3 A. Federal Judicial Districts Describe the structure and jurisdiction of the federal district courts.A. Federal Judicial Districts1) Each State forms at least one judicial district.2) There are 94 federal judicial districts.3) Assigned territory is based on state boundaries.B. District Court Jurisdiction1) Criminal Cases -A defendant is tried for committing some action that Congress has declared by law to be a federal crime.2) Civil Cases-Involves some non-criminal matter.
4 A. The Court of Appeals – “Circuit Courts” II. Describe the structure and jurisdiction of the federal courts of appeals.A. The Court of Appeals – “Circuit Courts”B. Docket – list of cases to be heard.C. Created to relieve the Supreme Court of the burden of hearing most appeals.D. Appellate Court Jurisdiction – only has appellate jurisdiction.
5 A. The Court of International Trade III. Describe the structure and jurisdiction of the two other constitutional courts.A. The Court of International Trade1) Hears civil cases relating to trade and tariffs.B. The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit1) Created in 19822) Hears appeals in federal cases from across thecountry.3) Has nationwide jurisdiction.
8 Explain how a citizen may sue the government in the Court of Federal Claims. A. Redress1) Satisfaction of a claim (payment $$$)B. The United States Government can be sued only if it consents to be sued.
9 A. Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Northern Marians. II. Examine the roles of the territorial courts and of the District of Columbia courts.A. Virgin Islands, Guam, and theNorthern Marians.B. Territorial courts are comparable to local courts.C. District of Columbia1) Has a District Court and a Court of Appeals
10 C. The Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims III. Contrast the functions of the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces and the Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims.A. Court MartialA court consisting of military officers who try cases of violations of military law by members of the armed services.B. Civilian TribunalA court operating as part of the judicial branch, entirely separate from the military.C. The Court of Appeals for Veterans ClaimsHears cases in which individuals claim that the Veterans Affairs (VA) has denied or otherwise mishandled valid claims for veterans’ benefits.
11 IV. Explain what types of cases are brought to the Tax Court. A. The Tax Court only hears civil tax cases.B. Cases are generated by the IRS.