Presentation on theme: "The Federal and State Courts Notes for Chapter 8."— Presentation transcript:
The Federal and State Courts Notes for Chapter 8
Court’s Basic Structure US Supreme Court US Courts of Appeals Federal District Courts Other members of the federal judiciary
The Federal Courts Federal District Courts: –94 districts, at least one per state. –Nearest courthouse is Elizabeth City. –Are “work horses of the federal system.” Most cases heard here. –Only federal court where a jury trial is held. All others have bench trials.
The Federal Courts US Court of Appeals: –12 regular circuits. –Judges sit in panels of 3. –Hear only appeals. –NC in Circuit 4, centered in Richmond, VA. –The 13 th circuit or “Federal Circuit” was created in 1982 in Washington, DC to hear civil appeals from several courts & the Patent Office.
US Judicial Circuits
The Federal Courts Legislative Courts: Help Congress exercise its power. Have fixed terms for most judges: –US Claims Ct.: Hear money suits vs. US –US Tax Ct.: Hear civil disputes with IRS-Not criminal –Territorial Courts: Run like state courts. Territories are US Virgin Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, N. Marianas Islands. –DC Courts: Run like municipal courts in most large cities.
Other Members of the Judiciary Attorney General US District Attorneys US Marshalls Magistrates US Clerks of Court
Jurisdiction Road For each scenario, the group should answer each of the following questions in the section that corresponds to the number: a.Is it a criminal, civil or constitutional case? b.Is there exclusive or concurrent jurisdiction? c.What federal court has Original jurisdiction?
Chapter 8.3 Getting Appointed: (pp.246, 250-251) Process & Criteria Constitutional Requirements Structure of the Supreme Court: (p. 250) Do search of the current members Discuss the “Switch in time that saved 9” Powers of the Supreme Court: (pp. 250-53) Outline Constitutional wording Discuss Marbury v. Madison & quote in book Give examples of Judicial Review & importance Limits of the Supreme Court: (p. 253) Discuss today’s quote with Presidential checks Detail Congressional & Constitutional checks
Read 8.4. Take notes for p. 78: 1. Explain the ways cases reach the SCOTUS: original jurisdiction appellate jurisdiction rule of 4 2. Explain the steps in hearing a case: 3. Explain 2 reasons why the decisions of the Supreme Court is important: