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Poomsae Seminar USAT Referee Development Program Rev. 8, 3/1/15.

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Presentation on theme: "Poomsae Seminar USAT Referee Development Program Rev. 8, 3/1/15."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poomsae Seminar USAT Referee Development Program Rev. 8, 3/1/15

2 Today’s Schedule ▪9:00 am – 9:30 amCompetition rules – World Poomsae Competition ▪9:30 am – 10:30 amScoring system, basic movements ▪10:30 am – 10:45 amBreak ▪10:45 am – 12:30 pm Poomsae Instruction: Taeguek 4, 5, 6, 7 ▪12:30 pm – 1:00 pm Lunch Break ▪1:00 pm – 2:30 pmPoomsae Instruction: Taeguek 8, Koryo, Keumgang, Taebaek (Pyongwon, Sipjin) ▪2:30 pm – 3:00 pm Practical scoring criteria and scoring mechanics ▪3:00 pm – 6:00 pm Testing - Written (50%) - Scoring (40%) - Practical (10%) 2

3 Sport Poomsae is Here! ▪USAT is working to raise the overall level of poomsae competition, and to bring USAT judging better in line with WTF standards. ▪WTF technical criteria apply, even in “traditional” poomsae. ▪Referees need to know the poomsae! (Do you?) ▪USAT Poomsae Seminars will teach technical criteria and how to judge. ▪Poomsae certification must be fully integrated into USAT referee curriculum. ▪Certified Poomsae IRs and poomsae qualified USAT referees will conduct Poomsae Team Trials. 3

4 Poomsae Judging Proficiency ▪To become a competent poomsae judge, you have to: ▪ Know (not necessarily perform) the correct execution of all basic techniques, moves and stances ▪ Know the correct order of techniques for each poomsae ▪ Understand the correct timing, rhythm and phrasing of the movements and pooms of each poomsae ▪ Independently study all of the above in published texts, videos and online resources 4

5 Today’s Agenda ▪Competition Rules ▪ Methods of Competition ▪ Divisions and Compulsory Poomsae ▪ Contest Procedures & Referee Commands ▪Scoring Criteria ▪ Accuracy ▪ Presentation ▪Scoring Method ▪ Score Sheet ▪ Freestyle Poomsae 5

6 Today’s Agenda ▪Scoring Criteria ▪ Generalities ▪ Basic Motions ▪ Stances (Seogi) ▪ Blocks (Makki) ▪ Punching (Jireugi) ▪ Striking (Chigi) ▪ Thrusting (Tzireugi) ▪ Kicking (Chagi) 6

7 Today’s Agenda ▪Poomsae Judges Score Sheet ▪ Score sheet – Accuracy Portion 40% ▪ Score sheet – Presentation Portion 60% ▪ Score Sheet calculations ▪ Scoring Sheet Example ▪Referee Commands ▪Examples of Deductions ▪ 0.1 (minor) & 0.3 (major) for Accuracy ▪ Proper Range of Presentation Score (0.5 – 2.0 for each category) ▪ Gamjeom Penalties ▪ Other Deductions 7

8 Today’s Agenda ▪Poomsae Key Points ▪Taegeuk 4 – 8 ▪Koryo ▪Keumgang ▪Taeback ▪Pyongwon (Level 2 only) ▪Shipjin (Level 2 only) ▪Jitae (Level 2 only) ▪Chonkwon (Level 2 only) ▪Hansu (Level 2 only) 8

9 Methods of Competition ▪1) Single elimination ▪ Competitor is eliminated from competition after one loss ▪2) Round robin ▪ Each competitor competes with every other competitor ▪3) Cut-off ▪ Preferred (and most widely used) ▪4) Combination System: Cut-off + Single elimination ▪ Preliminary round to reduce number ▪ Elimination system determines final placing 9

10 Cut-Off Tournament Format ▪ Maximum of three rounds ▪Preliminary round ▪Semi-final round ▪Final round ▪20 or more competitors, competition starts from preliminary round ▪9 to 19 competitors, competition starts from semi-final round ▪8 or fewer competitors, competition starts from final round 10

