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KIANI SATU CARGO VESSEL GROUNDING - A DISASTER MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE WCDM MCC : 10/09/2013 Gerhard Otto : Head of Eden MDMC/ Manager Emergency Services.

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Presentation on theme: "KIANI SATU CARGO VESSEL GROUNDING - A DISASTER MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE WCDM MCC : 10/09/2013 Gerhard Otto : Head of Eden MDMC/ Manager Emergency Services."— Presentation transcript:

1 KIANI SATU CARGO VESSEL GROUNDING - A DISASTER MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE WCDM MCC : 10/09/2013 Gerhard Otto : Head of Eden MDMC/ Manager Emergency Services

2 Background On 28/12/2011 the Eden MDMC was informed that a local fishing vessel spotted oil leaking 6-7 kilometers off shore from Dannabaai; In the day’s to follow light oil pollution was noticed at Diaz beach; In subsequent K9 reconnaissance flights a sheen of oil was confirmed; Investigations revealed that the oil could be leaking form the OVS Voortrekker that went to ground in 1993; Initially the leak was plugged by Smith’s and later pumped off; Oil spill contingency planning updated for Mossel Bay area- 2012; Knysna would have followed with exercise in August/September 2013; = We did have our contingency plans updated; BUT Could we implement the plan, was it practical and did the role-players understand their roles and responsibilities to put the plan into action within a given timeframe;

3 Legal Mandate (Refer to MT Phoenix report updated 12/08/2011) Since 1 October 1985 the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, now called The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) has been responsible for the combatting of oil pollution in conjunction with the Department of Transport (DoT) retaining the responsibility for prevention. This arrangement applies to the functions in terms of the Prevention and Combatting of Oil pollution at Sea by the Oil Act 6 of 1981; Following the establishment of the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA) on 1 April 1998, the administration of this Act -now called the Marine Pollution (Control and Civil Liability) Act 6 of 1981 was transferred to SAMSA in terms of the South African Maritime Safety Authority Act, Act 5 of 1998; However section 52 of the latter Act continues DEA’s responsibility for the combatting of oil pollution; CONCLUSION Act 5 of 1998 place the legal mandate for the managing of marine emergencies on the South African Maritime Safety Authority (SAMSA); Lead agent for combatting of oil pollution=DEA; BUT Other organizations have a duty of care (Sec. 28 of the National Environmental Management Act, NEMA- Act 107 of 1998) for the coastal, marine and estuarine environments in the particular the biodiversity of these environments and act to support DEA

4 What happened? The German build Cargo Vessel Kiani Satu beached 200 meters from the beach on a sand bank near the Goukamma Estuary MPA on Thursday the 08 th of August 2013 at 4:00

5 Nature of the beast? Model Dimensions – 165m long 26m wide Dead Weight – 197,96 Tons Cargo Tons HFO (Heavy Fuel Oil) liters of diesel liters of hydraulic oil Ton of rice (Value R70 mil?)

6 Where did the beaching occur? Sedgefield

7 Initial extent of pollution

8 Saturday: 10/08/2013 Location of vessel Note oil on rocks

9 Saturday: 10/08/2013 (Goukamma) Initial efforts to close estuary with sand berm

10 Saturday: 10/08/2013 Note oil spreading West to Swartvlei river mouth

11 Sunday: 11/08/2013 Boom across Goukamma Buffalo Bay Road Sand berm still not completed

12 Sunday: 11/08/2013 Even more oil leaking Estimated 20 ton

13 Monday:12/08/2013 (Boom broken)

14 Monday: 12/08/2013 Estimated oil pollution now 30 ton

15 Monday: 12/08/2013

16 Monday: 12/08/2013 Tugboat- Smit Amandla

17 Tuesday: 13/08/2013 5:23 Dinema connected to casualty;5:23 Dinema connected to casualty; 06:05 fist attempts to pull off sand;06:05 fist attempts to pull off sand; Only 2 meter swell, need at least 4 meter swell ;Only 2 meter swell, need at least 4 meter swell ; W E

18 Re-float fist attempts First 4 attempts only managed to pivot the vessel by 70 degrees

19 Tuesday: 13/08/2013 Sea calmer;Sea calmer; Less pollution noticed;Less pollution noticed; Salvage teams pump HFO to fresh water tank;Salvage teams pump HFO to fresh water tank;

20 Base Camp: Buffelskop Caravan Park 64 “WOO”, later 94, on stand-by additional 80; Tented camp with marquee for training; Self catering “Wet rations”;

21 Wednesday: 14/08/2013 Pivoted even more E W

22 Thursday: 15/08/2013 Booming done to allow tidal flow Sand berm in place; Note use of sugar bags;

23 Thursday: 15/08/2013 To tugboat

24 Friday: 16/08/2013 Goukamma Swartvlei Sand berm

25 Saturday: 17/08/2013 (Re - float) Casualty towed off the sand berm at 11:00

26 Initial response -Summary

27 Initial response cont. Estuaries boomed off (Knysa, Goukamma, Sedgefield) on hold Touw river

28 ICS

29 JOC at Buffalo Bay

30 Safety concerns

31 Pollution monitoring Daily monitoring of pollution by Kuswag 9 - fixed wing plane

32 Casualties

33 Casualties-Action steps Management of oiled animals (Birds, seals etc.)

34 Clean -up Clean-up operations at the Goukamma estuary (Estuary closed)

35 Natural cleaning Storminess and high seas - natural cleaning of beaches noticed at risk assessment -Monday 20 th

36 RIP Vessel leaning to the right – went to ground at 4:00 on the morning of the 20 th August

37 RIP Cont.

38 Health concerns

39 Waste Management

40 Gratitude for assistance State entities: DEA (Oceans and Coast); Dept. of Transport; San Parks; Cape Nature; Knysna Municipality; George Municipality; District Roads Engineer; Provincial Traffic; SAPS; Customs; SAMSA; Agri Eden; DAFF; DWA; PDMC; SANDF; Dep. Of Health; Service providers: Drizit; Smit’s Salvage; Enviroserv; Extreme Projects; Spill Tech; Titan helicopters; WOF; SCFPA; NMMU; NSRI Other: P&I Insurance;

41 Challenges-Way forward Early warning, activation pro-actively; High seas; Heavy rainfall days prior to grounding- rivers in flood; MPA- special rules apply (DEA national);

42 Challenges- Way forward Scenario planning and practical dry-runs i.e. booming of estuaries, options to follow off shore etc.; Implementation of ICS (Roles and responsibilities); Special interventions i.e. boom anchor points, monitoring marine vessel traffic;

43 ANY QUESTIONS? THANK YOU DANKIE ENKOSI GERHARD OTTO HEAD OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT Eden District Municipality Tel:(044) Sel:


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