4How - Tools Software. Rx only initially Every program had a specific strong point for me.All S/W in this discussion is free.Sending is Easy – or so they say.CWCom for sending feedback
5How - Technique Learn single chars first. Recognize sound of char. Verify correctness initiallyContinuous copy.Short chars easy to learn but difficult during continuous copy.Copy on paperCopy in headI always copy call on paper. (even for voice)Avoid “auto complete”
6Morse Machine Pro’s Good to get started Char training only. Cons No audible error indicationChars not totally selectable.No space distinction.
7RufzXP Rufzeichen-Hören 50 calls with top score. Calls only – no words.Pro’sSpeeds upConsNot learning the space between words.Tend to predict the numeric.
8Just Learn Morse Code Can define what chars Used extensively to practice 5/hHear and see to learnHear and type to testGood for learning lettersShows correct percentage - feedback
9G4FON Koch Trainer Good for words / QSO etc. Simulates various real world conditions:Signal strengthNoise LevelQSBChirp… more
10Morse runner Simulates Contest Simulates band conditions. Simultaneous callsQRMCall and seq no.
11Morse Cat 2.0 Does char training Lessons Expert mode allows fine tuningSimulated callsCopy on paper and checkSending check training no longer available.
12MFJ-418 Pocket Code Tutor Portable Typical MFJ quality. Quality deteriorated on later models.Letters, Words, QSO’s etc.Interactive or continuous.Farnsworth timing.Words & QSO somewhat outdated
13Sending Always start with straight key 20 WPM seems to be average high end for straight key.Move on to paddle or bug.Most folks seems to use dual paddles.Verify “fist” with CWCom or Begali
14Begali CW machine Top of the line Keyer $300 + Software Tutor Logger Interfaces with PCInterfaces with Keyboard.Interfaces with straight Key or Paddle.
15CWCOMLike AIM with CWSupports straight key and paddle through serial portSpecial characters can be defined
16Timing (copied from ZART) Dot is the base unit of measureA dit is the sound of one dot followed by the silence of one dot.A daah, the sound of a dash, is 3 dots long followed by the silence of one dot.The space between letters is 3 dots.The space between words is 7 dots.
17Measuring speed (copied from ZART) Based on the word: PARISP: 11 dots + 3 letter spacing.A: 5 dots + 3 letter spacing.R: 7 dots + 3 letter spacing.I: 3 dots + 3 letter spacingS: 5 dots.Total: 50 dots (including the word space at the end).
18The First QSOListen on the air to get a feel for the structure of the typical QSO.Listen to hear that other folks make mistakes.Listen to hear that there are many slow QSO’sBecome familiar with the abbreviations e.g. fer, fbBecome familiar with the prosigns KN, AR, SK etc.Prepare a template QSO that you can copy from.Practice the template with CWCom.Get an Elmer for the first one. .
19Terminology THX FB QSO WX ES SUNNY ES WINDY ES ABT 60F RST 579 57N SIGS 599 5NNCUAGNHW NW? or HW?HW CPY NW?INVERTED VEEBTU
20Typical QSO TNX FER CALL OM = UR RST 599 5NN = NAME IS SEBASTIAN SEBASTIAN =QTH IS LONGMONT, CO LONGMONT, CO =BTU <call> DE NS0WOK GREAT <name> =RIG IS ICOM RNG 50W TO VERTICAL ANTENNA =SO HW CPY <name>?OK <name> =THX FOR FB QSO AND WAS VY NICE TO MEET U =ALL THE BEST FRM CO ES =
23Web resources http://zs6ez.org.za/tutorial/cw-qso.htm General CW hints Online Books (ZART: Zen & the Art of Radiotelgraphy):Online Books (The Art & Skill of Radiotelgraphy):Learning CW (Begali CW Machine)