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Published bySydney Daniels
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The term meaning a 2/3 vote can end a filibuster
What is the term for an appellate court sending a case back to a lower court for further action.
What is the term meaning the senate has the ability to approve a presidential appointment?
Which courts use witnesses during trial?
How does one become a federal judge?
Term that means a majority of evidence supports a decision by jury in a civil case (majority rule, rather than unanimous decision).
Preponderance of Evidence
One reason for objection in a court – statement based on what one has heard, rather than on any solid evidence.
In a court, a motion made against a testimony or evidence.
What is jurisdiction?
Authority or dominion over a case
Action in which an executive can remove the parts of a bill.
Which court in the United States is the highest authority?
What is the term for the ability of the Supreme Court to review bills for constitutionality?
During what Supreme Court case did the court gain the ability of judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
Which federal court has original jurisdiction?
What is the role of a court in a criminal case?
What type of decisions are made in an appellate court?
Reviews of lower courts
Committee action in which a bill is put off to the side, ignored, and likely to die.
What types of civil cases are handled by the federal court?
Private parties Private parties v. Govt US v. state/local government
A judge who is often in a lower court. Often appointed by federal judges.
How many state court systems are in America?
How many district courts are in the US?
At least one per state. (89; 94 including territories)
What does a judge in a federal court base their opinions on?
What is the tenure of a federal judge?
Of which branch of government are the US Marshals a part?
What is the duty of a US Marshal
Serve as enforcement agency within judicial branch
What is the term that means to take legal action?
When a court orders a party to do/not do something.
A document used pre-trial as a means of stating an argument.
What type of decisions are made by an appellate court?
When discussing a federal court, what is an “opinion”?
When a decision in a legal dispute has been made outside the court.
In a civil dispute, when should a person choose to take a case to trial?
AS A LAST RESORT!
Action in which a member of the senate speaks ad nauseam as a means of keeping a bill from passing.
Jurisdiction in which multiple courts are able to decide on a matter within the same territory.
During an examination, when a witness is given a chance to address points made during a cross-examination.
Governing whether, how, when, and for what purpose evidence is to be used.
Rule of evidence
A legal document calling a person into court.
This refers to the sole power of a court to adjudicate a case.
To solve a dispute through use of a third party.
Who is the only president to have ever served as a Supreme Court Chief Justice?
William Howard Taft
How many justices are in the Supreme Court?
1 Chief Justice + 8 Associate Justices
Who was the first black Supreme Court Justice?
Who is our current Supreme Court Chief Justice?
Who is the first female member of the Supreme Court?
Sandra Day O’Connor
In what types of cases does the Supreme Court have final authority?
Constitution Acts of Congress Treaties with other nations
Who approves the budget set by the OMD?
In what situations does Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?
Diplomats from foreign countries Disputes between states
What are the powers of the Supreme Court?
Judicial Review Interpreting Laws Review any federal, state, or local law/action for constitutionality Nullify or cancel laws found unconstitutional
How does someone become a member of the Supreme Court?
Appointment by President
How long is the term of a Supreme Court justice?
What are some reasons for this lifelong term?
Kept free from political influence
What are some reasons a person may be rejected from a Supreme Court position?
Qualifications Political philosophies
What does the 25 th Amendment do?
Line of presidential succession.
Who is the only president to have ignored a Supreme Court ruling?
Which president served more than 2 terms?
With what were presidential terms limited?
22 nd Amendment
What 3 qualifications are necessary to become president?
35 years old 14 years residency Natural born citizen
What is the system by which the government is run, including non- elected officials.
List in order, the first 5 people in the line of presidential succession.
President Vice-President Speaker of the House President Pro-Tempore Secretary of State
Power granted to the president to execute a proclamation with full force of the law
Who is the Commander in Chief?
What are the duties of the Commander in Chief?
Leader of armed forces
How often is the State of the Union address made?
Who gives the State of the Union address?
What is the system by which a president appoints their supporters to positions in the government?
What is a type of pardon, often given before a person even goes to trial, often for political offenses?
What is the title of the position of the President’s assistant?
Chief of Staff
What is the OMB?
Office of Management and Budget
How many departments are in the executive branch?
The secretaries of each of these departments make up what group?
Which department collects taxes?
Treasury Department (IRS)
Which department has 3 branches which protect our nation?
Department of Defense (Army, Navy/Marines, Air Force)
Which department handles the National Parks?
Which department deals with soil conservation?
Department of Agriculture
Which department handles passports?
Which department handles Race to the Top?
Department of Education
Which department includes the Secret Service?
Department of Homeland Security
What is the money used for collateral in a criminal case when a person is released from jail to await trial?
What is it called when an accused person in a trial agrees to a lesser charge in order to forego trial?
Where are cases involving minors typically held?
Who decides if formal charges will be filed in a case?
What happens in a criminal case when a jury is unable to reach a unanimous decision?
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