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2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum for International.

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Presentation on theme: "2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum for International."— Presentation transcript:

1 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum for International Students and Heritage Language Learners Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum (CLAC) promotes the idea that multiple cultural perspectives and materials in multiple languages can and should be incorporated into and inform the teaching of academic content in all areas of the curriculum. This panel examines ways in which CLAC programs can and do serve the needs of heritage language learners and international students and help integrate them into the campus community. It's Not [Language] 101

2 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education It's Not 101: Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum for International Students and Heritage Language Learners Diana K. Davies, Vice Provost for International Initiatives, Princeton University Uliana Gabara, Dean and Carole M. Weinstein Chair of International Education, University of Richmond H. Stephen Straight, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and of Linguistics, Binghamton University

3 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education What is CLAC? It’s not 101. Diana K. Davies Vice Provost for International Initiatives Princeton University and President Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum Consortium

4 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education What is CLAC? 1) Meaningful use of a second language and authentic second culture texts; 2) where bi(multi)lingual and intercultural insights are used to understand, from a different perspective, academic and extracurricular content and experiences; 3) allowing for a deeper, more critical and more inter-culturally nuanced understanding of the content; 4) in any curricular or extra-curricular context

5 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education What is not CLAC? Content Based Language Instruction The infusion of culture into language teaching The study of languages and cultures as academic “objects”

6 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education What does CLAC look like? (native U.S.-English speakers) Reading, discussion and referencing of materials written in English by native speakers of another language (low immersion/”Global English” model) Measured use of authentic materials in a second language (hybrid model) (Nearly) exclusive use of authentic materials in a second language, in their immediate cultural context (full immersion)

7 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education What does CLAC look like? (heritage learners and non-U.S. students) (Nearly) exclusive use of authentic materials in U.S.-English, in their immediate cultural context (U.S. colleges and universities) Meaningful use of authentic materials in the student’s first language or heritage language, with an emphasis on relevant vocabulary, cultural filters, comparison

8 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education What is CLAC? It’s not 101. Diana K. Davies Vice Provost for International Initiatives Princeton University and President Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum Consortium

9 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education CLAC at Binghamton How Binghamton University’s Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum Program Serves International Students and Heritage Language Learners H. Stephen Straight Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and of Linguistics Former Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education and International Affairs Founding Director (1991-1999), Languages Across the Curriculum (LxC) straight@binghamton.edu

10 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education The Need for CLAC “Universities don’t think globally – it’s not ingrained in their philosophy and curriculum to create the global worker.” – Respondent to RAND Corporation Survey “We had terrific situational awareness; what we lacked was cultural awareness.” – General David Petraeus “CED recommends that international content be taught across the curriculum and at all levels of learning…” – Committee for Economic Development

11 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum (CLAC) Emphasizes cultural content even in supposedly “universal” disciplines (i.e., disciplines allegedly free of cultural content, such as sciences & engineering). – Helps students identify cultural content within all disciplines and develop essential cross-cultural interpretive skills. Instills appreciation of differing cultural perspectives, interdependencies among all nations and regions, and issues of long-term sustainability of proposed solutions. – Fosters commitment to responsible global citizenship. Introduces flexible cross-cultural navigation strategies – “First, seek to understand; then, seek to be understood” (Stephen Covey).

12 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education After Richard Lambert, 1989 Recommendations of the founding director of the National Foreign Language Center for the improvement of language teaching in the United States: 1.Diversify language uses [cf. “communication, cultures, connections, comparisons, communities”– National Standards for Language Learning] 2.Prolong study: Begin earlier, continue through college 3.Offer options in timing [summer, intersession] and mode [study groups, brief immersion, video gaming] 4.Support maintenance beyond formal education 5.Target most promising students [e.g. heritage learners, area studies majors, …] 6.Develop emergency capability CLAC responds directly to the first three of these recommendations and supports the others.

13 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education CLAC at Binghamton Languages Across the Curriculum (LxC) began in 1991 as the joint brainchild of a professor of anthropological linguistics (Straight), the director of international student and scholar services (Ellen H. Badger), and a distinguished professor of comparative literature (Marilyn Gaddis Rose), with external funding from NAFSA and FIPSE. Supported entirely on university funds since 1996, LxC employs (primarily) international graduate students to devise and implement substitute assignments containing materials in languages other than English for 10- 15 percent of the assignments in courses outside of the language departments. See lxc.binghamton.edu for details.lxc.binghamton.edu

