2 A Dual Court SystemThere are two separate court systemsThe Supreme Court is the top of both court systemsNational Court SystemConstitutional CourtsInferior CourtsOver 100 CourtsState Court System1000s of Local and state courtsVast majority of court cases seen in local court
3 What court has jurisdiction Judiciary Act of 1789Created the Modern Day Court SystemState or Federal or bothIf the question raises a federal question then it is tried under the federal courtsCase involving a federal crimeCase challenging constitution or act of congressCase involving a state vs. another stateetc…Exclusive vs. Concurrent Jurisdiction vs. State jurisdictionExclusive JurisdictionConcurrent JurisdictionState Jurisdiction
4 The impact of judicial philosophy. Judges interpret the lawHow a judge interprets the law most likely reflects their political philosophyLiberal DemocratConservative RepublicanPresidents tend to select candidates who align with their personal philosophyThe original meaning of the constitution plays into the argumentJudicial RestraintOriginal IntentPrecedentDefer policy judgments to congressJudicial ActivismDecisions and interoperation of constitution should reflect changes in societySocial, Cultural, Moral, Technological, Etc… Change
5 Define Inferior Courts Define JurisdictionDefine Concurrent JurisdictionDefine PlaintiffDefine DefendantDefine Original JurisdictionDefine Appellate JurisdictionDefine Judicial RestraintDefine Judicial ActivismWhat are the six reason a case may be tried in a federal court?How are appellate courts different then trial courts?Who nominates federal judges?Who confirms federal judges?What are the constitutional requirements for a federal judge?What type of experience do federal judges typically have?How long are supreme court justices appointed for?
6 Types of Federal Courts The Supreme Court The Inferior courtsThe Constitutional CourtsThe Special CourtsDefine Inferior Courts?Define Constitutional Courts?Define Special Courts?List each of the inferior courts.Define Each of the Courts and list how many there are?