3Vocabulary Pantomime: art of acting without words Nonverbal communication: without wordsCross: the movement of an actor from one location to another onstageGesture: the movement of any part of the body to help express an idea.Kinesthesis: neuro-muscular awareness the body feels in a particular physical positionMime: both the performer and the performance is the mime; highly stylized art formInclination:move each body part one at a timeRotation:move each body part in smooth circlesIsolation:the process of separating parts of the body for individual development and expression
4Pantomime First form of acting Charlie Chaplin is a master in pantomimeFrench mime Marcel Marceau: excellent example of the original art
5Pantomime Movement Much of our daily communication is nonverbal Inexperienced actors tend to use only voiceThe first phase of acting is the art of acting without words.Any exercise that develops physical coordination is valuable in preparation to perform.
6Valuable Exercises You are judged by how you look and your manner. Whenever possible walk or climb stairs.They are two of the best forms of exercise.It is important to move your body as a whole.From the top of your head to the tip of your toes, you should be expressive.You are judged by how you look and your manner.You need to be aware of how you look and your physical manner.Jogging, dance, and fencing are also valuable exercises that prepare the actor’s body.
7Differences Shy vs. Confident Strong-willed and confidentStands tallUses broad, emphatic gesturesMoves with authority and self-assuranceMakes quick, definite movementsDirects actions away from the body
8Shy Shy and retiring Stands timidly, drawn in for protection Uses small, weak gesturesMoves slowly, with limited motionDirects actions down and toward the body
9Relaxation Inner composure Mental awareness Loosen all of the muscles of the body
10Relaxation Exercises1. Head: raise, lower, turn to the right and left, rotate the head2. Shoulders: forward and backward3. Arms in wide circles forward and backward close to the body and at the shoulder4. Rotate the lower arms from the elbow5. Hands from the wrist in circles6. Lift arms from the wrist from the side and then the front7.Shake the hands keeping them to the side.
11Relaxation cont.8. Open and close your fists stretching the fingers apart and together9. Five finger exercise: hands together with open palms. Make a fist. Roll each finger back individually.9. Cont. Alternate fingers. Start at the thumb and make a wave-like motion to your other thumb.10. Waist11. Clasp hands and over head rotate to the left and right with your head within your arms
12Cont 12. Rotate each leg in circles 13. Kick your legs as high as possible14. Rise on your toes and slowly sink and reverse the process15. Rotate each foot at the ankle16. Pick up a pencil or marbles with your toes.17. Breathing: inhale and exhale slowly
13PostureGood posture carries an air of confidence, maturity and successPoor posture suggests weakness, lack of poise, and insecurity.Normal posture and movement is the next step.Stand properly: hold the body erect with the chest high, chin up, back flat, arms slightly bent and legs straight keeping one foot in front of the other with the weight on the balls of your feet.
14Posture Exercises Perform these daily to develop good posture Stand erect with your feet parallel.Bend forward and let the arms hangRight hand on the chest and left on the small of the backSlowly raise the body to an upright position and expand the diaphragm so you feel your hands being pushed apart
15Exercises cont.Bring your head to an upright position. Hold your chin perpendicular to your throat.Drop your arms to your sides. Shift your weight to the ball of one foot and move forward. Keep your chest high, your head erect and the small of your back flat.
16Walking and Sitting How to walk onstage Maintain Good posture Keep your shoulders square and the chest highKeep the axis of your body over your feet
17Think tall. Think “tall.” Move straight ahead with the weight on the balls of your feetWalk in a straight lineLet your body swing easily from your hipsLet your arms swing in easy opposition to your legsTurn by rotating on the balls of your feet, shifting your weight from one foot to anotherTurn your entire body including your head.Do not turn on your heals.As you turn, do not cross one foot over the other.Avoid plodding or long strides or tiny steps.Do not habitually look at the ground as you walk.
18Walking Exercises Imagine you are walking On a sandy beach on a hot afternoon with a fresh wind blowingIn a large city, looking up at the tall buildingsIn a dark forest of tall trees and the wind is howlingAcross a platform to receive and awardOnto a stage to audition for a partOff a stage disappointed about your audition
19Sitting Proper way to sit Without being obvious, locate out of the corner of your eye the chair in which you will sitDecide the best route to the chairWhen you arrive turn so the calf of one leg touches the chair. Then place the other calf against the chair and sit
20While sittingKeep your spine at a 90 degree angle to the seat (Characters may deviate from this depending on the character I.e. age, youth, etc.)Hands should be placed on the arms of the chair or at rest in your lapYour feet may be crossed at the ankle or one foot placed in front of the other. Exceptions are for character specific actors.In rising, let your chest lead and not your head. Keep your weight balanced on the balls of your feet, placing one foot slightly forward and using the rear one as a lever in pushing yourself up, once again keeping the axis straight.Take a deep breath in rising.
