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2015/5/81 Wen-Shann Hwang. 2007/5/102 2015/5/83 Wen-Shann Hwang.

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Presentation on theme: "2015/5/81 Wen-Shann Hwang. 2007/5/102 2015/5/83 Wen-Shann Hwang."— Presentation transcript:

1 2015/5/81 Wen-Shann Hwang

2 2007/5/102

3 2015/5/83 Wen-Shann Hwang

4 Unit 4 Work, Unemployment, and Welfare 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 4

5 flect, flex = bend 彎曲 p. 105 deflect v 偏斜,打歪 (de 偏離 + flect→ 偏離彎曲 → 偏 斜 ) deflection n 偏向,偏斜 (deflect + ion) genuflect v 下跪 (genu 膝蓋 + flect→ 膝蓋彎 → 下跪 ) inflect v 使彎曲;詞尾變化 (in 使 + flect→ 使彎曲,引 申為單詞後面變化,和原來不一樣,所以彎曲了,如 child 變成 children) inflection n 詞尾變化 (inflect + ion) reflect n 反射;沉思 (re 反 + flect_ 彎曲返回 → 反射 ) 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 5

6 flect, flex = bend 彎曲 p. 105 reflection n 反射;思考 (reflect + ion) reflective a 反射的;深思的 (reflect + ive) flex v 彎曲 flexble a 易彎曲的;靈活的 (flex 彎曲 + ible 能 … 的 ) inflexible a 不彎的,不屈的 (in 不 + flexible→ 不彎曲 的;不靈活的 ) deflex v 偏斜;轉向 ( + deflect) inflex v 內折,內曲 (in 向內 + flex) 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 6

7 Vocabulary & Phrase 1. resent: feel bitter/hurt at… 憤慨 ; 怨恨 2. everyday: appropriate for ordinary or routine occasions every day: each day 3. take part in 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 7

8 Vocabulary & Phrase 1. take part in: to be involved in an activity, sport, event, etc with other people. 指參加群眾性活動、會議、勞動、 遊行等,往往指參加者持有積極的態度,起一份作用. A unique opportunity to take part in a demonstration class taught by Bellerbys College professor She never takes part in any of the class activities. 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 8

9 Vocabulary & Phrase 2. participate = take part (however, the former is more formal than the latter and is often used for an organized activity like a game, program, competition) She never participate in any of the class activities. Many editors from smaller newspapers participated in this year's survey. So, participate in sth. = take part in sth. 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 9

10 Vocabulary & Phrase 3. attend: (formal) to go to an event such as a party, meeting, or a conference. attend 是出席的意思,表示在某種比較正式 的場合出現。例如,上課,會議等。 Employees are expected and required to attend team meetings. 4. join in: To START taking part in sth. that other people are ALREADY doing. 加入 ( 某黨派、組織、社會團體以及參軍、 入團等 ) James joined in the discussion to say that he agreed with what had been said. So, ATTEND is different from "take part in" and "participate" in the activities with which it is used. 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 10

11 mut = change, 改變 p. 105 mutable a 易變的 (mut + able 能 … 的 → 能變的 ) mutability n 易變 (mutable + ity) mutate v 變化,變異 (mut + ate→ 變化 ) mutiny n 叛亂,兵變 (mut + iny) mutinous a 叛亂的 (mutiny 兵變 + ous) mutual a 相互的 (mut + ual→ 你變我也變 → 相互的 ) commute v 交換;坐公共交通車上下班 (com 共同 + mute→ 和大家一起變動 → 坐公共車 ) 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 11

12 mut = change, 改變 commutable a 可以交換的 (commute 變換 + able→ 可變 換的 ) immutable a 不變的 (im 不 + mut + able) permute v 改變 … 次序 (per 全部 + mute 變 → 全部變 → 改變次序 ) permutation n 改變;互換 (permute + ation) transmute v 使變形,使變化 (trans 橫進去 + mute 變 → 變過去 → 變形 ) 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 12

13 Working from home could save billions’ 1. strategic: relating to or concerned with strategy 2. forecasting: a statement made about the future 預測, 預報 3. facsimile: send something via a facsimile machine 4. enormous: tremendous; ginormous; immense; gigantic; titanic; 5. telecommute: work from home by telecommuting ( 利用 電腦終端機 ) 遠距離辦公 ( 或工作 ) 6. study + concern/cover/examine/explore/focus on/ investigate/look at 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 13

14 Working from home could save billion 7. out of sight: not accessible to view out of sight, out of mind 久離情疏。眼不見,心不想。 8. hazard: a source of danger 危險 ; 危害物 ; 危險之源 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 14

