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Transplantation Timeline

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Presentation on theme: "Transplantation Timeline"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Transplantation Timeline
1905 – 1st TissueTransplant Corneal Transplant -Austrian surgeon Dr. Eduard Zirm gives sight back to Alois Glogar, a day laborer who had been blinded by accidentally burning his eyes with caustic lime. The transplanted cornea came from an 11-year-old boy and gave Glogar sight for the rest of his life.

3 Transplantation Timeline
1954 – 1st OrganTransplant A kidney transplant between 23-year-old identical twins, Richard & Ronald Herrick, one of who is dying from advanced glomerulonephritis, takes place at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston.

4 Transplantation Timeline
1983 – Cyclosporine The Food and Drug Administration approval of cyclosporine opens the door to the modern era of organ transplantation. What had been a marginally successful, experimental treatment - or just plain impossible – becomes routine.

5 Organs That Can Be Transplanted From a Deceased Donor
Heart Lungs Liver Kidneys Pancreas Small Intestine From a Deceased Donor

6 In December, 1997… As of November 1, 2013…
53,122 individuals were on the waiting list for all organs. As of November 1, 2013… 120,729 individuals were on the waiting list for all organs.

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8 On average, 18 people die each day in the United States because they do not get a transplant in time. 18 More than 6,000 people will die this year in the U.S. for lack of an available organ.

9 Need for Organ Donation in U.S.
The Essential Issue Need for Organ Donation in U.S. Waiting List as of June 4, 2010

10 # Actual Organ Donors/year approximately 8,000
Population of the U.S. 300,000,000 + Deaths in US each year 2,400,000+ Potential Organ Donors/year 12, ,000 # Actual Organ Donors/year approximately 8,000

11 Potential Organ Donors/year 12,000 - 14,000
Population of the U.S. 300,000,000 + Deaths in US each year 2,400,000+ Potential Organ Donors/year 12, ,000 # Actual Organ Donors/year approximately 8,000

12 LESS THAN 1% of everyone who dies can donate their organs

13 In order to be considered a potential organ donor when you die … You have to be dead but… Your heart has to be pumping blood to your organs ? ? ? ? ?

14 Brain Death

15 What does brain death mean?
What is Brain Death? Brain Death Is Death What does brain death mean? Brain death means there is no blood flow or oxygen to the brain, therefore the brain cannot function in any capacity and never will again. It does not mean that the other organs, such as the heart, lungs, kidneys, pancreas and liver are dead, although they may only function for a few days. Unless damaged by disease or injury, these organs may be used by another individual via organ transplant.

16 What else can be donated when someone dies ?

17 Almost Anyone Can Be A Tissue Donor
Tissues That Can Be Transplanted Corneas Almost Anyone Can Be A Tissue Donor Heart Valves Skin Femoral Veins Saphenous Veins Bone From a Deceased Donor Tendons & Ligaments

18 Organs & Tissues That Can Be Transplanted
Corneas Heart & Heart Valves Lungs Liver Kidneys Pancreas Intestines Femoral Veins Saphenous Veins Skin Bone From a Deceased Donor Tendons & Ligaments

19 A person dying of brain death can save the lives of up to 8 people
through organ donation and almost anyone can improve the lives of at least 50 people through tissue donation.

20 What can be donated while you are alive?
Living Donation What can be donated while you are alive?

21 Can Be Transplanted From a Living Donor
Organs That Can Be Transplanted From a Living Donor Kidney Part of the Liver

22 The liver is composed of 2 lobes – each having its own blood supply.

23 That can be surgically separated
55 to 60% 40 to 45%

24 within 3 – 4 months both livers will regenerate to a full size liver, but each will have only one lobe

25 You can also donate… Blood Bone marrow

26 What are some of the reasons that people think they cannot donate?
Myths & Misconceptions What are some of the reasons that people think they cannot donate?

27 “Donation is against my religion.”

28 “Donation is against my religion.”
“It’s impossible to have a regular funeral service following organ donation.”

29 “Donation is against my religion.”
“It’s impossible to have a regular funeral service following organ donation.” “If I am in an accident, and the hospital knows that I want to be a donor, they will withhold treatment and not attempt to save my life.”

30 “Donation is against my religion.”
“It’s impossible to have a regular funeral service following organ donation.” “If I am in an accident, and the hospital knows that I want to be a donor, they will withhold treatment and not attempt to save my life.” “Only famous or wealthy people get transplanted.”

31 “Donation is against my religion.”
“It’s impossible to have a regular funeral service following organ donation.” “If I am in an accident, and the hospital knows that I want to be a donor, they will withhold treatment and not attempt to save my life.” “Only famous or wealthy people get transplanted.” “Donation will be costly to my family.”

32 What steps should someone take if they want to be considered to be a potential donor when they die?
Enroll in the NYS Donate Life Registry. You must be at least eighteen years of age. Talk to your family and inform them of your decision.

33 the donation process stops!
At the time of death, the family is asked to consider organ and tissue donation. regardless of how old you are, if you have not given legal consent and your family says no, or if you are under 18 and they say no, the donation process stops!

34 You need to share that wish with your family.
If you want your final wish on earth to be yours …

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