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US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulatory Program.

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Presentation on theme: "US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulatory Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulatory Program

2 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Corps Regulatory Program Purposes Protect Navigation: Sections 9 and 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899 Restore and maintain the physical, chemical and biological integrity of the Nation's waters: Section 404 of the Clean Water Act Protect marine resources associated with ocean disposal of dredged material: Section 103 of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972

3 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Corps Regulatory Program Goals Protect the Aquatic Environment Render Fair and Reasonable Decisions Provide for Efficient Decision Making

4 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Clean Water Act “… to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters.”

5 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Functions of Streams, Wetlands and Other Waters of the United States Water quality Fish and wildlife habitat Food chain production Flood storage Shoreline protection Streamflow maintenance Groundwater recharge/discharge Natural products for economy Recreation and aesthetics

6 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Clean Water Act Section 404 Requires authorization from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to discharge dredged or fill material into waters of the United States

7 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Clean Water Act - Section 404 Regulatory Program Geographic jurisdiction Regulated activities Permitting – –General permits – –Individual permits

8 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Waters of the United States Two Primary Elements Exhibits specific physical features – –Presence of ordinary high water mark in open non-tidal waters – –High tide line in open tidal waters – –Presence of appropriate hydrology, soils, and vegetation in wetlands Meets definition of “waters of the United States” in 33 CFR 328.3(a)

9 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Waters of the United States The term “waters of the United States” includes (33 CFR (a)): –(1) Navigable waters –(2) Interstate waters –(3) All other waters (intrastate lakes, rivers, streams, mudflats, wetlands, sloughs, wet meadows, playa lakes, etc.), the use, degradation, or destruction of which could affect interstate or foreign commerce Used or could be used by interstate or foreign travelers for recreational or other purposes From which fish or shellfish are or could be taken and sold in interstate or foreign commerce Used or could be used for industrial purpose by industries in interstate commerce

10 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Waters of the United States The term “waters of the United States” includes (cont.): –(4) Impoundments of waters of the United States –(5) Tributaries of waters identified above –(6) Territorial seas –(7) Wetlands adjacent to waters identified above Waste treatment systems designed to meet the requirements of the Clean Water Act (other than cooling ponds) are not waters of the United States

11 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

12 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

13 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

14 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

15 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

16 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

17 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Clean Water Act - Section 404 Regulatory Program Geographic jurisdiction Regulated activities Permitting – –General permits – –Individual permits

18 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Regulated Activities Permit required from the Corps for discharges of dredged or fill material into waters of the United States (33 CFR Part 323)

19 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

20 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

21 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

22 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

23 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

24 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Clean Water Act - Section 404 Regulatory Program Geographic jurisdiction Regulated activities Permitting – –General permits – –Individual permits

25 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation General Permits Issued nationwide or regionally for a category or categories of activities which are either: –Similar in nature and cause only minimal individual and cumulative adverse impacts (Nationwide and Regional General Permits) or –Result in avoiding unnecessary regulatory control exercised by another federal, state, or local agency provided the activity would cause only minimal individually and cumulatively adverse effects (Programmatic General Permits) Always Include terms and conditions for compliance May require pre-construction notification to the Corps

26 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Permitting Mechanisms General Permits – –Programmatic – –Nationwide – –Regional Individual Permits – –Letter of permission – –Standard

27 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation General Permit Examples Nationwide Permit –Maintenance (NWP 3) –Utility Lines (NWP 12) –Bank Stabilization (NWP 13) –Linear Transportation Crossings (NWP 14) –Surface Coal Mining (NWP 21) –Wetland and Riparian Restoration and Creation Activities (NWP 27)

28 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation NWP 27 - Stream and Wetland Restoration Activities Authorized activities: –Restoration of former tidal and non-tidal waters –Enhancement of degraded tidal and non-tidal wetlands and riparian areas –Creation of tidal and non-tidal wetlands and riparian areas –Restoration and enhancement of non-tidal streams and non-tidal open waters

29 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Corps Mitigation Policy Regulatory Program mitigation policy (33 CFR (r)) – last updated in regulations effective in 1987 and in policy in Regulatory Guidance Letter 02-2 (December 2002) (see also 1995 mitigation bank guidance and 2000 in-lieu fee mitigation guidance) Applies to all permits, including general permits Avoiding, minimizing, rectifying, reducing, and/or compensating for resource loss must be considered Corps may require all appropriate and practicable mitigation necessary to insure the action will not be contrary to the public interest and meet other legal requirements, e.g., 404(b)(1)

30 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Corps & EPA Mitigation MOA Signed February 6, 1990 Guidance for determining type and level of mitigation necessary to comply with the 404(b)(1) guidelines Mitigation defined as a sequential process of avoiding, minimizing, and compensating for adverse impacts to the aquatic ecosystem Mitigation banking may be an appropriate form of compensatory mitigation

31 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Preapplication Coordination Preapplication coordination encouraged but not required Applicant presents proposed project to Corps and/or resource agencies before submitting a permit application or PCN Preferably presented in planning stage of project when changes are easier to make May include meeting(s) and/or site visit(s) Provides opportunity for early feedback to applicant to hopefully avoid sensitive areas and resolve issues

32 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Stream Management Concern by Corps and resource agencies about individual and cumulative adverse impacts of urban development and other projects on streams and riparian areas Fort Worth District sponsoring and encouraging guidance, workshops and demonstration projects in association with numerous other participating agencies (EPA, FWS, NRCS, TCEQ, TPWD, local agencies)

33 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

34 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

35 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation

36 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Tips on Working with the Corps in the Regulatory Program Get to know the personnel in the District(s) you work with and become familiar with their procedures Think like the Corps and other natural resource agencies on protecting the aquatic environment Develop resources for proven, as well as new and innovative, ways to protect the aquatic environment and use them when appropriate. Share such plans with other parts of your organization Seek the advice of a good environmental consultant when appropriate If at first you don’t succeed, read the instructions

37 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Tips on Working with the Corps in the Regulatory Program Provide detail commensurate with the complexity of the case Use simple, clearly-reproducible drawings with complete legends Make sure that your submittals would make sense to an uninformed third-party (don’t make assumptions) Check submittals for accuracy (math, consistency among multiple sections – including drawings - of the report Develop good, well-thought-out plans and then follow them

38 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Tips on Working with the Corps in the Regulatory Program Suggest ways for the process to go more smoothly Conduct pre-application coordination when appropriate Use all of the Corps Regulatory websites as resources Acknowledge the heavy Regulatory Program workload Avoid, minimize, and compensate – ensure that protection of the aquatic environment is integrated into the planning process of all projects to the maximum extent practicable

39 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Bottom Line If you need a Department of the Army permit GET ONE !! If you get a Department of the Army permit DO WHAT IT REQUIRES !!

40 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Regulatory Program Information National Regulatory Program Home Page: Fort Worth District Regulatory Home Page: Galveston District Regulatory Home Page: Tulsa District Regulatory Home Page: Albuquerque District Regulatory Home Page:

41 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Fort Worth District Guidance Regulatory Program Overview General Recommendations for Department of the Army Submittals Procedures for Jurisdictional Determinations Individual Permit Application Checklist 404(b)(1) Alternative Analyses Mitigation Mitigation Banking In-lieu Fee Mitigation Emergency Procedures

42 US Army Corps of Engineers One Corps Serving The Army and the Nation Corps Contacts in Texas and Southwestern Division Fort Worth District(817) Little Rock District(501) Galveston District(409) Tulsa District(918) Albuquerque District(915)


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