Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18.1 The National Judiciary. A Dual Court System There are two separate court systems The Supreme Court is the top of both court systems National."— Presentation transcript:
A Dual Court System There are two separate court systems The Supreme Court is the top of both court systems National Court System Constitutional Courts Inferior Courts Over 100 Courts State Court System 1000s of Local and state courts Vast majority of court cases seen in local court
What court has jurisdiction Judiciary Act of 1789 Created the Modern Day Court System State or Federal or both If the question raises a federal question then it is tried under the federal courts Case involving a federal crime Case challenging constitution or act of congress Case involving a state vs. another state etc… Exclusive vs. Concurrent Jurisdiction vs. State jurisdiction Exclusive Jurisdiction Concurrent Jurisdiction State Jurisdiction
The impact of judicial philosophy. Judges interpret the law How a judge interprets the law most likely reflects their political philosophy Liberal Democrat Conservative Republican Presidents tend to select candidates who align with their personal philosophy The original meaning of the constitution plays into the argument Judicial Restraint Original Intent Precedent Defer policy judgments to congress Judicial Activism Decisions and interoperation of constitution should reflect changes in society Social, Cultural, Moral, Technological, Etc… Change
1.Define Inferior Courts 2.Define Jurisdiction 3.Define Concurrent Jurisdiction 4.Define Plaintiff 5.Define Defendant 6.Define Original Jurisdiction 7.Define Appellate Jurisdiction 8.Define Judicial Restraint 9.Define Judicial Activism 10.What are the six reason a case may be tried in a federal court? 11.How are appellate courts different then trial courts? 12.Who nominates federal judges? 13.Who confirms federal judges? 14.What are the constitutional requirements for a federal judge? 15.What type of experience do federal judges typically have? 16.How long are supreme court justices appointed for?
The Supreme Court Types of Federal Courts The Constitutional Courts The Special Courts Define Constitutional Courts? Define Special Courts? List each of the inferior courts. The Inferior courts Define Inferior Courts? Define Each of the Courts and list how many there are?