Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7 Vocabulary. Caucus a meeting of party leaders to select candidates, elect convention delegates, etc. a meeting of party members within a legislative."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 7 Vocabulary
Caucus a meeting of party leaders to select candidates, elect convention delegates, etc. a meeting of party members within a legislative body to select leaders and determine strategy.
Congressional Campaign Committee a party committee in Congress that provides funds to members who are running for reelection or to would-be members running for an open sear or challenging a candidate from the opposition party
Direct Primary a primary in which members of a party nominate its candidates by direct vote.
Economic-Protest Parties parties, usually based in a particular region, especially involving farmers, that protest against depressed economic conditions. These tend to disappear as conditions improve.
Factional Parties parties that are created by a split in a major party, usually over the identity and philosophy of the major party’s presidential candidate
First Party System the political system existing in the US between roughly 1792 and it featured two national parties that competed for control of the Presidency, Congress, and the States: the Federalists and the Republicans.
Ideological Party values principles, spurns money incentives, and is usually contentious and factionalized.
Initiative a procedure by which a specified number of voters may propose a statute, constitutional amendment, or ordinance, and compel a popular vote on its adoption. the general right or ability to present a new bill or measure, as in a legislature.
Mugwumps a Republican who bolted the party in 1884, refusing to support presidential candidate James G. Blaine.
National Chairman a paid, full-time manager of a party’s day- to-day work who is elected by the national committee.
National Committee a committee of delegates from each state and territory that runs party affairs between national conventions.
National Party Convention convention in which a party gathers together to decide who will be their candidate for president.
Old Guard the conservative element of any political party, esp. the Republican party.
One-Issue Parties parties seeking a single policy, usually revealed by their names, and aboiding other issues.
Personal Following the political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks.
Plurality System an electoral system, used in almost all American elections, in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if s/he does not receive a majority of the votes.
Political Machine a group that controls the activities of a political party; "he was endorsed by the Democratic machine
Political Party an organization to gain political power; "in 1992 Perot tried to organize a third party at the national level"
Second Party System the political system existing in the United States from about 1828 to the major parties were the Democratic Party and the Whig Party.
Solidary Incentive the social rewards that lead people to join local or state political organizations.
Special Interest Caucus A meeting of people with similar interests, such as organizations to represent African Americans and homosexuals.
Sponsored Party A local or state political party that is largely staffed and funded by another organization with established networks in the community.
Super Delegates Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention with out having to run in primaries or caucuses.
Two-Party System a political system consisting chiefly of two major parties, more or less equal in strength.
Unit Rule (in national conventions of the Democratic party) a rule whereby a state's delegation votes as a unit, not recognizing minority votes within the delegation.
Winner-Take-All System Just like it sounds, the winner takes everything, even if they just won by one vote.