Presentation on theme: "WiMAX-EVDO interworking using mobile IP Peretz Feder, Ramana Isukapalli, and Semyon Mizikovsky, Alcatel-Lucent 1 IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 47,"— Presentation transcript:
WiMAX-EVDO interworking using mobile IP Peretz Feder, Ramana Isukapalli, and Semyon Mizikovsky, Alcatel-Lucent 1 IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 122-131, 2009.
Outline Introduction Network Architecture – WiMAX Network – EV-DO Network Network Architecture for Interworking Call Flows – Handoffs Using CMIP in WiMAX – Handoffs Using PMIP in WiMAX Conclusions 2
Introduction WiMAX – a fourth-generation wireless-access technology, – has made significant progress both in the standard forums and with wireless network carriers. – it is important to interwork with existing third-generation access networks before it is uniquely and ubiquitously deployed. This article addresses the full-mobility approach and presents a solution using mobile IP (MIP) – a dual-mode device with two (WiMAX and EVDO) separate radios – ideally suited for service providers who use a phased approach when evolving from third-generation to fourth-generation networks. 3
Network Architecture – WiMAX Based on the IEEE 802.16e air interface – orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) The Network Working Group (NWG) of the WiMAX Forum specifies the end-to-end system architecture, detailed protocols, and procedures beyond the air- interface standards 4  WiMAX Forum, “Network Architecture Stage 2: Architecture Tenets, Reference Model and Reference Points.”  WiMAX Forum. “Network Architecture Stage 3: Detailed Protocols and Procedures.”  IEEE Std 802.16e-2005, “IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems,” Dec. 2005.
5 release 1.0 v. 3 connectivity-services network (CSN) access-services network (ASN) Security anchoring, network-access-server (NAS) functionality, traffic accounting, and a mobility proxy client a global mobility anchor can potentially connect over the R6 interface to any ASN-GW ASN-GW relocation intra-ASN-GW, inter-ASN-GW, and anchored-CSN mobility
Network Architecture – EVDO 6 a global mobility anchor Base station controller and packet control function (BSC/PCF): Control and management for one or more BTSs and relays packets to the appropriate packet data- serving node (PDSN) accepts MIP registration
Evolution-Data Optimized (EVDO) – requires a point-to-point protocol (PPP) layer between the MS and the packet data-serving node (PDSN) – MS always performs MIP registration following a PPP negotiation makes the link set-up time on EVDO a little longer than in WiMAX unicast access terminal identifier (UATI) session. – The lifetime of a UATI session can be longer than a PPP/MIP session, but a PPP session can exist only if the MS already has a UATI session. – the air-interface session set up (including negotiation of session parameters and protocols) takes a few seconds To reduce the hand-off time, pre-establishing an air-interface session and leaving it idle (without a PPP/MIP session) while the MS is active in a WiMAX network is desirable. But consumes more battery power 7  3GPP2 A-S0008-A, “Interoperability Specification (IOS) for High Rate Packet 1 Data (HRPD) Radio Access Network Interfaces with 2 Session Control in the Access Network.”  3GPP2 X.S0011-D, “CDMA 2000 Wireless IP Network Standard.”
Network Architecture for Interworking 8
Inter-technology handoffs – break before make – make before break – make-before-break-with-simultaneous-bindings accounts for the best service continuity with a minimum packet loss during handoffs additional algorithms (e.g., duplicate packets coming along the two links) required 9
Network Architecture for Interworking - Interworking models tightly coupled model – The ASN-GW of WiMAX connect to the IP core network through PDSN – the EVDO core network treats the WiMAX network as an extension of an access network. – The MS implement an EVDO protocol stack on top of the WiMAX – no practical standards the complexity of implementing this model must be evaluated carefully vis- à-vis the benefits loosely coupled mode – each network follows its unique network entry procedures, authentication methods, intra-technology mobility, paging, and so on – the WiMAX and EVDO networks are connected to a common IP core network, enabling common billing for both the networks and access technology specific authentication 10
11 The data paths are separate for WiMAX and EVDO access networks. – useful when the same provider owns the same core network and can serve disparate access networks an essential feature during transition from third-generation to fourth- generation wireless networks.
Network Architecture for Interworking - Client MIP and PMIP models Client MIP (CMIP) model – the MS integrates an additional MIP stack PMIP model – the network (ASN-GW), on behalf of the MS, sends a MIP registration request to the HA WiMAX networks support both CMIP and PMIP, whereas EVDO supports only CMIP. 12
Network Architecture for Interworking - Functionality of Various Components HA – enforces the use of the same Network Access Identifier (NAI) on both the WiMAX and EVDO networks – support simultaneous bindings for the WiMAX and EVDO seamless handoff maintains both the old and the new bindings through both technologies for a brief period of time – supports session revocation and releases the resources 13
MS – supports dual radio (two separate MAC and physical layers) possibly with simultaneous bindings during handoffs – uses the same NAI in both WiMAX and EVDO – uses CMIP procedures compliant with IS-835D [3, 4] in EVDO networks and MIP procedures compliant with WiMAX  – accessible with the same IP address (HoA) to any correspondent node – a connection manager (CM) function monitors the signal strength in the other network for possible handoffs Trigger handoffs based on configuration parameters 14
AAA – authenticates WiMAX terminals as specified in [1, 2] and EVDO terminals as specified in [3, 4] – stores the assigned HA address and the HoA corresponding to a NAI returns the same HA address for an MS when there are subsequent binding requests for the HA 15
Network Architecture for Interworking - Network Protocol Stack 16
Network Architecture for Interworking - QoS Issues EVDO supports a device-initiated QoS model, – the QoS classifier is obtained mostly from the MS WiMAX initial release supports a network-initiated QoS model – QoS classification information must come from the network Handoffs – WiMAX EVDO the MS in an EVDO network can request the same assigned QoS. – EVDO WiMAX require further algorithms not presently developed. 17
Call Flows 18
19 WiMAX ↓ EVDO using CMIP in WiMAX
20 WiMAX ↓ EVDO using PMIP in WiMAX
Conclusions We discussed the need for interworking and presented an interworking model between WiMAX and EVDO networks using MIP protocols – provide session continuity We discussed the loosely coupled network architecture with separate data paths between WiMAX and EVDO networks. We presented detailed call flows for both CMIP and PMIP implementations in WiMAX – and discussed the various steps of the call flows. the interworking model presented here can be easily extended to other access networks – WiFi, the universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS), long- term evolution (LTE), and so on. 21
22 wide area network MIP - Registration (“foreign agent care-of address” mode) Foreign Agent 1 1) Agent Discovery: mobile node contacts foreign agent on entering visited network 2) Obtain care-of address (CoA): The termination point of a tunnel toward a mobile node mobile node 2 foreign agent register its address (e.g. 22.214.171.124) to the home agent of the mobile node Home Agent visited network home network
23 wide area network MIP - Communication (“foreign agent care-of address” mode) correspondent node Foreign Agent 1 correspondent node addresses packets using the home address of the mobile node Home Agent mobile node 2 home agent intercepts packets, tunnels and forwards to the foreign agent 3 4 mobile node replies directly to the correspondent node visited network home network foreign agent receives packets, detunnels and forwards to the mobile node