Presentation on theme: "ICAOS Mini Training Transfer Eligibility and Reporting Instructions Eligibility Presented by: Training Committee [Revision 3/1/2014] Be Ready for a Test."— Presentation transcript:
ICAOS Mini Training Transfer Eligibility and Reporting Instructions Eligibility Presented by: Training Committee [Revision 3/1/2014] Be Ready for a Test at the End.
Training Objectives Eligibility Criteria –Definition of ‘Offender’ –Definition of ‘Supervision’ –Offenses covered –Mandatory versus Discretionary Transfer Reporting Instructions Criteria – Offenders must qualify for reporting instructions
Purpose of ICAOS Promote Public Safety Protect the Rights of Victims Effective Supervision/Rehabilitation Control Movement of Offenders Provide for Effective Tracking
Courts, Parole Boards, Community Corrections & other Executive Agencies –subject to ICAOS rules –MUST enforce & effectuate the Compact Do you know your state’s statute? The Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision
What Triggers the Compact? No state shall permit an offender who is eligible for transfer under this compact to relocate to another state except as provided by these rules. Rule 2.110
“Relocate” –“ Relocate” means to remain in another state for more than 45 consecutive days in any 12 month period. Rule 1.101 definitions-Rule 2.110
“Offender” Adult who commits a criminal offense AND –Is subject to supervision; –Released to the community under jurisdiction of: Courts Paroling Authorities Corrections Other Criminal Justice Agencies; AND –meets eligibility requirements
“Supervision” Has 2 distinct criteria: –Oversight exercised by a controlling authority, which includes Courts, Parole Boards, etc… –Required to monitor regulations or conditions, other than monetary.
Eligible Offenders Must Transfer to Relocate Eligible OffendersNon-eligible Offenders All Felons Certain Misdemeanants (Rule 2.105) Next Slide Certain Misdemeanants (Rule 2.105) Deferred Sentences (Rule 2.106) Is there a finding of guilt? Has a plea been entered? Given up the right to trial? Those on work-release (Rule 2.107) Or released under furlough Or on a pre-parole program Those on a Pre-Trial Intervention Programs “Unsupervised” Offenders requiring monitoring Bench Probation Offenders released on bail
Eligible Misdemeanants Sentence = 1+ years of supervision AND Instant Offense includes one or more: Person incurred direct or threatened physical or psychological harm. 2 nd or subsequent offense of driving while impaired by drugs or alcohol Use or possession of a firearm involved. Sex offense requiring registration in the sending state Rule 2.105
2 Types of Transfers Mandatory – if the offender meets the criteria to transfer, the receiving state MUST accept supervision Discretionary – Offenders not eligible for mandatory transfer Sending state must justify “WHY” Receiving state has the discretion to accept or reject supervision
Transfer Requirements Decision to transfer is solely at the discretion of the sending state. An Offender shall be eligible and the receiving state shall accept transfer, if the offender: a)Has more than 90 days of supervision remaining; and b)Has a valid plan of supervision; and c)Is in substantial compliance in the sending state; and d)Is a Resident of the Receiving State; or e)(1) has resident family in receiving state who are willing to assist and have the ability to assist. and, (2) can obtain employment or has means of support Rule 3.101
Reasons & Justification for Transfer Resident: inhabited one year prior to offense Resident Family: Parent, grandparent, aunt, uncle, adult child, adult sibling, spouse, legal guardian, or step-parent –Inhabited receiving state for 180 calendar days Employment Transfer: At the direction of employer as a condition of maintaining employment Rule 3.101, 3.101-1 & 3.101-2
Discretionary Transfers Provide sufficient documentation to justify the requested transfer. The receiving state has the discretion to accept or reject the transfer of supervision in a manner consistent with the purpose of the compact –Public Safety –Rehabilitation of Offenders Rule 3.101-2
Is there a difference between the criteria for a Transfer Request and the criteria for Reporting Instructions?
Reporting Instructions Reporting Instructions Offender must qualify for Reporting Instructions
Reporting Instructions for Sex Offenders Living in the Receiving State at the Time of Sentencing Rule 3.103 applies except for the following: –5 business days to respond Invalid residence – may deny Reporting Instructions –Travel permits are NOT permitted w/o approved Reporting Instructions Rule 3.101-3
Living in Receiving State vs. Compact Definition of Resident Mandatory RI’s for Living in Receiving State Mandatory Transfer for ‘Resident’ The offender currently lives in the receiving state when sentenced to probation in the sending state and needs to go home after sentencing. The offender must have lived in the receiving state for at least one continuous year prior to committing the offense in the sending state
Notices of Departure & Arrival Fastest Processes in ICOTS! Sending StateReceiving State NOD when offender departs NOA when offender arrives and reports as instructed. Officer becomes the ‘supervising user’ in ICOTS Failed to Report? Submit a NOA and follow up with a Case Closure Notice Rule 4.105
Liability Liable is defined by Webster as “Legally obligated; responsible…” All compact member states can be held liable for circumventing or violating the ICAOS rules. ICAOS rules are federal law and there is a legal obligation to follow and enforce the rules as written.
Transfer of Offenders Advisory Opinion 3-2004 –Once an application has been made under the Compact an offender may not travel to the Receiving State without the Receiving State’s permission. Advisory Opinion 9-2006 –States which allow eligible offenders to transfer to the receiving state prior to the investigation being completed are in violation of the Compact. Rule 3.102(b) & Rule 2.110
Scenario #1 The sentencing court in my state has sentenced an offender to “informal probation” (bench probation) on a felony conviction for POSSESSION OF A CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE which includes standard conditions of community service work and counseling. Because the offender has been placed on informal probation to the court, this case does not fall under the transfer requirements of the Interstate Compact. a)True b)False
Scenario #2 I am the supervising officer for a felony offender that has been court ordered to attend substance abuse treatment in an out-of-state treatment facility. Since the program is only three months long and the court has ordered the treatment, I may give him a travel permit that allows him attend the program without triggering the rules of the compact. a)True b)False
Scenario #3 An offender commits a crime in the sending state and then moves to another state with the court’s permission during the sentencing process. The offender returns to the sending state for sentencing and receives three years probation. The sending state can mark “resident” as the reason for transfer on the transfer request. a)True b)False
Scenario #4 An offender convicted and sentenced to a three year term of supervision for a misdemeanor DUI/DWI who has a prior misdemeanor DUI/DWI conviction from five years ago, is subject to the Interstate Compact rules. a)True b)False
Scenario #5 Following approved reporting instructions and/or an approved transfer request, the offender departs and the sending state submits a notice of departure in ICOTS. Should the offender fail to report in the receiving state as instructed, the receiving state should: a)Submit a compact action request to the sending state advising that the offender has failed to report as instructed. b)Submit a Notice of Arrival to the sending state, indicate the failure to report, and follow up with a case closure notice. c)Keep the case open until the offender shows up and reports to their officer in the receiving state. d)Do nothing. The offender will show up when he is good and ready.