Presentation on theme: "2000 Pan American High Performance Coaching Course February 10 – 15, 2009 Hamilton, Bermuda Course Conductors: FIH Coach Grade 1 – ShiazVirjee (Canada)"— Presentation transcript:
2000 Pan American High Performance Coaching Course February 10 – 15, 2009 Hamilton, Bermuda Course Conductors: FIH Coach Grade 1 – ShiazVirjee (Canada) FIH Coach - William (Bill) Gaudette (USA), FIH Coach Olympian - Jorgelina Rimoldi (Argentina)
Goalkeeper Physical Characteristics Agility Power Flexibility Fast Reflexes Speed in the D
Goalkeepiong Technique Characteristics Body Position Contact with Ball Deflecting Vision
Goalkeeper Psychological Characteristics Poise Leadership Communication Responsibility Determination
Goalkeeping There is a lot of emphasis being put on speed, agility and power. The question is how does that translate into a better goalkeeper? The speed aspect is apparent in the forward direction as gk’ers are often required to sprint off their line to intercept through balls and win breakaways. Every second matters when racing to beat a forward for the ball. Agility is crutial because there is so much change in direction required by the position. And power is vital for a strong explosion on extension and diving.
Goalkeeping Many goalkeepers today have added agility training to their daily or weekly workouts. They are using agility ladders, working on first step explosion, improving speed and running form, and doing plyometrics. The result is a fitter, faster, and more athletic goalkeepers than every before. However there still remains a disconnect between speed and agility work and actual positional performance and training. As coaches we need to develop exercises that connect the footwork patterns learned on the ladder and in the various agility drills to actual game situations and specific to goalkeeping
Goalkeeping Lateral footwork is one example applicable to goalkeeping. It can separate a good goalkeeper from a great goalkeeper. As goalkeepers develop, they need to learn to incorporate more lateral footwork and lateral quickness if they want to progress to playing at the highest level. Most younger goalkeepers have the tendency to dive from the set positions thus relying on their power, not their speed or agility. Power can only get a goalkeeper so far. Even the most explosive goalkeeper can’t dive sufficient distance to cover the entire goal surface. There fore improving lateral footwork is the solution to extending a goalkeepers diving range.
Goalkeeping The recommended footwork into a dive is to step with the closest to the ball, at an attacking angle ton intersect the path of the ball, as the arms extend to make a block save. The upper body stays forward over the front knee as the knee bends (similar to a long lunge), to ease the body to the ground for a dive. There fore, if the ball is on the right, the step is with the right leg. However, the movement is actually initiated from the push off the back (left in this case) foot. Then once the body is moving in the direction of the ball, the power and drive comes from pushing off the lead plant leg (goalkeepers must have good hip and leg extensor strength) and the drive of the arms to the ball, as well as the drive of the back leg across the body.
Goalkeeping When the shot is about to be taken, the goalkeeper should be set, balanced onboth feet, weight forward on the balls of the feet and ready to respond. After the ball is struck, most goalkeepers only take one steps described above into their dive, thus they are limiting the distance they can cover laterally. Ideally if they can add a a quick shuffle on to that step, they will be able to generate more lateral momrntum which will translate into a much greater saving range. The shuffle does not have to cover a great distance, but it does need to be very quick since a goalkeeper has limited reaction time after the ball is struct.
Goalkeeping We start by training players to derive their push off the back foot with an agility ladder pattern. The first pattern is a basic lateral sidestep, putting 2 feet in each box and progress down the ladder facing sideways. Be sure to train in both directions. Then progress to a diagonal pattern that zigzags 2 in and 1 out through the ladder sfacing forward. Once the pattern becomes ingrained, then quickness through the ladder is stressed. This pattern is the exact step to shuffle pattern that the goalkeeper will use though the ladder is expresed. This pattern is the exact step to shuffle pattern NEXT we progress to diving. Set up 2 cones about 4 yards apart. The goalkeeper starts behind one of the cones and the server is about 5 yards from the other cone facing the GK. The server has one ball, And on verbal command from the server, the GK takes a step then quickly shuttles at an angle forward ending with collapse dive save in front of the other come. The service should be firm, direct that will challenge that will challenged the GK to footwork across quickly. Additionally a good arm drive is stressed. The server swithces sides a sgoalkeeeoer resets. So that both directions can be trainig. Since The GK is getting a predictable shot in this exercise, it is easier to focus on applying the appropriate footwork pattern. Over time with repetition this GK will switcy to Moter and footwork will become second nature to the Goalkeeper. It is all about teaching muscel memory so when the GP returns to live play, the response is automaic.