15 Benefits & headhunters p.107 1. apart from: with the exception of; besides; aside from. except for 除開 ; 除... 之外 107- Apart from a few scratches, the car was undamaged. 2. persuade: win approval or support for 說服, 勸服 3. sultan: the ruler of a Muslim country (especially of the former Ottoman Empire) 蘇丹 ( 某些回教國家統治者的 稱號 ) 4. captain: the pilot in charge of an airship 船長 ; 艦長 ;( 飛機 的 ) 機長 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 15

16 Benefits & headhunters 5. chauffeur: a man paid to drive a privately owned car ( 尤 指私家車的 ) 汽車司機 limousine: large luxurious car; usually driven by a chauffeur 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 16

17 Limousine 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 17

18 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 18

19 Discrimination at work 1. on the ground of: 因為 ; 以... 為理由 He left on the grounds of ill-health. 他藉口身體不好,走了。 Now, we are standing on the grounds of the imperil palace. 我們現在是站在宮殿的廣場上。 We refused to publish the report on the grounds of cost. 因費用的關係,我們拒絕公佈這份報告。 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 19

20 Discrimination at work p. 108 2. in case of: If there should happen to be 如果發生 3. tribunal: an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business 法庭 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 20

21 General rules Tom is responsible for the loss of money. Tom takes the responsibility for the loss of money. Let’s have a look at the document. Let’s look at the document. 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 21

22 exception John is proud of his uncle who is a scientist. ( 以 … 為榮 ) John has pride in his uncle who is a scientist. ( 以 … 為榮 ) The room is full of students. ( 充滿 ) The room is filled with students. Jane is interested in English. ( 對‧‧‧感興趣 ) English is interesting to Jane. ( 是有趣的 ) 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 22

23 Taking on the great white way 1. lag: hang (back) or fall (behind) in movement, progress, development, etc. 落後 ; 延遲 2. executive: a person responsible for the administration of a business 執行者 ; 行政官 ; 高級官員 ; 行政上的 ; 行政部 門的 3. grievance: a resentment strong enough to justify retaliation 不滿, 不平 ; 抱怨, 牢騷 4. arbitration: the act of deciding as an arbiter; giving authoritative judgment 仲裁, 調定 ; 公斷 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 23

24 Taking on the great white way p. 109 5. dub: give a nickname to 授予... 稱號 ; 把... 叫做 ; 給... 取綽 號 6. muzzle: restraint put into a person's mouth to prevent speaking or shouting 口套, 口絡 7. bolster: support and strengthen 支撐 ; 加固 ; 援助 ; 支持 ; 墊 子 ; 襯墊 8. sales associate: 營業助理 ; 業務活動專員 sales assistant: 業務助理 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 24

25 Taking on the great white way p. 109 9. herald: foreshadow or presage; praise vociferously 預示... 的來臨 ; 宣佈, 通報 10. nude: without clothing 裸的 11. pinup: a very pretty girl who works as a photographer's model 【口】 ( 釘在壁上的 ) 美女照片 12.prevent/hinder/impede/preclude/obstruct/inhibit/pro hibit/hamper/ avert/forestall/stop + from 阻止、防 止 …… 做某事 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 25

26 Getting the sack 1. get the sack: to be told to leave your job 被解雇 2. tribunal: an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business 法庭 3. BT: British Telecom; Bachelor of Theology 4. frivolous: trivial 無聊的, 瑣碎的 5. ponytailed: 馬尾式辮子 6. get rid of: dispose of; terminate, end, or take out 擺脫 7. trim: to make neat or tidy by clipping, smoothing 修剪 ; 修 整 ; 整理 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 26

27 Getting the sack 8. clash: be incompatible; be or come into conflict 不調和 ; 抵觸 9. boutique: a shop that sells women's clothes and jewellery 精品店 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 27

28 Redundancy 1. redundant: [Brit, Cdn] Laid off work because the job position was no longer needed 【主英】 ( 因人員過剩而 ) 被解雇的, 失業的 [Z] 2. turbulent: characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination 動蕩的 ; 混亂的 3. compulsory: required by rule 強制的, 強迫的, 義務的 4. get the axe: lose one’s job 被解雇 ; 被開除 5. slimdown: take off weight 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 28

29 Redundancy page. 114 1. severance: a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions) 分離 ; 分開 2. 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 29

30 Jobless & on the dole 115 1. on the dole: receiving welfare money 靠失業援助過活 2. dole: a share of money or food or clothing that has been charitably given 【英】【口】失業救濟金 3. 4. 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 30