11 Cut-Off Tournament Format, cont. ▪Preliminary round ▪ Each contestant performs two assigned forms ▪ Scores are totaled ▪ Top 50% advance to the semi-final round ▪If an odd number, round up (e.g., with 23 contestants, round up to 24, and 12 contestants advance to semi-final round) ▪Semi-final round ▪ Each contestant performs two assigned forms ▪ 8 contestants advance to the final round ▪Final round ▪ Each contestant performs two assigned forms ▪ Top 4 contestants receive medals 11

12 Cut-Off Tournament Format, cont. ▪For each round, poomsae are randomly assigned from the WTF list of Compulsory Poomsae for each division ▪ Assignment is done in advance of the competition, and publicized for competitors ▪Order of competitors is randomly determined for the start of the preliminary and semi final rounds ▪The final round order shall be determined by the placement in semi final by lower score to higher score ▪For preliminary round, division may be split into groups, with each group judged by different judges ▪The top four contestants / pairs / teams are awarded prizes ▪ Winners determined by points on round-by-round basis ▪ 3rd and 4th places receive bronze medals 12

13 Competition Area 13

14 Contest Area ▪Matted section is called the Contest Area ▪ 10m x 10m ▪Exception: Freestyle Mixed Team: 12m x 12m ▪ USAT-approved mats only ▪ Must provide safe, secure footing for the competitors 14

15 Duration of Contest ▪Recognized Poomsae ▪ 30 – 90 seconds ▪ Individual, Pair and Team ▪Free Style Poomsae ▪ 60 – 70 seconds ▪ Individual, Pair and Mixed Team ▪Waiting time between Poomsae ▪ 30 – 60 seconds 15

16 USAT Poomsae Divisions ▪Recognized Poomsae Competition ▪ Men, women and mixed divisions divided according to age. ▪ No specified limitation to Poom or Dan rank for team competition (Refer to Chart for specific divisions) 16

17 USAT Poomsae Divisions 17 ▪Shaded cells = official WTF divisions ▪Unshaded cells = USAT divisions

18 Compulsory Poomsae (Black Belts) 18

19 Compulsory Poomsae (Color Belts) ▪Team and Pair Competition: Taegeuk 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 Jang 19

20 Referee Duties ▪Referee ▪Document all valid points ▪Declare winner ▪Issue Gam-jeom ▪Summon judges when needed ▪Judges ▪Document all valid points ▪State their opinions when requested 20

21 Scoring Criteria ▪Accuracy (4 points) ▪Accuracy of basic movements ▪Balance ▪Accuracy of details of each Poomsae ▪Presentation (6 points) ▪Speed and power ▪Strength / speed / rhythm ▪Expression of energy 21

22 Scoring Criteria Details of Scoring Criteria Points Accuracy (4.0 Points) Accuracy of details of each Poomsae 4.0 Accuracy of basic movements and balance Presentation (6.0 Points) Speed and power2.0 Strength / speed / rhythm2.0 Expression of energy2.0 22

23 Decision and Declaration of Winner ▪Final score is the average of the scores for Accuracy plus the average of the scores for Presentation ▪ The highest and lowest scores are dropped before calculating the average ▪ If using the three judge format, the highest and lowest score will not be dropped ▪Scoreboard shows the score for Accuracy, Presentation and the Total Score ▪Penalties, if any, are deducted from the final score 23

24 Decision and Declaration of Winner ▪ In any round, the winner is the contestant with the highest total points ▪ In case of a tie, the winner is decided based on the presentation score ▪ If still tied, the dropped high and low scores are added back in ▪ If still tied, a rematch is conducted ▪The rematch consists of one compulsory Poomsae designated by the Referee ▪In case of tie, the highest point total with high and low scores added in shall be the winner 24

25 Technical Considerations ▪Low (“arae”) is below the waist ▪Blocks and strikes to this area should start from above the shoulder ▪Middle (“momtong”) is between the waist and the top of the shoulders ▪Blocks and strikes to this area should start from between the eyes and waist. ▪High (“olgul”) is above the shoulders to the top of the head ▪Blocks and strikes to this area should start at or below the waist 25

