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The US Judicial System. Unit IV: Institutions of Government: Congress, Presidency, Bureaucracy, Courts (35-45%)

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Presentation on theme: "The US Judicial System. Unit IV: Institutions of Government: Congress, Presidency, Bureaucracy, Courts (35-45%)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The US Judicial System

2 Unit IV: Institutions of Government: Congress, Presidency, Bureaucracy, Courts (35-45%)

3 The Judicial Branch of Government What is its function? How is it different from other two? Snyder v. Phelps (2011)

4 What are the facts of the Westboro case? What was the outcome? What does this tell you?

5 The Judicial Branch – Basic terms ● Litigation ● Standing to sue ● Class action suit ● Attorney ● American Bar Association ● US Attorney (district attorney) ● Plaintiff ● Defendant ● In forma pauperis ● Judge /Justice ● Magistrate ● En banc ● Grand Jury ● Indictment ● Jury ● Civil case ● Criminal Case ● jurisdiction ● Tort ● Brief ● Settlement ● Plea Bargain ● Remedy ● Appeal ● Habeas Corpus

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8 VA State Court Jurisdiction

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11 The US Judicial System - Key Questions ● Who creates federal courts and specifies # of judges? ● How long do federal judges serve and how are they selected? ● Who creates state courts and specifies number of judges? ● What types of cases have original jurisdiction in federal court? ● What types of cases are heard in state court? ● What jurisdiction do federal appellate courts have? ● What types of US Courts are there? How many of each? What is the jurisdiction of each? How many judges/justices in each?

12 Judicial System – Dispute resolution How do most civil cases end? How do most criminal cases end? What enforcement power do the courts have?

13 Frontline – The Plea ontline/shows/plea/view/ Run from

14 Supreme Court Cases – key terms ● Judicial review ● Marbury v. Madison ● Writ of certiorari aka “granting cert” or “denying cert” ● Rule of four ● Political questions ● Judicial activism ● Judicial restraint ● Amicus Curaie Brief ● Stare Decisis ● Solicitor General ● Oral Argument ● Conference ● Majority opinion ● Concurring Opinion ● Dissenting opinion

15 Supreme Court - Key Questions ● How are Supreme Court Cases different from lower court cases? ● What cases have original jurisdiction in the Supreme Court? ● What percent of appeals are granted cert? ● What is the process of granting cert? ● What cases are more likely to receive cert? ● What is the impact of a denial of cert? ● What takes place in an oral argument? ● What is the role of stare decisis? ● What takes place in conference? ● How is the opinion writing assigned? What is the role of the majority opinion? The dissenting opinion? ● Who are the nine current Supreme Court Justices? Is the court today considered to be liberal or conservative and why?

16 US Supreme Court ●

17 US Supreme Court – three Videos ● SCOTUS parts 1, 2, and 3 YouTube SCOTUS parts 1, 2, and 3 YouTube

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19 The Current US Supreme Court ● of_the_United_States of_the_United_States

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21 The Courts (Unit IV)


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