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FOOTBALL COLLEGE LEVEL. November 6, 1869- Rutgers and Princeton Universities Field: 120 Yards Long, 75 Yards Round, Soccer-Style Ball First Contest:

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Presentation on theme: "FOOTBALL COLLEGE LEVEL. November 6, 1869- Rutgers and Princeton Universities Field: 120 Yards Long, 75 Yards Round, Soccer-Style Ball First Contest:"— Presentation transcript:

1 FOOTBALL COLLEGE LEVEL

2

3 November 6, Rutgers and Princeton Universities Field: 120 Yards Long, 75 Yards Round, Soccer-Style Ball First Contest: Rutgers wins 6-4

4 1883: 5 points for field goals, 2 points for touchdowns and 4 points for kicking. 1884: Touchdowns were 4 points, point after conversion-2 points, field goals were 5 points

5 1898: Touchdowns 5 points Point after - 1 point Field goal 5 points 1912: Touchdown 6 points Field goal 3 points Note: No forward pass is allowed

6 1905: 18 players were killed 159 were injured President Roosevelt called for reform. 1905: NCAA was formed (Intercollegiate Athletic Association).

7 Flying Wedge

8 Walter Camp: Father of American Football Developed Line of Scrimmage Developed Line of Scrimmage 11 Players per Team 11 Players per Team 110 Yard Field 110 Yard Field Developed Concept of Downs Developed Concept of Downs

9 College Football: Black Athletes First Black All-American - William Henry Lewis of Amherst College

10 William Henry Lewis Born in Berkeley, Virginia, 1868 Born in Berkeley, Virginia, ’7” and weighed 180 pounds 5’7” and weighed 180 pounds Began Career at the Center Position Began Career at the Center Position Team Captain (2 years) Team Captain (2 years)

11 William Henry Lewis

12 1892: George Flippen University of Nebraska

13 Nebraska State Journal: “Flippen went through the center like a cannonball, and Denver had a special push for him. He was kicked, slugged, and jumped on, but never knocked out, and gave as good as he received. (He became a physician.)”

14 The first game between a white and black college was held in New York City in Wilberforce College (oldest black college) defeated Bergen College of New Jersey

15 Paul Robeson 1915: Rutgers University 1915: Rutgers University 1916: Game against W&L did not play because of racism 1916: Game against W&L did not play because of racism Played professional football to pay law school tuition: Columba University Played professional football to pay law school tuition: Columba University

16 Dr. Charles West: W&J : Football running back : Football running back. 1922: Fist Black QB: Rose Bowl 1922: Fist Black QB: Rose Bowl 1923 and 1924: National Pentathlon Champ 1923 and 1924: National Pentathlon Champ Visit to WVU: 1921 Visit to WVU: 1921 Medical Degree: Howard University- Football Coach Medical Degree: Howard University- Football Coach

17 1917 Washington High School

18 1921 WVU

19 1927 Track and Field

20 Football in 1946 was the backbone of the black colleges dating back to the 1890’s.

21 HBCU Athletic Conferences Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference: Shaw, Livingstone, Johnson C. Smith, Bowie State, Virginia Union Central Intercollegiate Athletic Conference: Shaw, Livingstone, Johnson C. Smith, Bowie State, Virginia Union Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference: Hampton, Northfolk State, Morgan, Howard, South Carolina State, Deleware State Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference: Hampton, Northfolk State, Morgan, Howard, South Carolina State, Deleware State

22 HBCU Sport Conferences Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference: Lincoln, Stillman, Morehouse, Fort Valley State, Alabama A&M, Kentucky State, Clark Atlanta, Lane, Tuskegee Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference: Lincoln, Stillman, Morehouse, Fort Valley State, Alabama A&M, Kentucky State, Clark Atlanta, Lane, Tuskegee Southwestern Athletic Conference: Alabama State, Jackson State, Mississippi Valley, Southern, Grambling, Texas Southern, Prairie View A&M Southwestern Athletic Conference: Alabama State, Jackson State, Mississippi Valley, Southern, Grambling, Texas Southern, Prairie View A&M

23 Heisman Trophy: The First African American Athlete Winners Selected by Downtown Athletic Club Since 1935 John W. Heisman, 1917 Georgia Tech National Champion Coach was founder.

