Uncertainty of meaning or intention Ex: “I can’t recommend this book too highly”
Main point or idea of an essay Ex: Columbus day should not be celebrated due to the violent and negative affects of his actions upon Native- American culture
Making a comparison using “like” or “as” Ex: Life is like a box of chocolates
Repetition of vowel sounds Ex: Or hear old Triton blow his wreathed horn Ex: I bomb atomically- Socrates’ philosophies and hypotheses can’t define how I be droppin’ these mockeries Ex: And in my hour of darkness, she is standing right in front of me/ speaking words of wisdom, “let it be”.
A figure of speech in which the phrase seems to have a self-contradictory effect Ex: bitter-sweet Ex: nice-nasty
A statement that seems self-contradictory, but in reality, expresses truth Ex: I always tell lies, This sentence is false
a stylistic device in which one implicitly references a related object or circumstance that has occurred or existed in an external context. An allusion is understandable only to those with prior knowledge of the reference in question (as the writer assumes the reader has). An "allusion" is not the same as an "illusion". Ex: Utopian discord Ex: T.S. Elliot’s The Waste Land alludes to Shakespeare, Dante, and Milton
The Gaslight Anthem in the song “High Lonesome”(2008): “And Maria came from Nashville with a suitcase in her hand, I kinda sorta wished I had looked like Elvis” alludes to: The Counting Crows’ song “Round Here” (1994): “Maria came from Nashville with a suitcase in her hand, she says she would like to meet a boy who looks like Elvis”
This occurs when the audience or reader knows something a character does not know This is a great way to build tension and interest into plot Think of horror movies…
A figure of speech when what is said is opposite is what is meant “Break a leg”
When the outcome of a play, story, or event is the opposite of what was expected.
a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance Ex: Your friend is a big baby Ex: You are my guardian angel Ex: The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want; he makes me lie down in green pastures.
This occurs when the author tells the reader exactly what a character is thinking, feeling, or is like The author “tells” us Ed Johnson scratched his head in confusion as the sales rep explained Dralco’s newest engine performance diagnostic computer. The old mechanic hated modern electronics, preferring the old days when all he needed was a stack of manuals and a good set of tools.
the writer reveals information about a character and his personality through that character's thoughts, words, and actions, along with how other characters respond to that character, including what they think and say about him. “That Ed Johnson,” said Anderson, watching the old mechanic scratch his head in confusion as the sales rep explained Dralco’s newest engine performance diagnostic computer. “He hasn’t got a clue about modern electronics. Give him a good set of tools and a stack of yellowing manuals with a carburetor needing repair, and he’d be happy as a hungry frog in a fly-field.”
a question asked solely to produce an effect or to make an assertion and not to elicit a reply Ex: Why Me? Ex: Does a one-legged duck swim in a circle?
Original model or pattern the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form Ex: The Tragic Hero, The Villain, The Damsel in Distress, The Evil Stepmother, The Hero. The Sage Odysseus, Oedipus, The Devil
a comparison between two things that are similar in some way, often used to help explain something or make it easier to understand eye:sight::teeth:chew hand:elbow::foot:knee meow:cat::bark:dog baby:adult::puppy:dog
Words the Author uses to appeal to our senses Kinesthetic, Organic, Auditory, Tactile, Visual, Olefactory, Gustatory
Words that describe movement or tension Ex: Superman was faster than a speeding bullet
Something that appears through sight “The cottages up to their shining eyes in snow”
Representation of sound, Can be Onomatopoeia Ex: “The scythe whispering to the ground”
Words that represent smell Ex: “The musk from hidden grapevine springs
Words that represent taste “The walking boots that taste of Atlantic and Pacific salt”
Words that represent touch Hardness, softness, wetness, heat, cold “The bed linens must just as well be ice and the clothes snow”
Internal sensations Hunger, Fear, thirst, fatigue, nausea “My heart owns a doubt, It costs no inward struggle not to go”
A story with two or more levels of meaning; a literal level and a symbolic, figurative level. Ex: The Matrix, The Prodigal Son, Animal Farm, The Never Ending Story
The Repetition of initial consonant sounds Tounge Twisters Garry’s giraffe gobbled gooseberry’s greedily, getting good at grabbing goodies Peter’s piglet pranced priggishly
Obvious exaggeration for effect I could eat a million waffle fries Your mama is so skinny she can hula hoop with a Cheerio
The author’s attitude towards their audience or subject Ex: angry, bored, comical, playful, arrogant, ignorant
Form of rhetoric in which one person attacks the other instead of the issue being debated. “What do you know? You’re just a kid” “That’s stupid” Usually used to deflect one’s own ignorance towards the subject