26 Technical Considerations ▪Outside to inside techniques end at the centerline of the body ▪Middle block (inside block) ▪Reverse knife hand strike ▪Inside to outside techniques end at the outer edge of the body ▪Side blocks (outside block) ▪Knife hand guarding block (single or double) ▪Blocks are performed with the blocking hand on the outside ▪Strikes are performed with the striking hand on the inside 26

27 Technical Considerations ▪All poomsae begin and end in about the same spot (within one foot’s length) ▪Exception may be made for Keumgang and Jitae ▪Audible breathing or hissing results in a deduction ▪In general, breathe in through the nose and out through the mouth ▪The feet should not move in an inward-to- outward “swinging” motion ▪The head should remain level and not bob up and down between stances 27

28 Technical Considerations ▪In stances, the knee is bent to just cover the tip of the toes (from the competitor’s perspective) ▪Kicking is always to a realistic target ▪First choice is to the head — area between the nose and mouth ▪Second choice is to the body — the solar plexus ▪In some Poomsae, a specific other target is defined; for example: ▪Low side kick in Koryo, or jumping front kicks in Taegeuk 8 28

29 Technical Considerations ▪Fists should remain closed (or open) during the entire movement ▪The fist and wrist should be straight — not bent up or down ▪Hands and feet should complete their movements at the same time ▪Transitions between movements should be on the balls of the feet 29

30 Stances (Seogi) ▪Close Stance (Moa Seogi) ▪ The feet should be touching at both the heels and the toes ▪ Both legs are straight 30

31 Stances (Seogi) ▪Ready Stance or Parallel Stance (Naranhi Seogi) ▪One “foot” wide ▪The feet are parallel with each other ▪The legs are straight — no bend at the knees 31

32 Stances (Seogi) ▪Horse Riding Stance (Juchoom Seogi) ▪ Two “feet” wide ▪ Feet are parallel with each other ▪ Legs are bent — only the end of the toes are visible from the competitor’s eye ▪ Weight should be concentrated inwardly and the abdomen should be tightened ▪ Upper body should be straight ▪ Knees should be in line with the hips and feet 32

33 Stances (Seogi) ▪Forward Inflection Walking Stance (Ap Seogi) ▪ Distance from the toe to the heel should be about one foot length ▪ The inside edges of the feet should be on the same line (the back may be rotated up to 30˚) 33

34 Basic Motions ▪Forward Inflection Front Stance (Ap Kubi) ▪ Distance from the toe to the heel should be about two and a half foot lengths ▪ Inside edges of the feet should be approximately one fist width wide ▪ The back foot may be rotated 30˚ at most ▪ Front leg should be bent to be even with the toes of the foot from competitor’s viewpoint ▪ Rear leg heel needs to stay on the floor ▪ About two-thirds of the weight on the front leg 34

35 Stances (Seogi) ▪Backward Inflection Stance (Dwit Kubi) ▪ The rear foot should be turned to 90˚ ▪ The rear leg should be bent to be even with the toes of the foot when you look down ▪ The distance from the rear foot to the front foot should be two foot lengths ▪ About 2/3rds of the weight on the rear leg ▪ The rear foot, knee, hip and shoulder should be in the same vertical line 35

36 Stances (Seogi) ▪Left / Right Stance (Oreun / Wen Seogi) ▪ The rear foot should be turned to 90˚ ▪ Both legs remain straight ▪ The distance from the rear foot to the front foot should be one foot length ▪ Weight is evenly distributed 36

37 Stances (Seogi) ▪Back Cross Stance (Dwit Kkoa Seogi) ▪ Front leg 45˚ and carries the weight ▪ Ball of foot of the rear leg is about one fist width away from the heel of the front foot 37

38 Stances (Seogi) ▪Front Cross Stance (Ap Kkoa Seogi) ▪ The rear leg about 30˚ bearing most of the weight ▪ Ball of foot of the front leg is about one fist away from the rear leg 38

39 Stances (Seogi) ▪Tiger Stance (Beom Seogi) ▪ The rear foot is turned about 30˚ ▪ The rear foot support all of the weight ▪ The rear knee bent to have the knee even with the toes when you look down ▪ The front foot is put one foot ahead on the same line with only the ball of the foot touching the ground lightly ▪ Alignment of shoulders depends on hand movements ▪ The upper body should almost be straight ▪ The knees should be close together 39

