PARTY TIME - 300 The requirement that plaintiffs must have a serious interest in a case which depends on whether they have sustained or are likely to sustain a direct and substantial injury from a party or from an action of government
Party Time - 400 Of these, the most likely plaintiff if a lawyer from the Justice Department is arguing the case for the defense: a.An official of the US governmentAn official of the US government b.A high official of one of the statesA high official of one of the states c.An individual accused of an illegal action against a stateAn individual accused of an illegal action against a state d.An individual accused of a federal crimeAn individual accused of a federal crime e.An individual or group involved in a civil lawsuit against the U.S. governmentAn individual or group involved in a civil lawsuit against the U.S. government
PARTY TIME - 400 What is e. “ An individual or group involved in a civil lawsuit against the U.S. government”?
PARTY TIME - 500 “Friend of the Court” briefs filed by interested parties which are not party to the suit
PARTY TIME - 500 What are amicus curiae briefs?
Just in Case - 100 The power of judicial review was first used in John Marshall’s majority opinion in this case
Principle Things - 400 Issues which are more appropriately decided by Congress and the president
Principle Things - 400 What are political questions?
Principle Things - 500 Judicial philosophy reflected in this statement: “Where there is ambiguity as to the precise meaning or reach of a constitutional provision, it should be interpreted and applied in a manner so as to at least not contradict the text of the Constitution itself.”
Principle Things - 500 What is judicial restraint?
Terms - 100 The view that the Constitution should be interpreted according to the founders’ purpose
Jurisdiction - 100 Court which would have original jurisdiction in a case in which one state is suing another: a.The plaintiff state’s Supreme CourtThe plaintiff state’s Supreme Court b.The defendant state’s Supreme CourtThe defendant state’s Supreme Court c.A U.S. District CourtA U.S. District Court d.A U.S. Court of AppealsA U.S. Court of Appeals e.The Supreme CourtThe Supreme Court
Jurisdiction - 100 What is e. The Supreme Court?
Jurisdiction - 200 Situation in which the Supreme Court holds original jurisdiction: a.Criminal intentCriminal intent b.Civil cases over $500,000Civil cases over $500,000 c.The US as a partyThe US as a party d.Cases affecting ambassadors & ministersCases affecting ambassadors & ministers e.Cases w/ parties from different statesCases w/ parties from different states
Jurisdiction - 200 What is d. Cases affecting ambassadors & ministers ?
Jurisdiction - 300 Work horses of the federal system, it has only original jurisdiction and is interested in questions of fact only
Jurisdiction - 300 What are the district courts?
Jurisdiction - 400 Interested in statutory interpretation and constitutional questions, they hear appeals from the federal district courts
Jurisdiction - 400 What are the Courts of Appeal?
Jurisdiction - 500 Established by Congress in 1982, it has 12 judges and specializes in patent cases, but has no original jurisdiction in any cases
Jurisdiction - 500 What is the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit?
Who’s Who - 100 Arguably more powerful than age and experience might allow, they read cert petitions and write the memos which Supreme Court justices use as a basis for deciding which cases to hear