If you answered yes to any of these questions… YOU are a caregiver! Do you have younger siblings? Do you ever babysit? Do you like taking care of and learning about kids?
What is a Caregiver? A person who meets the many NEEDS of children They help prevent HARM or INJURY They help provide an environment that fosters GROWTH (mentally, physically and socially)
Responsibilities of Caregivers 1.Provide a Safe Environment a.Keep children free from physical and emotional harm b.Keep unsafe objects locked up or out of reach c.Correct any potential dangers around the house (Baby- Proofing) d.Take Safety Precautions
2. Provide Basic Needs a. Nutritious Food and Water b. Shelter c. Appropriate Clothing d. Warm Bed e. Medical Care as Needed f. Space
3.Provide Self-Esteem Needs Will this work?... VIDEO CLIP Probably Not! So…
3.Provide Self- Esteem Needs a.Accept the child’s uniqueness and respect their individuality b.Encourage and motivate them in everything they do c.Notice and praise the child’s achievements d.Set expectations that are realistic and age-appropriate
4. Teach Morals and Values a. Honesty b. Respect c. Responsibility d. Compassion e. Patience f. Sharing g. Forgiveness h. Generosity
5. Develop Mutual Respect a. Use respectful language b. Listen to them c. Respect their feelings, opinions, privacy and individuality
6. Provide Appropriate Discipline a. Discipline is NOT punishment! b. The purpose of discipline is to teach c. Discipline is: Structured Consistent Predictable Fair
7. Provide and Encourage Education a. Education doesn’t just happen in school! b. Encourage lifelong learning c. Foster learning opportunities through discovery and exploration
8. KNOW THEM! a. Spend quality time together b. Ask questions c. Communicate…… communicate….. communicate!
Caregivers are NOT Responsible for… 1. Providing designer clothes and shoes 2. Picking up after or cleaning for the child 3. Providing cell phones, TV, games, computers or entertainment 4. Maintaining an unlimited supply of treats chips, sodas, etc. Get the picture?
Your Caregivers Take a minute and think about YOUR parents and caregivers: How have they met your needs? What have they sacrificed for you? Have they provided any “extras” for you? If they were here, what would you say to them? Will this affect how you act in the future?
Child Development Before you can become a successful caregiver, you must know a thing or two about Child Development. Child Development: how a child becomes able to do more complex things as they age. Development is measured through specific milestones. Milestones are a set of skills or tasks that most children can do at a certain age. Remember, though, that every child is unique!
Milestones These developmental milestones are broken into 4 categories: 1.Physical Development 2.Cognitive/Thinking Skills 3.Social & Emotional Development 4.Communication Skills
Pre Natal Development PRE = Before NATAL = Birth Pre-natal development happens BEFORE the baby is born. It is extremely fast! After 9 Months, the baby is born.
Birth to 3 Months Physical Development: Raise head slightly, hold hand in fist, use reflexes, fascinated with hands Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Focus on and follow moving objects-including faces, Can see up to 13” away
Birth to 3 Months Social & Emotional Development: Sucks their own fingers, discovers arms and legs, begins to smile at familiar caregivers Communication Skills: Communicates needs with body movements, crying, babbling and laughing, Responds differently to the voice of caregivers than to other adults
3 to 6 Months Physical Development: Rolls over, reaches for and touches objects, puts objects in mouth, discovers everything for the first time Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Recognizes faces, imitates facial expressions of others, responds to familiar sounds
3 to 6 Months Social & Emotional Development: Plays “Peek-A-Boo”, begins to smile and laugh more Communication Skills: Listens to conversations, repeats some vowels and other sounds
6 to 9 Months Physical Development: Begins to crawl, pulls things toward self, transfers objects between hands Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Stares at people and objects, depth perception begins to develop, begins to tell the difference between objects that do or do not move
6 to 9 Months Social & Emotional Development: Expresses several new emotions, distinguishes between friends and strangers, shows unhappiness at the loss of a toy Communication Skills: Begins repetitive babbling, associates gestures with phrases like “hi” and “bye-bye”, uses vocal sounds to express interest
9 Months to 1 Year Physical Development: Can sit, stand or walk without support, throws objects, uses more fine motor skills to pick things up Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Develops object permanence, imitates gestures and actions, enjoys looking at picture books, responds to simple directions or questions
9 Months to 1 Year Social & Emotional Development: Begins to feed themselves, mimics simple actions, begins to show separation anxiety Communication Skills: Understands the names of familiar people and objects, responds to “no” from caregivers, says a few simple words
1 to 2 Years Physical Development: Can walk backwards, picks up toys from standing position, pushes and pulls objects, can turn knobs, holds crayons with fist Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Imitates adults’ actions and language, begins to match similar objects, distinguishes between “you” and “me”
1 to 2 Years Social & Emotional Development: Recognizes themselves in the mirror, shows pride in new accomplishments, begins to be helpful by following simple instructions Communication Skills: Understands many words and directions, uses “me”, “mine”, and “my” a lot, learns about 9 new words a day
2 to 3 Years Physical Development: Can jump in place, run forward, walk on tip-toes, turns pages one-by-one, can draw a circle, holds crayons with thumb and fingers Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Responds to simple directions, can identify themselves and others by name, observes and imitates more complex adult actions (ex: playing house)
2 to 3 Years Social & Emotional Development: “Terrible Two’s”, begins to say “no” a lot, begins to be more independent, displays more aggressive feelings and behaviors, expresses toilet training needs Communication Skills: Points to objects when they’re named, responds to “what” and “where”, enjoys listening to stories, recounts the events of the day
3 to 4 Years Physical Development: Can walk in a straight line, run around obstacles, ride a tricycle, throw and catch a ball, balance on one foot Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Matches and organizes objects, can remember past and present, stays entertained with an activity for longer periods of time
3 to 4 Years Social & Emotional Development: Can f0llow simple directions, begins to share toys, begins playing more with other children, begins dramatic playing (ex: pretending to be animals, dress-up) Communication Skills: Uses and understands simple sentences, using more complex grammar, sings songs or nursery rhymes
4 to 5 Years Physical Development: Can jump forwards without falling, jump on one foot, walk up and down stairs alone, use safety scissors, print a few capital letters Cognitive/Thinking Skills: Can name colors, plays with words, mimics and creates sounds, makes rhymes, counts to 5
4 to 5 Years Social & Emotional Development: Develops longer lasting friendships, begins recognizing others feelings, enjoys imaginative play with others Communication Skills: Retells stories but may confuse facts, understands sequences of events when clearly explained, listens and tells long stories