31 chron = time, 時間 117 chroic 長期的 chronicle 編年史 (chron + icle 表名詞 ) chronology 年代學;年表 chronograph 精密計時器 anachronism 年代錯誤 synchronize 同時發生 (syn 共同+ chron + ize→ 時間相 同 → 同時發生 ) synchronous 同期的;同步的 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 31

32 文化是人性的指標,是社會良知的底線,是人類生存 的希望。 一個民族選擇了什麼文化,便選擇了什麼命運。 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 32

33 Industrial action 118 1. indefinitely: without any limit of time or number 無限期 地 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 33

34 Teamster mob in press battle 122 1. teamster: truck driver 【美】運貨卡車駕駛員 2. mob: a disorderly crowd of people 烏合之眾 3. picket: a protester posted by a labour organization outside a place of work 4. besiege: surround so as to force to give up 包圍, 圍住 5. haul: transport in a vehicle 搬運 6. crab: 起重機 ; 絞車 7. in an attempt to: in an effort to 為了... , 8. bring out: carry, convey, lead 帶出戶外 ; 發表, 發 ( 言 ); 出版 ; 使 ( 演員、歌手等 ) 出名 ; 使 ( 女子 ) 進入社交界 ; 上演 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 34

35 Teamster mob in press battle 122 9. ring: surround 包圍 ; 圍住 [(+with)] 10. pitched: 人字形的 11. climbdown: a retraction of a previously held position 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 35

36 Calling it off 123 1. lorry: a large truck designed to carry heavy loads; usually without sides 【英】卡車, 貨車 2. vigil: A purposeful surveillance to guard or observe 守夜 ; 警戒 ; 監視 3. 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 36

37 Welfare 124 1. in effect: in actuality or reality or fact; in essence; to all purposes 在功效方面 ; 實際上 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 37

38 Definition p. 125 We call following Vs subjunctive verbs. Usually we use subjunctive Vs with 'that clause‘ ask, propose, suggest, command, recommend, decree, desire, request, insist, require, order, prefer, stipulate, urge * Sometimes the V 'insist' may be used in non- subjunctive Vs

39 --The Indonesian prime minister ordered that the army retain control of the situation. --The lawyer requested that the court deny the evidence. --The archaeologist requested that the government support the excavation of buried ancient city. --The France proposed that his name be engraved on the statue. Usage(1/3)

40 --The government refused the request that the labour party suggest. --They ignored the suggestion that she get more practice. --The king commanded that the knight go on a quest. --The king desired that the knight go on a quest. --I suggest that you be a little quieter. --I move that the bypass be routed east of town. Usage(2/3)

41 Usage(3/3) --The manager insisted that he finish the work. --The general commands that you be present at the meeting tomorrow. --I propose that we take a break.

42 Certain expressions (of urgency) are also followed by that + the subjunctive: It is/was/will be advisable/necessary/ recommended/ urgent/important/mandatory/proposed/required/sugges ted/urgent/imperative/desirable that (subject) verb in the base form (...) --It is recommended that every body study this carefully. Subjunctive N clause(1/3)

43 it is advisable/critical/ desirable/essential/ fitting / important/necessary/vital + that …. --It is essential that you be present. --It is necessary that everyone leave now. --It was vital that he see the president. These structures are more common in American English. In British English, people usually use other structures, especially should + infinitive: --I propose that we should take a break. --It was vital that he should see the president. Subjunctive N clause(2/3)

44 It is imperative that you get home before dark. It is important that everyone follow the rules. It is necessary that everyone be calm in times of danger. It is essential that you arrive before 5pm. It is critical that the prime minister address those sensitive issues. It was vital that everything be done on time. It is crucial that we make it successful. 44 Subjunctive N clause(3/3)

45 Nouns used with the Subjunctive There are also nouns that can be followed by a subjunctive verb, like advice, condition, demand, directive, intention, order, proposal, recommendation, request, suggestion, wish. My advice is that the company invest in new equipment. She is free to leave, on condition that she commit no further offence. His deep wish is that his daughter go to university. 45

46 Dismantling the European Welfare State p. 126 1. electorate: the body of enfranchised citizens; those qualified to vote ( 總稱 )( 全體 ) 選民 2. bloated: become bloated or swollen or puff up 3. output: Final product; the things produced 生產 4. reunification: reunion 重新統一 5. spree: a brief indulgence of your impulses 狂飲作樂 6. fiddle: 欺詐 ; 騙局 7. scrounger: 指一些有工作或是不願意工作卻領取失業 救濟金的人 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 46

47 Cracking down on scroungers 1. crack down: repress or suppress 2. claw back: to get back (something) with difficulty; to recover (a sum of money), esp by taxation or a penalty 3. fraudster: sb. who commits fraud 2015/5/8 Wen-Shann Hwang 47

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