24 Jay Berwanger First Winner, University of Chicago Ernie Davis (#44) Syracuse University 1961 (First African American to be awarded the Heisman Trophy)

25 Mike Garrett (#20) USC - Running Back O.J. Simpson (#32) - USC - Running Back Archie Griffin - Ohio State Running Back , 1975 (Ran for 100 yards or more in 31 straight games)

26 Tony Dorsett - University of Pittsburgh - Running Back Earl Campbell - University of Texas Running Back Billy Sims - Oklahoma - Running Back (averaged 7 yards a carry)

27 Marcus Allen - USC - Running Back 1981 Herschel Walker (#34) - University of Georgia - Running Back George Rogers - South Carolina Running Back

28 Bo Jackson - Auburn - Running Back Barry Sanders - Oklahoma State University - Running Back Andre Ware - Houston

29 Desmond Howard - Michigan Charlie Ward - Florida State Rashaan Salaam - Colorado Eddie George - Ohio State

30 Charles Woodson - Michigan Ricky Williams - Texas Ron Dayne - Wisconsin

31 Heissman Trophy Between : Ten awardees or 67% were black and all were running backs.

32 FOOTBALL PROFESSIONAL

33 1892: Yale All-American guard William “Pudge” Heffelfinger received a $500 “performance bonus” from Allegheny Athletic Association to join their team for a game with the Pittsburgh Athletic Club (AAA won 4-0).

34 1893: Pittsburgh Athletic Club hired Grant Dibert for the entire season. 1902: 2 Philadelphia teams (Athletics and Phillies) joined with Pittsburgh Stars to form the National Football League.

35 1904: 7 of the games top professional teams were in Ohio 1920: Meeting in Canton, Ohio, formed new league - American Professional Football Association (APFA). George Hales - Prime Mover (Manager and coach of Decatur, IL).

36 1921: APFA comprised of 22 teams. 1922: APFA changed name to NFL Hales renamed his team -moved to Chicago - became Bears.

37 Professional Football: Black Players 1902: Charles W. Follis - Cloverdale, Virginia - Played for Shelby Athletic Association and moved to Wooster, Ohio (Wooster Athletic Association). Charles’ teammate was Branch Rickey, later President of Brooklyn Dodgers.

38 Charles Follis: Wooster High School

39 In a game against Toledo, it was stated, “The Shelby halfback is a Negro, and the crowd got after him early. The Toledo captain had to address the crowd.” Follis stopped playing football in (He was 6’ tall and 200 pounds.)

40 Fritz Pollard 5’8” and 165 pounds. Running Back 5’8” and 165 pounds. Running Back Enrolled in Northwestern U. :1913 but left college. He Just wanted to play. Enrolled in Northwestern U. :1913 but left college. He Just wanted to play.

41 1914 he went to Brown University. Failed entrance exam in Spanish - Went to Dartmouth, from there on to Bates College - Finally back to Brown University he went to Brown University. Failed entrance exam in Spanish - Went to Dartmouth, from there on to Bates College - Finally back to Brown University. Game against Amherst, he returned punt for 60 yards. Game against Amherst, he returned punt for 60 yards. Runs of yards were common. Runs of yards were common First Black in the NFL First Black in the NFL.

42 In the 1930’s and 40’s, blacks were forced out of professional football. (No Blacks played in the NFL during this time period.

43 : Blacks were excluded from NFL. Blacks were seen as disciplinary problems. Blacks were seen as disciplinary problems. White players demanded the black players be dropped. (Blacks were paid more than white players - $ $1800 per game.) White players demanded the black players be dropped. (Blacks were paid more than white players - $ $1800 per game.) Racism - Local and National Level Racism - Local and National Level

44 1946: All-American Football Conference (AAFC) was organized and allowed teams to sign blacks. Cleveland Browns signed Marion Motley. (1948 led in rushing: 964 yards.) Motley - First black player in the Hall of Fame (football). Browns won AAFC:

45 Marion Motley: Browns : All American Football Conference: 1946: All American Football Conference: Black Football Players: Marion Motley, Bill Willis, Kenny Washington and Woody Strode Black Football Players: Marion Motley, Bill Willis, Kenny Washington and Woody Strode Motley: AAFC leading rusher ( 9 year pro) Motley: AAFC leading rusher ( 9 year pro)

46 Others/Black Buddy Young, Running Back, New York Yankees; Elmore Harris, Running Back, Brooklyn Dodgers; Bert Piggott, Running Back/ Defensive Back, L.A. Rams; Bill Bass, Running Back/ Defensive Back, Chicago Rockets

47 AAFC Last Year Was 1949: 1949 L.A. Rams signed the first black from a HBCU - Paul “Tank” Younger of Grambling. He was a two time All-American.

48 In 1962, the Washington Redskins was the last team to sign black - Bobby Mitchell. George Preston, owner, did not want to sign blacks.


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