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Presidency (Unit IV) ● What are the Constitutional Powers of the President? ● What are the informal roles of the President? ● Why do scholars argue that.

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Presentation on theme: "Presidency (Unit IV) ● What are the Constitutional Powers of the President? ● What are the informal roles of the President? ● Why do scholars argue that."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presidency (Unit IV) ● What are the Constitutional Powers of the President? ● What are the informal roles of the President? ● Why do scholars argue that the informal responsibilities are more important? ● How has the power of the Presidency grown over the years? ●

2 Unit IV: Institutions of Government: Congress, Presidency, Bureaucracy, Courts (35-45%)

3 Power of President vs. Congress The next 15 slides address this: Great resource on WPA:http://loufreyinstitute.org/ci vicsconnection/conversations/4/ 16http://loufreyinstitute.org/ci vicsconnection/conversations/4/ 16

4 PRESIDENT vs. CONGRESS The Struggle for Political Power

5 THREE CONSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS ● NATURAL BORN CITIZEN ● LIVED IN CONTINUOUSLY IN UNITEDSTATES FOR 14 YEARS ● 35 YEARS OLD

6 CONSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES ● COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF ● HEAD EXECUTIVE BRANCH ● NEGOTIATE TREATIES ● STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESSES ● MAKE APPOINTMENTS

7 INFORMAL ROLES OF PRESIDENT - MORE IMPORTANT CHIEF LAWMAKER PARTY LEADER CRISIS MANAGER RECRUITER MORALE BUILDER CHIEF DIPLOMAT

8 Current Events and the War Powers Resolution ica/13powers.html?_r=1

9 War Powers Act? ● frica/13powers.html?_r=2 frica/13powers.html?_r=2 ● ath-of-the-war-powers- act/2011/05/17/AF3Jh35G_story.html?hpid= z5 ath-of-the-war-powers- act/2011/05/17/AF3Jh35G_story.html?hpid= z lawmakers-quiet-on-war-powers- authority-in-libya-

10 WHAT DID THE FRAMERS ENVISION ROLE OF PRESIDENCY TO BE? Federalist #70 Alexander Hamilton

11 ARTHUR SCHLESINGER WROTE “THE IMPERIAL PRESIDENCY” POWER OF PRESIDENCY HAS GROWN IN MODERN TIMES - “PRESIDENT CAN RULE BY DECREE”

12 POWER OF PRESIDENCY HAS DOMINATED CONGRESS IN FOUR MAIN AREAS:

13 ONE: WAR POWERS ● President = Commander in Chief ● Congress declares war ● President Johnson persuades Congress to enact Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

14 WAR POWERS ACT ● ENACTED DURING NIXON’S ADMINISTRATION ● TROOPS ABROAD REQUIRE CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL (BTW DAYS) ● CONGRESS REASSERTING ITS AUTHORITY ● NIXON VETOED BILL ● CONGRESS OVERRIDES THE VETO

15 TWO: LEGISLATIVE POWERS ● CHIEF LAWMAKER ● VETO POWER ● FEWER THAN 3% OVERRIDDEN ● PRESIDENTAL SIGNING STATEMENTS – ● EXECUTIVE ORDERS (Korematsu v. US)

16 BUDGET MAKING ● PRESIDENT IS CENTRAL TO BUDGET MAKING PROCESS ● CONSTITUTION SAYS CONGRESS HAS POWER OF PURSE ● PRESIDENT IMPOUNDS FUNDS ● CONGRESS FIGHTS BACK FOR POWER

17 BUDGET IMPOUNDMENT CONTROL ACT (1974) ● CREATED THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE (CBO) ● GAVE CONGRESS THEIR OWN ECONOMIC ADVISORS ● MADE THE IMPOUNDMENT OF FUNDS MORE DIFFICULT

18 THREE: APPOINTEES ● CONFIRMING A CABINET USUALLY VERY EASY ● MANY WHITE HOUSE STAFF OFFICIALS (NATIONAL SECURITYADVISOR) DO NOT REQUIRE SENATE CONFIRMATION ● POLICY CZARS (OBAMA)

19 FOUR: FOREIGN AFFAIRS ● WITH GROWING NATIONAL SECURITY PRESIDENTS GAINED POWER OF EXECUTIVE PRIVILEDGE ● ALLOWS THEM TO WITHHOLD INFORMATION IN COURT INQUIRIES IF INFORMATION WOULD ENDANGER NATIONAL SECURITY ● US v. Nixon

20 TREATY MAKING ● CONSTITUTION REQUIRES SENATE RATIFICATION OF ALL TREATIES ● PRESIDENTS CAN MAKE “EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS” THAT HAVE THEEFFECT OF A TREATY (NO SENATE RATIFICATION REQUIRED)

21 CONCLUSION: ● POWER OF PRESIDENCY HAS GROWN OVER CONGRESS ● PRESIDENT CAN WAGE WAR ● PRESIDENT CAN LEGISLATE ● PRESIDENT CAN APPOINT ● PRESIDENT CAN DOMINATE FOREIGN AFFAIRS ● ALL WITH LITTLE INTERFERENCE FROM CONGRESS!

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