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The Judicial Branch The Supreme Court and other federal courts.

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Presentation on theme: "The Judicial Branch The Supreme Court and other federal courts."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Judicial Branch The Supreme Court and other federal courts

2 I. Introduction to the Judicial Branch A.The Role of the Judicial Branch: Interpret the Law –The difference between _________________________________ _________________________________ ____________________________ means is the courts responsibility –“Laws are dead letters” without interpretation

3 B. The Dual Court System: Federal and State Courts Responsibility Supreme Court US Federal Court of Appeals US Federal District Court PA State Supreme Court PA State Court of Appeals Superior Inferior MunicipalJustice

4 What is this case an example of? GDBAOYE

5 C. Difference Between Criminal and Civil Cases 1.Criminal cases involve the breaking of a law - Law: ___________________________________ - crossing over such a limit can _______________________________________ _______________________________________

6 2. Civil cases are _________________________________________ _________________________________________ - verdict can result in _________________________________________ __________________________________, depending what side you are on 3. Plaintiff v. Defense in both criminal and civil cases -Plaintiff: _______________________________________ -Defense: _______________________________

7 II. The Constitutional Courts A.Article III of the Constitution establishes: 1. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ 2.That the Judicial Powers of the U.S, _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

8 B. Jurisdiction: ___________________________________ ___________________________________ 1.Federal Court Jurisdiction a.Constitution is specifically broken b.Federal Statutes c.Admiralty / Maritime Law 2.Litigant Jurisdiction: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ a.The U.S. or officer of the U.S. b.A Foreign Government -or citizen c. State v. State

9 d.Citizen of one state v. Citizen of another state 3. Types of Jurisdiction a.Exclusive: only one court, usually, has jurisdiction b.Concurrent: can go to both state or federal court c.Original: the authority to hear the case in the 1 st instance d.Appellate: authority of a court to hear a case on appeal or review the decision of a lower court –Error in lower court or question of law

10 III. The U.S. Supreme Court

11 Article Three E A F H CD I B Powers given to the Judicial branch. G

12 A. Jurisdiction 1.Hears most cases on appeals from: a. Federal Appellate Courts b. Federal Legislative Appellate Courts (special courts) C. State Supreme Courts 2. Caseload a. Requested to hear __________________________ b. court accepts __________________________________________ __________________________________________

13 B. The Role of the Supreme Court 1.) to “secure national rights” assure or protect the rights that belong to the people 2.) to guarantee uniformity Bottom Line: ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ C. U.S. Supreme Court Procedure 1. The annual session a. dates: 9 mo. period, starting the 1 st Monday in October b. Schedule: 2 weeks in session, 2 weeks recess

14 2. Presentation of Cases a. Schedule: Mon-Thurs b. Lawyers: already submitted briefs and judges are ready to discuss and ask questions c. Oral Arguments: 1hr each, justices interrupt and ask questions and make points 3. The Conference a. Schedule: Friday b. Private: nobody but justices, no official record c. Procedure: open discussion and debate, then vote

15 4. The Opinions of the Court: a. Schedule: Announced Monday b. __________________________________________ __________________________________________ c.__________________________________________ D. Jobs a.Justice - ________________________________________________ __________________________________ -background: lawyer, law professor, lower court judge -term: ___________________________________ -Associate Compensation: $213,900 -Chief Justice Compensation: $223,500 c. The U.S. Attorney: lawyer for the U.S.

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