Presentation on theme: "The US Judicial System. Unit IV: Institutions of Government: Congress, Presidency, Bureaucracy, Courts (35-45%)"— Presentation transcript:
The US Judicial System
Unit IV: Institutions of Government: Congress, Presidency, Bureaucracy, Courts (35-45%)
The Judicial Branch of Government What is its function? How is it different from other two? Snyder v. Phelps (2011)
What are the facts of the Westboro case? What was the outcome? What does this tell you?
The Judicial Branch – Basic terms ● Litigation ● Standing to sue ● Class action suit ● Attorney ● American Bar Association ● US Attorney (district attorney) ● Plaintiff ● Defendant ● In forma pauperis ● Judge /Justice ● Magistrate ● En banc ● Grand Jury ● Indictment ● Jury ● Civil case ● Criminal Case ● jurisdiction ● Tort ● Brief ● Settlement ● Plea Bargain ● Remedy ● Appeal ● Habeas Corpus
VA State Court Jurisdiction http://www.courts.state.va.us/courts/home.html
The US Judicial System - Key Questions ● Who creates federal courts and specifies # of judges? ● How long do federal judges serve and how are they selected? ● Who creates state courts and specifies number of judges? ● What types of cases have original jurisdiction in federal court? ● What types of cases are heard in state court? ● What jurisdiction do federal appellate courts have? ● What types of US Courts are there? How many of each? What is the jurisdiction of each? How many judges/justices in each?
Judicial System – Dispute resolution How do most civil cases end? How do most criminal cases end? What enforcement power do the courts have?
Frontline – The Plea http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/fr ontline/shows/plea/view/ Run from
Supreme Court Cases – key terms ● Judicial review ● Marbury v. Madison ● Writ of certiorari aka “granting cert” or “denying cert” ● Rule of four ● Political questions ● Judicial activism ● Judicial restraint ● Amicus Curaie Brief ● Stare Decisis ● Solicitor General ● Oral Argument ● Conference ● Majority opinion ● Concurring Opinion ● Dissenting opinion
Supreme Court - Key Questions ● How are Supreme Court Cases different from lower court cases? ● What cases have original jurisdiction in the Supreme Court? ● What percent of appeals are granted cert? ● What is the process of granting cert? ● What cases are more likely to receive cert? ● What is the impact of a denial of cert? ● What takes place in an oral argument? ● What is the role of stare decisis? ● What takes place in conference? ● How is the opinion writing assigned? What is the role of the majority opinion? The dissenting opinion? ● Who are the nine current Supreme Court Justices? Is the court today considered to be liberal or conservative and why?
US Supreme Court ● http://www.supremecourt.gov/ http://www.supremecourt.gov/
US Supreme Court – three Videos ● SCOTUS parts 1, 2, and 3 YouTube SCOTUS parts 1, 2, and 3 YouTube
The Current US Supreme Court ● http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_ of_the_United_States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_ of_the_United_States