CIT Class and suggested for those who have attended the 40 hour CIT training. This 8 hour course."— Presentation transcript:

1 CIT Force Options

2 This course is designed as an Advanced CIT Class and suggested for those who have attended the 40 hour CIT training. This 8 hour course is designed to provide training to Law Enforcement Professionals to safely use appropriate Force Options when dealing with someone in Mental Crisis. Force Options to include isolate and contain, avoid engaging, de-escalation tactics, physical control tactics, less lethal and deadly force. Class is designed as a mixture of classroom and hands-on training

3 CIT Force Options- Objectives Learn what types of Mental Illness situations are most dangerous to Law Enforcement Officers Develop Communication and De-escalation Tactics to help diffuse Mental Crisis situations. Develop Force Options and Restraint Tactics to safely respond to those in Mental Crisis Develop Tactics to safely respond to Suicidal, Suicide by Cop or Assassination/Ambush Situations

4 Training Equipment King County CIT Program uses Mock Force Options Equipment during all Mock Scenes –Why? King County CIT Program uses Mock Force Options Equipment during all Mock Scenes –Why? With out Mock Weapons you’ll never know what Officers would really do on the street With out Mock Weapons you’ll never know what Officers would really do on the street Officers know it’s VERBAL ONLY during the Mock Scenes without them Officers know it’s VERBAL ONLY during the Mock Scenes without them Was proper Patrol Tactics used during scenarios Examples: Slowing Down, Contact/Cover Was proper Patrol Tactics used during scenarios Examples: Slowing Down, Contact/Cover Can Officers combine Verbal Tactics with Physical Tactics Can Officers combine Verbal Tactics with Physical Tactics Partners can draw concealed non-lethal items (cellphone) making them decide on Force Option Partners can draw concealed non-lethal items (cellphone) making them decide on Force Option Able to correct students during training if Force Option is not appropriate Able to correct students during training if Force Option is not appropriate

5 Training Equipment SIRT Training Pistol SIRT Training Pistol Laser Based Training Pistol Laser Based Training Pistol Can tell when finger is on trigger Can tell when finger is on trigger Can tell when trigger is pulled and if target is hit Can tell when trigger is pulled and if target is hit No need for safety equipment so you can see emotions, expressions and body language No need for safety equipment so you can see emotions, expressions and body language

6 Training X-26 Taser – Inert Laser Pointer Can tell when trigger been pulled Can tell how long the trigger is pulled Can tell where it’s pointed Training Equipment

7 L.A.S.R.: Laser Activated Shot Reporter – Software $99 Allows you to time students in specific drills Allows you to show where they hit on target Can diagnose them after they’ve shot Allows you to train in realistic positions Seated Ground Vehicle While moving One handed while moving

8 Assassinations/Ambushes The FBI study showed ambush situations were the Biggest Category of circumstance behind 543 officers feloniously killed between 2002 to 2011: 23.2%

9 What is your objective for using force? Defensive Force - Subject reasonably perceived as an immediate threat of harm Capture Force - Subject fleeing from (serious physical harm) crime and officer Is justified in tackling subject on the current surface Restraint Force - Force to facilitate restraint (including turtling) Compliance Force - Force to gain volitional compliance to commands Distraction Force – To facilitate restraint of cognitively impaired person

10 AXIS I and AXIS II Changing with DSM-5 40 hour CIT Class General covers AXIS –I AXIS I – Psychiatric Disorder – Diagnosis Examples: Depression Schizophrenia Social Phobias Bi-Polar Can have more than one disorder Medication can help Force Options 8 hour Primarily AXIS II AXIS II – Personality Disorder and DD Examples: DD Autism PersonalityAntisocial Paranoid Borderline (Axis I in DSM-5) Medication doesn’t generally help !

