11The US Judicial System - Key Questions Who creates federal courts and specifies # of judges?How long do federal judges serve and how are they selected?Who creates state courts and specifies number of judges?What types of cases have original jurisdiction in federal court?What types of cases are heard in state court?What jurisdiction do federal appellate courts have?What types of US Courts are there? How many of each? What is the jurisdiction of each? How many judges/justices in each?*
12Judicial System – Dispute resolution How do most civil cases end?How do most criminal cases end?What enforcement power do the courts have?
13http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/fr ontline/shows/plea/view/ Frontline – The Pleaontline/shows/plea/view/Run from
14Supreme Court Cases – key terms Judicial reviewMarbury v. MadisonWrit of certiorariaka “granting cert” or “denying cert”Rule of fourPolitical questionsJudicial activismJudicial restraintAmicus Curaie BriefStare DecisisSolicitor GeneralOral ArgumentConferenceMajority opinionConcurring OpinionDissenting opinion
15Supreme Court - Key Questions How are Supreme Court Cases different from lower court cases?What cases have original jurisdiction in the Supreme Court?What percent of appeals are granted cert?What is the process of granting cert?What cases are more likely to receive cert?What is the impact of a denial of cert?What takes place in an oral argument?What is the role of stare decisis?What takes place in conference?How is the opinion writing assigned? What is the role of the majority opinion? The dissenting opinion?Who are the nine current Supreme Court Justices? Is the court today considered to be liberal or conservative and why?