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JEOPARDY #1 - Ch. 16. PARTY TIME Just In Case Principle Things TermsJurisdictionWho’s Who 100 200 300 400 500.

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Presentation on theme: "JEOPARDY #1 - Ch. 16. PARTY TIME Just In Case Principle Things TermsJurisdictionWho’s Who 100 200 300 400 500."— Presentation transcript:

1 JEOPARDY #1 - Ch. 16

2 PARTY TIME Just In Case Principle Things TermsJurisdictionWho’s Who 100 200 300 400 500

3 PARTY TIME - 100 1. The parties 2. The party who complains 3. The party against whom a complaint is made

4 PARTY TIME - 100 What are the litigants, the plaintiff, and the defendant?

5 PARTY TIME- 200 Period of time after which “the party’s over” for a party’s oral argument before the Supreme Court

6 PARTY TIME - 200 What is 30 minutes?

7 PARTY TIME - 300 The requirement that plaintiffs must have a serious interest in a case which depends on whether they have sustained or are likely to sustain a direct and substantial injury from a party or from an action of government

8 PARTY TIME - 300 What is standing to sue?

9 Party Time - 400 Of these, the most likely plaintiff if a lawyer from the Justice Department is arguing the case for the defense: a.An official of the US governmentAn official of the US government b.A high official of one of the statesA high official of one of the states c.An individual accused of an illegal action against a stateAn individual accused of an illegal action against a state d.An individual accused of a federal crimeAn individual accused of a federal crime e.An individual or group involved in a civil lawsuit against the U.S. governmentAn individual or group involved in a civil lawsuit against the U.S. government

10 PARTY TIME - 400 What is e. “ An individual or group involved in a civil lawsuit against the U.S. government”?

11 PARTY TIME - 500 “Friend of the Court” briefs filed by interested parties which are not party to the suit

12 PARTY TIME - 500 What are amicus curiae briefs?

13 Just in Case - 100 The power of judicial review was first used in John Marshall’s majority opinion in this case

14 Just in Case - 100 What is Marbury v. Madison?

15 Just in Case - 200 Term for cases involving citizens of different states

16 Just in Case - 200 What are diversity cases?

17 Just in Case - 300 The usual way a case gets to the Supreme Court is through the granting of one of these

18 Just in Case - 300 What is a writ of certiorari?

19 Just in Case - 400 It’s the rule which determines whether or not the Court will hear a case

20 Just in Case - 400 What is the Rule of 4?

21 Just in Case - 500 It’s the motion filed by a mendicant who lacks the fee for filing a case

22 Just in Case - 500 What is in forma pauperis?

23 Principle Things - 100 Presidents generally honor the principle of senatorial courtesy in appointing judges to these courts

24 Principle Things - 100 What are district courts?

25 Principle Things - 200 The use of previous decisions in similar cases as a basis for judgment in a current case

26 Principle Things - 200 What is legal precedent?

27 Principle Things - 300 The practice of letting established precedents stand and deciding court cases with reference to those previous decisions

28 Principle Things - 300 What is stare decisis?

29 Principle Things - 400 Issues which are more appropriately decided by Congress and the president

30 Principle Things - 400 What are political questions?

31 Principle Things - 500 Judicial philosophy reflected in this statement: “Where there is ambiguity as to the precise meaning or reach of a constitutional provision, it should be interpreted and applied in a manner so as to at least not contradict the text of the Constitution itself.”

32 Principle Things - 500 What is judicial restraint?

33 Terms - 100 The view that the Constitution should be interpreted according to the founders’ purpose

34 Terms - 100 What is original intent?

35 Terms - 200 Lawsuits filed by a small number of plaintiffs on behalf of a much larger number of individuals who have suffered similar injury

36 Terms - 200 What is a class action suit??

37 Terms - 300 The one is segregation by law and the other is in actual fact

38 Terms - 300 What are de jure and de facto?

39 Terms - 400 Whether or not a case presents a real controversy in which a judicial decision can have a practical effect

40 Terms - 400 What is mootness?

41 Terms - 500 Whether or not the issues of a case are clear enough and evolved enough (time is right) to serve as the basis for a decision or a fruit is ready to eat

42 Terms - 500 Who is ripeness?

43 Jurisdiction - 100 Court which would have original jurisdiction in a case in which one state is suing another: a.The plaintiff state’s Supreme CourtThe plaintiff state’s Supreme Court b.The defendant state’s Supreme CourtThe defendant state’s Supreme Court c.A U.S. District CourtA U.S. District Court d.A U.S. Court of AppealsA U.S. Court of Appeals e.The Supreme CourtThe Supreme Court

44 Jurisdiction - 100 What is e. The Supreme Court?

45 Jurisdiction - 200 Situation in which the Supreme Court holds original jurisdiction: a.Criminal intentCriminal intent b.Civil cases over $500,000Civil cases over $500,000 c.The US as a partyThe US as a party d.Cases affecting ambassadors & ministersCases affecting ambassadors & ministers e.Cases w/ parties from different statesCases w/ parties from different states

46 Jurisdiction - 200 What is d. Cases affecting ambassadors & ministers ?

47 Jurisdiction - 300 Work horses of the federal system, it has only original jurisdiction and is interested in questions of fact only

48 Jurisdiction - 300 What are the district courts?

49 Jurisdiction - 400 Interested in statutory interpretation and constitutional questions, they hear appeals from the federal district courts

50 Jurisdiction - 400 What are the Courts of Appeal?

51 Jurisdiction - 500 Established by Congress in 1982, it has 12 judges and specializes in patent cases, but has no original jurisdiction in any cases

52 Jurisdiction - 500 What is the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit?

53 Who’s Who - 100 Arguably more powerful than age and experience might allow, they read cert petitions and write the memos which Supreme Court justices use as a basis for deciding which cases to hear

54 Who’s Who - 100 Law clerks

55 Who’s Who - 200 Prosecutor nominated by the president and confirmed by the senate for each of the 94 federal district courts

56 Who’s Who - 200 Who is the U.S. Attorney?

57 Who’s Who - 300 Members of this committee consider the president’s judicial nominees

58 Who’s Who - 300 What is the Senate Judiciary Committee?

59 Who’s Who - 400 #3 in the Justice Department, he or she argues cases for the government before the Supreme Court

60 Who’s Who - 400 Who is the Solicitor General?

61 Who’s Who - 500 Since clerks are not allowed in, he or she opens the door during the conference

62 Who’s Who - 500 What is the most junior justice?

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