11 Lakewood Statistics Clemmon’s Glock Round #1TinaBack of Head Round #2MarkHead Glock Jams/Misfired Clemmon’s Revolver probably had both out Round #1RonnieNeck Greg’s Glock Round #1ClemmonsTorso Clemmon’s Revolver Rounds # 2-6MissedHit interior walls Greg’s Taser in it’s holster is torn from Greg’s belt Clemmons disarms Greg of his Glock Round #2GregHead

12 Lakewood Statistics Law Enforcement’s Hit Rate 100%1 for 1 All wore Body Armor Clemmon’s Hit Rate 55%5 out of 9 No Body Armor Why did he win! You could not hire hit man to try and to assassinate four armed officers Clemmons hard core Psychopath with delusions First gun grab attempt 16 yoa in court

13 Survival = Getting Head Out of Way Deputy Steve Cox was last King County Deputy killed by gun fire. Homicide suspect drew from concealment and shot Steve in the head – Shot through his finger as he tried to deflect or grab the gun – Hit Steve in the Face, killing him. Deputy Steve Cox was last King County Deputy killed by gun fire. Homicide suspect drew from concealment and shot Steve in the head – Shot through his finger as he tried to deflect or grab the gun – Hit Steve in the Face, killing him. Video Video

14 Psychopath 1-3% of the population Commit a disproportionate amount of serious and violent crime 40% of Prison Population Overwhelming Force and Respect Cryptic Consequences

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16 Law Enforcement Training Scars Suspect’s Primary Target Head and Neck Area Law Enforcement Training Scars FBI Study – Handgun rounds to torso WILL NOT reliably incapacitate subject Officers are taught to shoot at center mass Learn to lock in shooting stance (Not moving head) Goes against natural instinct to move

17 Law Enforcement Training Scars No Environmental Shooting Positions Seated – in Vehicle, Ground, Under Table or Low-Light At close ranges (less than 3 feet) with and without close non- shoot target(s) Little movement and all shooting at same time/direction Decision to shoot had been made for them in most cases on range Little or NO Pre-Attack (Physical or Firearm) training Non Realistic CQB Shooting Position – Rock and Lock Most officers are disarmed while drawing Most are only given limited “RBT”-Reality Based Training Scenarios – 2-3 scenes a year

18 Force Options Covered Seated 360 Degree Shooting in Classroom Flinch Draw – Moving head off line while drawing Taser to Handgun Transition – Handgun to Taser G-WRAPS Weapon Retention Stop Kick Back Fall to Head Avoidance on ground Arm Drag Entry – Hand Fighting WRAPS – Takedown Position to Control Position Rear Weapon Retention Foot Sweep and Foot Trap Takedown Standing Control Cuffing Team Tactics – Team Control and Restraining

19 With permission from: Major Sam Cochran, Retired University of Memphis Sam’s 4 Plays (1)Introduce Yourself ….Hi, I’m Sgt Gulla (2)Obtain the Person’s Name … “What’s your name ? (3) Expressing to the person what you are seeing. What do you see ? Use the I word – “I can see you’re angry” (4)Summarize … to be an “active listener” you should “summarize” Communicating with the person in crisis Summarize the information that you have learned/obtained

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21 Police Response Avoid Engaging When possible, If the individual presents no immediate danger to himself, herself, or others, avoid engaging the person Isolate and Contain Do not invade personal space Do not touch without permission or stand too close Speak slowly and quietly using simple concrete language *Be prepared if above does not work and ready to move to other options

22 Caution When Using Taser in Deadly Force Situation Video of 30 Second Taser Hit

23 Sheboygan Incident Video Video

24 Violence and Mental Illness/Substance Abuse Rankings of Violence Alcohol Drugs TBI Anti-Social Personality Schizophrenia Depression When Mental Illness is combined with Substance Abuse, it increases the likely hood of violence by 500%

25 Emotions to Violence Fear – *One of greatest danger to Police - On both sides Anger Honor/Respect Revenge Control Shame Paranoid

26 Predictor’s of Violence Violence Best predictor of Violence History is Past History ofViolence

27 Suicide by COP Video of SBC man shooting gun

28 Suicide by Cop Demographic and Historical Indicators Reported suicidal communications (87%) On psychiatric medications (42%) Mental health diagnosis (62%) Under psychological care (30%) Past suicidal ideation (86%) Prior suicide attempt (39%) Mood disorder (48%) Mood disorder (48%) (of those with known or suspected issues) Incident Indicators Shoots at police (48%) those who had guns Behavioral threats to harm others (98%) Harms civilians (49%) Verbal threats to harm others (70%) Under influence of alcohol (24%) Psychotic (21%) Suicidal communication 79% mention SBC specifically Suicidal communication during the incident (61%) (of these, 79% mention SBC specifically)

