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UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power

2 -Federal courts, like other courts, apply the law to cases that come before them -Federal court cases may be civil, criminal or constitutional -Federal court jurisdiction (hearing only certain types of cases) is limited though -The 94 federal district courts have original jurisdiction--they are the first court to hear a case -The 12 federal courts of appeal have appellate jurisdiction — they only hear requests to have a higher court reverse the decision of a lower court Page 1 Federal Courts UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power

3 Page 2 UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power Study the Chart on page 212!

4 Page 3 UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power Study the Map on page 207!

5 -The Supreme Court (S.C.) has both original and appellate jurisdiction -The S.C. ’ s original jurisdiction is quite limited -The S.C. ’ s main work is hearing appeals from lower federal courts of appeal -The S.C. can also hear cases appealed from state supreme courts -Those cases must have directly to do with the Constitution or federal law Page 4 The U.S. Supreme Court UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power

6 -The Constitution left the S.C. ’ s powers quite vague -The Judiciary Act of 1789 was passed to clarify the federal court system, it: 1.Spell out specific powers of the federal court system 2.Created lower federal courts 3.Gave the S.C. the power to review state constitutions and laws as well as declare them unconstitutional -Marbury v. Madison establish the idea of judicial review, or the S.C. reviewing acts of Congress Page 5 The Powers of the Federal Courts UNIT #4 The Judicial Branch CHAPTER #11 The Federal Court System LESSON #2 Judicial Jurisdiction and Power


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