14 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Native speakers/content experts (“Language Resource Specialists”) lead optional LxC study groups linked to larger courses otherwise taught in English. – Students in these groups meet weekly with the LRS to utilize authentic non-English texts and resources relevant to the course content. – Participation counts toward course requirements and contributes to the grade in the larger course. – Skill levels and amount of use of the language (in reading, listening, speaking, and writing) may vary between and even within groups. Heritage learners sometimes have little reading knowledge of their heritage language but can often understand it when read aloud and use the language in study-group discussion. The LxC Model of CLAC

15 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education LxC’s Language Resource Specialists Increase in demand for Asian languages—Korean and Hindi as well as Chinese and Japanese—was actually easier to satisfy than previous demand for the Big Three … – … because Binghamton enrolls more graduate students from Asia than from Europe or Latin America. – Unlike language study per se, LxC enrollment demand is balanced between Spanish and the LOTS (languages other than Spanish). Benefits to the LRSs who staff LxC’s study groups include new insights into their own cultures as well better integration into the university community—and excellent training in pedagogy (in the LxC seminar LRSs attend throughout the semester).

16 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Recent LxC Languages Spring 2009 Global Language Groups included students using: Arabic, Armenian, Cantonese, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mandarin, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu (21, 11 of which—in italics—are not taught at Binghamton University) Fall 2009 Global Language Groups included students using: Arabic, Cantonese, Dutch, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mandarin, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian (15, 5 not taught at BU) Spring 2010 Global Language Groups included students using: Arabic, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, Turkish, Ukrainian (15, 6 not taught at BU) Fall 2010 Global Language Groups included students using: Arabic, Bengali, Cantonese, French, German, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Mandarin, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Turkish (15, 5 not taught at BU) Information provided by Suronda Gonzalez, Director of LxC and Global Studies

17 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education CLAC at Binghamton How Binghamton University’s Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum Program Serves International Students and Heritage Language Learners H. Stephen Straight Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and of Linguistics Former Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education and International Affairs Founding Director (1991-1999), Languages Across the Curriculum (LxC) straight@binghamton.edu

18 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education It's Not 101: Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum for International Students and Heritage Language Learners Uliana Gabara Dean and Carole M. Weinstein Chair of International Education University of Richmond

19 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Why C-LAC at Richmond? Daunting History Encouraging Trend Ultimate Goal

20 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education UR C-LAC Enrollment, S ‘11 * Credit: ¼ unit* C-LAC sections: tied to a regular course * Can offer the same C-LAC section in multiple languages* Must be enrolled in or have previously studied the * Intermediate Proficiencycourse material (Language) Course Title (Number of Students Enrolled) (Sp) Economic Development 1 (Sp) Teaching Modern Language 2 (Sp) Intro. to Linguistics 3 (Sp) Statistics for Business 1 (Sp) Capstone 3 (Sp) Intro. to Latin Amer. Film 6 (Sp) Global Climate Change 1 (Sp) Human Resource Mgt. 8 (It) Teaching Modern Language 2 (It) Europe Today 2 (Ge) Introduction to Linguistics 2 (Ge) What is France Today? 1 (Ge) Language, Race, Ethnicity 1 (Fr) Introduction to Linguistics 3 (Fr) Teaching Modern Language 4 (Fr) What is France Today? 3 (Fr) Modern Western Philosophy 3 (Fr) Statistics for Business 1 (Fr) Europe Today 1 (Fr) Language, Race, Ethnicity 1 (Ru) St. Petersburg 6 (Ru) Words to Die For 9 (Ch) Representing Chinese Emp. 3 (Ch) What is France Today? 1 (La) Hellenistic Greece 2 (Gr) The Classical Tradition 1

21 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education International Students Why do they come? Why do we support them? What has this got to do with C-LAC?

22 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Give them a voice and give them $

23 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Remember the Brain Drain! A modest proposal for addressing it, while contributing to learning built on cross-cultural understanding / interpretations of reality

24 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education It's Not 101: Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum for International Students and Heritage Language Learners Diana K. Davies, Vice Provost for International Initiatives, Princeton University Uliana Gabara, Dean and Carole M. Weinstein Chair of International Education, University of Richmond H. Stephen Straight, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology and of Linguistics, Binghamton University

25 2011 Conference Competition & Collaboration in the Global Transformation of Higher Education Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum for International Students and Heritage Language Learners Cultures and Languages Across the Curriculum (CLAC) promotes the idea that multiple cultural perspectives and materials in multiple languages can and should be incorporated into and inform the teaching of academic content in all areas of the curriculum. This panel examines ways in which CLAC programs can and do serve the needs of heritage language learners and international students and help integrate them into the campus community. It's Not [Language] 101


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