Goalkkeping Pattern side hops – 2 feet Front hops one foot out and 2 in Step with lead foot. Step first only with right food on angle up
Vision Training Close eyes: R or L upon opening Looking over shoulder see red or blue Letters and numbers on balls –Ground –Aerials Grounded, make second save id numbers Close eyes, open on shot Lights – R left, L right, up – down add distractors
Key Factors Access the speed and angle of attackers approach Make movements toward ball when the ball is off the attackers stick. Delay the attacker as long as possible Stay as big as possible Force wide if possible As the attacker gets closer, the GK needs to adjust his body position lower and prepare the blockers, Assessment/Decision – watch the ball not the attacker body
Goalkeepiong Technique – lead with the hands and not the feet Head position Phicial courage Recovery saves Analyze angle and speed of defenders recovery runs Instruction/communication with recovering defenders. Determined by attackers angle of approach, angle of the recovery line of the defender, and the position of the GK (especially if the attacker is being forced wide)
Goalkeeping Goalkeepers position in relation to the distance and angle of the ball. GK’s movement into the line in relation to the movement of the ball Is there pressure on the ball. If not the player in possession can play the ball forward so the GK need to identify when to be on the ball of the feet or the front foot in “anticipation” of the ball being played through. Goalkeepers assessment of whether to advance to deal with the through ball or stay and defend the goal.
Goalkeeping Need logical, realistic and progressive method to aid Development 1. Shot Stopping/recovery saves A. starting position in relation to ball: Repositioning on ball goal line B. Readjust position with footwork that is balanced and coordinated. Accomplished with short lateral movements ensuring that movements are made as the ball is being passed so that if at anytime the opposition are going to shoot for goal. The goalkeeper is balanced and set to give themselves the best opportunity to save. As players advance closer to goal the goalkeeper must decide
Goalkeeping Advance to ball or down the line of the ball to narrow the angle of the shot. By narrowing the angle the target becomes small and gives the goalkeeper a better opportunity to save. A taller gk often will not go down the line as far as he fills more of the goal. With more balls lifted around the goal, the gk perfers to have a bit more time to make a decision to save or deflect.
Goalkeeping Preparing to “SET” Who is the player in possession Is the player stronger right side or left Is that player likely to shoot What are shooting options Are defenders in position to pressure ball Does the position of defenders impact GK position
Goalkeeping Other considerations Surface conditions of the pitch Possible shooting distance Lighting conditions Upon Shooting: What is best and safest position to make save Where are defenders to assist in clearing If deflected, in what area of the pitch or over and around the goal Does the gk now need to make a recovery save or does he re-adjust position and defend goal
Goalkeeping 1 v 1 when attacker is behind defense GK Decisions based upon Planned entry into the D Who is the Player Is the attacker being chased by a defender Is attacker in good possession How fast is the player running and is the defender likely to position to tackle With these considerations, the goalkeeper decides if he is in a position to advance from the line at any stage and intercept the ball.
Goalkeeping The GK must not commit too early and instead put the onus on the attcker, bearing in mind that there are recovering defenders. Attackers entering the D with solid possession, in most instance it is better for the GK to remain big and go for a save unless the player has the ball come off his stick.
Goaleekping When training the gk, have the attacker shoot within 4 seconds of receiving ball. This forces the attacker to attack at pace, realistic.
Goalkeeping Set Piece into the D What does Gk know about the players in a position to receive the first pass What options are aviailable to the player taking the free hit into the D How many players will defend the free hit Who is likely to put pressure on the first pass Where is the starting position in relation to ball. What are position of players not in the wall How deep are we defending
Goalkeeping Positioning. The Gk position must be just off center of goal giving himself the best possible chance to save the ball whether it goes right or left. The gk must take up a positionwhere he can best see the most likely pass option. The goalkeeper must wait until the ball is struck before making his first movement.
Dealing with balls cup back Dealing with a ball that is driven hard across the face of the near post 1 st priority is to defend the near post A square on body position slightly in front of the near post will give the gk the best opportunity of defending the goal and still be able to be in a position to cut out the ball that is hit hard into the near post area
Goalkeeping As the ball is hit, the GK makess an accessment of whether he can cut the ball out and decide which technique would be most appropriate. If the GK decides not to go for the ball, then he must recover into the best position to defend the goal.
2 nd Positioning The GK can now afford to be further back in the goal and with a 45 degree stance to the ball. This stance will now give the GK the opportunity to defend the front half of the goal if the ball is hit into that area, and also be in a good position to deal with the ball that is hit into the far post. The 45 degree stance or open body position of the GK will also make it easier to assess the positioins of all the defenders and attackers in the D