40 Stances (Seogi) ▪Crane Stance (Hakdari Seogi) ▪ The height of the crane stance should be the same as the horse riding stance ▪ Rear leg is bent ▪ Lifted leg has the inner crook of the foot on the inner crook of the knee ▪ Lifted leg is does not have pointed toes ▪ The lifted leg should be straight forward 40

41 Basic Movements 41

42 Basic Movements 42

43 Basic Movements 43

44 Basic Movements 44

45 Basic Movements 45

46 Basic Movements 46

47 Basic Movements 47

48 Basic Movements 48

49 Basic Movements 49

50 Basic Movements 50

51 Slow Movements - 5 seconds movements 51

52 Slow Movements - 8 seconds movements 52

53 Poomsae Score Sheet 53

54 Poomsae Score Sheet ▪Accuracy is scored as the competitor performs the Poomsae ▪Presentation criteria are scored after the completion of the Poomsae ▪ This is similar to the “old way” — but don’t include accuracy errors, as they have already been penalized 54

55 Poomsae Score Sheet ▪Accuracy accounts for 40% of the total score ▪ Subtract 0.1 for minor errors ▪Use a slash mark ( / ) to indicate each error ▪“Correct technique performed incorrectly” ▪Bent wrist, sloppy stance, slight imbalance etc. ▪ Subtract 0.3 for severe errors ▪Use an “O” to indicate each error ▪Major mistakes in execution ▪No Kiyap, extra Kiyap, extra technique, incorrect technique, looking the wrong direction, not returning to starting point (except Keumgang, Jitae etc. 55

56 Poomsae Score Sheet ▪Presentation accounts for 60% of the total score ▪ 2.0 is perfect, not realistically attainable (so don’t use it) ▪ Guideline: Think of 1.4 as an average score for a world class competitor for each category ▪1.7 – 1.9 Excellent ▪1.4 – 1.6 Very Good ▪1.1 – 1.3 Good ▪0.8 – 1.0 Fair ▪0.5 – 0.7 Poor ▪ Circle the score for each of the three categories 56

57 Poomsae Score Sheet ▪Totaling the Score Sheet ▪ You will report two scores to the head table: ▪Your Accuracy score (ranging from 0.0 to 4.0) ▪Your Presentation score (ranging from 1.5 to 5.0) ▪ The head table then computes the total score ▪Drops the low and high from each of the two scoring categories (Accuracy and Presentation) ▪Adds the remaining scores in each category together and averages them ▪Adds the scores of both categories to arrive at an overall total for each competitor 57

58 Poomsae Judges Score Sheet ▪Totaling the Score Sheet ▪ Because each competitor performs two forms, the process is repeated for the second performance ▪ Finally, the two total scores for both forms are averaged together for the competitor’s overall score for that round 58

59 Poomsae Score Sheet ▪Score Sheet Example ▪ There is a blank score sheet in the appendix, and additional copies will be provided for practice ▪ Notice that there are two scores to report to the recorder’s table — Accuracy and Presentation ▪The total on the score sheet is for your use only ▪ Also note that with this method, you have two opportunities to participate in the scoring process ▪If you are the high or low in either the Accuracy or Presentation, only that portion of your score gets dropped 59

60 Coordinator Procedure ▪ Commands for 2 Poomsae 60

61 Examples of Minor Deductions ▪– 0.1 minor deductions for technical ▪ Incorrect angle of feet in stances ▪ Poor chamber or recoil of kicks ▪ Blocking past midline of body (when midline is the target) ▪ Incorrect motion (for correct technique) ▪ Slightly poor balance (if it affects the accuracy of the movement) ▪ Kicking with wrong part of foot ▪ Hand wrapped around elbow strike (fingers should be straight) ▪ Incorrect thumb placement 61

62 Examples of Minor Deductions ▪– 0.1 minor deductions for technical ▪ Incorrect number of motions (dongjak) in one sequence (poom) ▪ Stance and hand technique do not finish at the same time ▪ Blocking / striking not at the realistic target height (e.g., groin, solar plexus, philtrum) ▪ Blocking motion starts on inside of opposite arm rather than outside ▪ Striking motion starts from outside of opposite arm rather than inside 62

