Presentation on theme: "Page 67 What do you call a sleeping bull? A bulldozer!"— Presentation transcript:
Page 67 What do you call a sleeping bull? A bulldozer!
Lesson Title: The Judicial System SOL: 10a Essential Knowledge /Question: How are federal and state courts organized, and what jurisdiction does each one exercise? Higher Level Question for Rigor: Why is it so important for each citizen to fulfill their civic duty by serving on a jury if called upon? Bloom’s Taxonomy: comprehension, knowledge, analysis Materials: slot notes, ppt including brain pop video Vocabulary: jurisdiction, appellate, original jurisdiction, appellate jurisdiction, U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. Court of Appeals, U.S. District Court, Virginia Supreme Court, Virginia Court of Appeals, Circuit Court, General District Court Procedures / Instructional Strategies: define terms, ppt presentation with slot notes Learning Styles Addressed: kinesthetic, visual, auditory Differentiation: Assessment: quiz on the defined words tomorrow
Which fundamental political principle means that the government and those who govern are bound by the law?
Which early document established the first written plan of government for the U.S.?
Which purpose of the government according to the Preamble is illustrated here?
Who may propose an amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution defines citizenship and protects due process rights from actions of the states?
Which First Amendment freedom is illustrated here?
List three of your four civic duties.
Where do we find differences between the political parties?
Why did Congress write campaign finance reform laws?
How many days before the general election is voter registration closed in Virginia?
The judicial function is exercised in a dual court system, which consists of state courts and federal courts.
The United States has a separate court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from the Constitution of the United States of America and federal laws.
Virginia, like each of the other forty- nine states, has its own court system whose organization and jurisdiction are derived from Virginia’s constitution and state laws.
United States Court System
United States Supreme Court Justices / no jury Jurisdiction: Appellate and Limited Original
U.S. Court of Appeals Justices / no jury Jurisdiction: Appellate
U.S. District Court Judge with juries Jurisdiction: Original for felony criminal cases
Virginia Court System
Virginia Supreme Court Justices / no jury Court of final appeal (Appellate jurisdiction) Limited original jurisdiction
Court of Appeals of Virginia Judges / no jury Appellate jurisdiction – reviews decisions of circuit courts
Circuit Court Judge and jury Original jurisdiction for felony criminal cases and for certain civil cases Appellate jurisdiction from general district courts.
General District Court and Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court Judge / no jury Original jurisdiction of misdemeanors and civil cases generally involving lower dollar amounts and original jurisdiction in juvenile and family cases
Why is it important for each citizen to fulfill their civic duty by serving on a jury if called upon?
On the left-hand side of your notebook, write these words and their definitions from the textbook. You need to understand these terms in order to understand this unit! 1)Plaintiff14) Lawsuit 2)Defendant15) Jury of peers 3)Original jurisdiction16) Due process of law 4)Appeal 5)Appellate jurisdiction 6)Felony 7)Misdemeanor 8)Civil law 9)Criminal law 10)Probable cause 11)Warrant 12)Arraignment 13)Bail