2Robert B. Cooter Jr., E. Sutton Flynt, and Kathleen Spencer Cooter Published by Pearson Education, Inc. in 2007It is used for measuring reading development in regular and special education classrooms.Can be used for students in kindergarten through the twelfth grade.
3Areas of Assessment Five essential elements of reading: Phonemic awarenessPhonicsReading comprehensionReading fluencyVocabulary development
4Emily1st grade studentMoved into the community between Thanksgiving and the first of the yearLives with mother, father, and sister
5Interest Inventory She had a hard time answering the questions Sometimes the answer corresponded to the question but sometimes it did notQuestion #5: “Do you ever read at home?”Emily replied, “No, I don’t know how to read.”Question #15: “What makes a person a good reader?”Emily responded, “They read us books.”
6Reading Attitude Survey HappyTo find a book-She anticipated her library timeReading a new book-She was so excited, she wanted to read it every chance she had and to anybody who would listen.SadReading books or magazines at home-She said she doesn’t have magazines at home.Complete workbook pages at school-She was unable to keep up with the class, she would refer to her neighbors
7Initial Consonant Sounds Test (ICST): An Oddity Task This assessment measures if a child has developed awareness in beginning sounds of spoken wordsShe scored a five out of a possible tenDeveloping levelSoap Six DogCar Man MopDuck Dog FivePig Pack FanFish Fan LeafNest Nut WheelCat Cake NineSun Tree TieClock Bee BatSock Feet Fish
8Phonemic Segmentation Test (PST) The purpose of this test is to determine the child’s ability to isolate individual sounds in spoken words.Rubber Band TechniqueScored 3/15 Emergent levelInitial Soundslive /l//p/ first response /v/ secondMiddle Soundsdid /i//n/Ending Soundcall /l//k/
9Blending Sounds Test (BST) This assessment indicates a slightly higher phonemic awareness than for example, rhyming sounds.She scored 30/30Proficient levelSegmented WordsBlended WordCorrect Response? Y/NM—ainMainYR—ateRate
10Letter Naming Test (LNT) Assesses the child for identification of upper and lower case letters.Scored a 23/26Developing level A b C d E f g
11Sentences for Initial Passage Selection Ceiling for this assessment is two errors.She read four out of twelve words correctly.FORM A: LEVEL 1He wanted to fly.The family got together.The boy was jumping.
12Pre-Primer Wordless Story She described or labeled three of the four pictures.Stage one: “Early Connections to Reading.”She displayed a limited sense of story.
13Phonics Quick Test (PQT) She could not match letter-sound correspondences.The WordResponsemipmrumpcawcrownpighttreat
14ResultsIn analyzing the results I would place her in the beginning emergent stage.Phonemic Awareness Tests:ICST Developing levelPST Emergent levelBST Proficient levelLNT Developing levelPQT Emergent level
15Recommended Instruction According to Multiple Paths to Literacy by J. Gipe, she is in the pre-phonemic stage (186).She “needs to learn to represent sounds.”encourage invented spellingsdialog journalingLanguage Experience Approach (LEA)rhyming books or/and predictable booksA quote from Multiple Paths to Literacy states, “Children who have had few experiences with language will need explicit instruction in all aspects of literacy development (145).”
16Recommended Instruction In Words Their Way by D. Bear, M. Invernizzi, S. Templeton and F. Johnston, Mackenzie is considered to be in the middle emergent stage because she does not have phonemic awareness or letter sound correspondence.This book recommends that she sees and practices writing.sentence strips with familiar jingles or rhymessorting objects, pictures and words by beginning sounds
17Works CitedBear, Donald R., Marcia Invernizzi, Shane Templeton, and Francine Johnston. Words Their Way: Word Study for Phonics, Vocabulary, and Spelling Instruction. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, Print.Gipe, Joan P. Multiple Paths to Literacy Assessment and Differentiated Instruction for Diverse Learners, K-12. 7th ed. New York: Pearson Education, Print.