21Crossing, Turning and Falling Entering the stage:All turns are made to the frontLead with the foot farther from the audienceBy leading with this foot, you enter with your body facing the audienceEnter stage right: start on the right footEnter stage left: start on the left foot
22How to fall onstage Divide your body into segments head, torso and arms, hips, thighs and legs and lower each segment to the ground.Control your body; you should be very close to the ground before you actually “fall.”Absorb the fall with the soft parts of the body: forearms, thighs and legs
23Exercises: crossing, turning and falling Crossing and turning:Enter stage left, turn and leaveEnter stage right, turn and leaveFallingRelax and swagger backSway forward, dropping the hands and armsPivot slowly and go closer to the floor, sink downLand on the side of your leg. Roll on your hip. Catch your weight on your forearm.Lower your head to the ground, letting it land on your arm.
24Gestures Surprise: Eyes widen. Brows lift. Mouth opens into an O. Happiness: Eyes squint. Brows lift. Moth curves up, sometimes with lips parting.Sadness: Eyes narrow and lids drop. Outer brows turns downward. Mouth turns down. Facial muscles sag.Anger: Eyes narrow. Brows furrow. Moth twists downward. Lips sometimes curl out and down into a sneer. Jaw drops and sets firmly.
25Gesture ExercisesWalking in a Garden, Pick a flower and smell it. Show what you think of the fragrance.Select fruit from a tree. React.Facial expressionsChef opening a rotten egg.Child taking nasty medicinePerson catching a whiff of his/her favorite food.
26Gesture ExercisesYou arrive at an airport. You are carrying a suitcase, an umbrella, and magazines. You drop your suitcase, and everything spills out. You try to recover the contents of your suitcase, express agitation with both your facial expressions and body gestures.You are wearing new shoes when you encounter a muddy patch of ground. You must walk through it.
27Principles of Pantomime The techniques of pantomime are based on what human beings do physically in response to emotional stimulation.There are two phases:Exercises to relax and free your mindThe creation of characterizations in which feeling prompts a bodily response.Charlie Chaplin says,” Although I was gifted, I was surprised at rehearsals to find how much I had to learn about technique.”
28Basic Principles of Body Language Your chest is the key to all action.Your wrists lead most hand gestures.Move elbows away from the body when making gestures.Do not gesture above your head or below your waist unless for specific purposes.Opposite action emphasizes physical action I.e. pull arm back before hitting someone.Arms and hands should curve not straight lines.Positive emotions evidenced by high chest and head.
29Cont.8. Negative emotions evidenced by shrunken chest, tense movement, restricted gestures and drawn features.Facial expressions usually precede other physical actions.Whenever possible make gestures with the upstage arm and do not cover your face.Some exaggeration is necessary.Always keep the audience in mind and direct all action to them.All actions must be definite in concept and execution and clearly motivated.
30Standard Pantomime Expressions Body As a WholeHeels tog., weight on both feet and chest and head slightly lifted – confidence, aloofness, indifference or self-controlWeight shifted to the front foot leaning forward- interest, positive emotions, enthusiasmWeight shifted to the rear with the head a chest pulled back-deep thought, fear, amazement, negative emotionsShrunken chest with bowed head and shoulders forward and down represents old age, envy, greed, pain, sorrow
31Feet and LegsFeet apart and legs straight-arrogance, strong confidenceFeet apart and legs bent-lack of bodily control, old age, fatigue or intoxicationTapping a foot-irritation, impatienceStomping a foot-angerTwisting a foot-embarrassmentFeet apart, head high and hands or fists on hips-conceit, scorn,contempt
32Head and FaceHead raised, eyebrows lifted, eyes wide and mouth open-fear horror, joy, surpriseHead raised, eyebrows lifted and mouth drawn down depicts bewildermentHead down, eyebrows down and mouth set or twisted by biting lips shows worry, meditation or sufferingRaised eyebrows, wide eyes and smiling or open lips- innocence, stupidity, flirtatiousness
33Fingers and Hands Pointed finger commands, directs or is #1 Clenched fists – idea, threatens or demonstrates forced self-controlPalms down – refusal, denial, condemnation, fear, rejection, horrorPalms up-giving, pleading, receiving, requesting,offering sympathyPalms up with a shrug-I don’t know.