63 Examples of 0.1 Deductions ▪Important! Every minor mistake is a – 0.1 deduction ▪ No maximum deduction for the same error ▪Deductions for presentation (what to consider while formulating score) ▪ Slight hesitations ▪ Lack of rhythm ▪ Lack of alternating relaxation and tension ▪ Lack of flexibility and grace ▪ Incorrect or unkempt uniform 63

64 Examples of Major Deductions ▪– 0.3 major deductions for technical ▪ Wrong or omitted movement ▪ Missed Kiyap or Kiyap at the wrong movement ▪ Ending position differs from the starting position by more than a one foot ▪Exceptions: Keumgang, Jitae ▪ Unnecessary foot noise in stance or stepping ▪ Confusion or pausing for more than 3 seconds during performance ▪ Stamping movement performed without enough power and sound 64

65 Examples of Major Deductions ▪– 0.3 major deductions for technical ▪ Looking in the wrong direction ▪ Significant loss of balance in performing a movement 65

66 Examples of Major Deductions ▪Major deductions for presentation (what to consider while formulating score) ▪ Eye focus or breathing not corresponding to the movement of motion ▪ Lack of fluency in movement ▪ Movements show lack of flexibility ▪ Lack of energy or force 66

67 Other Major Deductions ▪Crossing the boundary line (– 0.3) ▪Exceeding or below the time limit (– 0.3) ▪These should be determined by the recorders’ table ▪ Referee may bring any such violations to recorder’s attention ▪ These deductions are taken off the final form score ▪ Restart (– 0.6) ▪ Forgive any accuracy mistake before restarting, then take – 0.6 off from accuracy ▪ i.e., After restarting, accuracy score should start with

68 Gam-jeom Penalties ▪The Referee declares any penalties for prohibited acts ▪Gam-jeom penalties include: ▪ Uttering undesirable remarks or any misconduct on the part of a contestant or a coach ▪ Any act that intentionally interferes with another competitor, coach or official ▪If a competitor is assessed two Gam-jeom deductions, they are declared loser on penalties 68

69 Freestyle Poomsae ▪Duration: 60 – 70 seconds ▪Competition area: ▪ Individual and Pair: 10m x 10m ▪ Mixed Team: 12m x 12m ▪Must perform with music ▪ No music: Disqualification 69

70 Freestyle Poomsae Divisions ▪Pair: 1 Male, 1 Female ▪Mixed team: 3 Males 2 Females, or 2 Males 3 Females ▪ One substitute (optional) 70

71 Freestyle Poomsae Scoring Criteria ▪Total score: 10 points ▪ Technical score: 6 points ▪Mandatory kicking techniques: 5 points ▪Basic movement and practicality: 1 point ▪ Presentation score: 4 points ▪Creativeness ▪Harmony ▪Expression of Energy ▪Music and Choreography 71

72 Freestyle Poomsae Scoring Criteria 72

73 Mandatory Kicking Techniques ▪Height of jump kick ▪ Jumping side kick ▪Number of kicks in a jump ▪ Jumping front kick ▪Gradient of spin ▪ Jump spinning kick ▪Performance level of consecutive kicks ▪ Kyorugi style kicks ▪ Must start with bouncing steps ▪Acrobatic actions ▪ No kick, no score 73

74 Mandatory Kicking Techniques ▪Must be performed in sequence ▪ No point for any technique performed out of sequence ▪ Perform the same kicking technique multiple times, count only the first one for technical score ▪ Any subsequent kick can be considered for presentation score 74

75 Mandatory Stances ▪Back stance (Dwitkubi) ▪Tiger stance (Beom seogi) ▪Crane stance (Hakdari seogi) ▪May perform in any part of the routine ▪May perform in any order ▪Missed mandatory stance: -0.3 each 75

76 Freestyle Poomsae Scoring Sheet 76

77 Freestyle Poomsae Videos ▪2014 World Poomsae Championships ▪Senior Female Individual, Gold (USA) ▪https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GZ1QmEZjceQhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GZ1QmEZjceQ ▪Senior Mixed Team, Gold (PHI) ▪https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4S3srslYrhohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4S3srslYrho 77


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