29 Suicide by Cop Police Indicators Less lethal force Less lethal force initially deployed (39%) More rounds fired More rounds fired if deadly force used false belief suicidal risk and homicidal riskopposite appears to be true greater risk of homicide or at least violence toward others This study continues a long line of empirical evidence that sets straight the widely held, but false belief, that there is a negative correlation between suicidal risk and homicidal risk. In fact, the opposite appears to be true: a suicidal individual poses a greater risk of homicide or at least violence toward others, than a non-suicidal individual. high degree of vigilance safety of all civilians and officers Law enforcement apprehension of an armed, suicidal individual requires a high degree of vigilance for the safety of all civilians and officers at the scene of the incident.

30 Responding to Threats of Suicide To increase Officer Safety and gain Intel : #1 Call #1 Call subject via phone prior to contact Connect prior to Directing – Make Connection Weapons Method of Suicide – Weapons What type ? What type ? Handgun vs Scoped Rifle Military Veteran ? Training and Weapons Listen to demeanor and emotions Others in house/vehicle with them Threats of Suicide allows you to “Ping” cellphones to find their location

31 Threat of Suicide by COP Contact with Suicidal Person with Weapon Contact with Suicidal Person with Weapon Isolate and Contain if possible – Specialty Units Isolate and Contain if possible – Specialty Units SBC Subject is likely going to push the event to make police take action – BE PREPARED ! SBC Subject is likely going to push the event to make police take action – BE PREPARED ! Only if Time permits Warnings that Lethal Force maybe used or Less Lethal if appropriate and Only if Time permits Remember subject doesn’t have to point a weapon at you or others to perceived as an immediate threat of harm Remember subject doesn’t have to point a weapon at you or others to perceived as an immediate threat of harm Cover and Backup Cover and Backup One Officer talks Cover Officer is Prepared to shoot – 48% fire at officers One Officer talks and Cover Officer is Prepared to shoot – 48% fire at officers Not Hollywood – One Shot Myth – Reactionary Gap Shot Placement Consider Rifle vs Handgun and Shot Placement

32 Allen v Muskogee: Many cases emphasize the need for enhanced decision making skills with respect to use of force decisions. Allen v. Muskogee[viii] serves as one example. In Allen, officers responded to a call of a suicidal man. Upon their arrival at the scene they observed Mr. Allen, seated alone, in his vehicle with a gun. Within 90 seconds of their arrival, the officers rushed the car in an attempt to disarm Mr. Allen, rather than isolating and negotiating with him. When the officers rushed the car, Allen made a sudden movement toward the officers leading the officers to believe they were in danger of being shot. The officers opened fire and killed Allen.

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34 Questions

35 Early Warning Signs The most Violent Job in Washington state isn't being a police officer or a security guard. It's working as a nurse's aide Emergency Room Staff and Nurses Aides Highest number of Labor and Industry Claims (313) is Western State Hospital

36 King County CIT Program King County is largest County in Washington State Mental Illness and Drug Dependency Funded by MIDD 1 cent of 1 % Sales Tax – Mental Illness and Drug Dependency King County CIT Training Started at the end of hour CIT Basic Average 12 classes per year 8 hour CIT In-Service Average 12 classes per year 8 hour CIT Youth Average 2 classes per year 8 hour CIT Force Options Average 4 classes per year Over 40 King County Law Enforcement Agencies attend training Funding pays First Responders (Police) $55 per hour for backfill or overtime Less than 18% apply for backfill or overtime Corrections, Communication Specialist, Fire, MHPs and Court Marshals also qualify to attend if space is avaliable Crisis Solution Center Mobile Crisis Team MCT Responses 24/7 to LE Request Crisis Diversion Facility 16 beds LE drop off alternative to Jail/ER Crisis Diversion Interim Services 23 beds referred from CDF Regional Mental Health Court Veterans Court

37 Use of Force Legal Update Mike Brave UOF Video

38 Use Of Force Myths Force Science Video

39 My Contact Information Sgt Don Gulla – King Co CIT Coordinator King County Sheriff’s Office Current working at Washington State Criminal Justice Training Center Phone Website


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