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Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se1 Photonics Systems Roadmap 2005-2010 June 2005 Örjan Mattsson.

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Presentation on theme: "Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se1 Photonics Systems Roadmap 2005-2010 June 2005 Örjan Mattsson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se1 Photonics Systems Roadmap 2005-2010 June 2005 Örjan Mattsson

2 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se2 Year 0Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5 Performance, bitratexdistance Optical: 9 month Storage 12 month Silicon: 18 month (Moore’s Law) Time to Double Photonics Systems Earlier primarily technology driven

3 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se3 ASON? DIG MUX PROTECTION ADM DXC OED NG SDH D/CWDM O xc ROADM PDH 1980> SDH 1990> Next Gen 2000> 2010> Automatic Switched Opt. Ntwk Point-to-PointNetworkingDatacentricDynamic SDH PDH ASON? Photonics Systems Hierarchies

4 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se4 General Trends  Data becoming the dominating traffic type  Multiservice network based on IP  Fast expansion of broadband subscribers  The convergence between fixed and mobile  The open network concept

5 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se5 2000 Year Volume Voice 5% Data Internet +70% Non IP +30% But revenues per bit are falling with 50% a year Traffic type and yearly growth Today doubling in capacity every 18 months, earlier 5-10 years !

6 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se6 TRIPLE PLAY MultiService Network TRIPLE PLAY MultiService Network PSTN TELEPHONY CATV TV FIBER LAN INTERNET Internet,IP-TVInternet, VoIPIPTV, VoIP DSL Modem  Multiservice network all IP based, extending Internet access to Triple Play service  Strong competition between different access providers/operators as PTT (DSL), CATV (modem) and greenfielders (fiber, radio). DSL will run into speed problems.  PTT starts to support FTTx, Japan installs more fiber than ADSL. Korea next generation access 100 Mb/s FTTx. Verizon invests 10- 20 BUSD in a coming 10-20 years period

7 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se7 The Converged Multiservice Broadband Network DATADATA IMAGEIMAGEVOICEVOICE Multimedia over IP IETF (Internet)IEEE (Ethernet, WLAN) ITU-T (Telecom) DVB ( TV distr.) Lack of common standards Triple Play

8 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se8 Broadband Subscribers growth Broadband defined as more than ISDN and “ Always On” Source: Point Topic, 2003 2004 ADSL 60 96 Cable 36 49 Fiber 2 3 Tot 100 150 Mlines  Broadband subscribers growth 50%, makes it the fastest growing in telecom sector  Traffic volume per subscriber have similar growth, i.e. doubling in total traffic  Asia 43% share of broadband lines, America 29% and Europe 28%  South Korea leading in penetration, 24,8 lines per 100 people, Sweden 14,4 lines corresponding to more than 30% of the households  Fiber has significant contribution in, Italy, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, China

9 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se9 MULTI-SERVICE IPbased PSTN TELEPHONY CATV TV FIBER, WLAN INTERNET xDSL Internet Cable Modem Internet IP-telephony IPTV MSTN MOBILE TELEPHONY Mobile Internet DVB-H, DMB Step 1: Common services and service platforms Step 2: Roaming with session continuity, always best connected Step 2: Common core and metro aggregation ntwk, separate access The Converged Multiservice Fixed and mobile Network

10 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se10 The Open Network – The Multi Operator Network Service- providers End Users Det öppna nätetThe Open Network All Service Providers can reach and be reached by all End Users

11 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se11 Application and Services in the Multiservice Broadband network Private Sector  Internet access, 10 Mb/s-> 100 Mb/s  IP telephony, picture phone  IP-TV and VoD, SDTV/ HDTV 5/20Mb/s  Real time access to work environment  Interactive games, 10 Mb/s +  Public services Enterprise Sector  LAN interconnect, GbE and MbE  ATM, connection oriented packet service  VPN, Virtual Private Network layer1/ 2 / 3  Storage network, Ficon,Escon, Fiber Ch.  SIP based communication VoIP, video,..  Video Conference QoS, N x Mb/s Public Sector  E-government services, QoS as triple play  E- health, E-education  VPN networks for public authorities  Local Information channel  Enterprise sector services Network Services  VPN tunnels  IPv6, IP sec  Peering  Peer-to-peer ( file sharing)  Nomadic access

12 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se12 Energy monitoring Video- konference Alarme Lock Laundrybo oking Real Estate services Ethernet HDTV Home station Set Top Box 100 Mb/s sym. SM, MM,Cat5 O/E IP TV Computers Telephone Interactive Gaming 2x20 Mb/s TV-channels + VoD services Triple Play 10-50 Mb/s 2x5 Mb/s The broadband connected household

13 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se13 Metro/Regio- nal Network Core Optical Network Network Trends  The future network will be based on IP/ packet aiming at convergence and layer reduction, simplification and flexibility.  It is a multiservice network handling best effort traffic, QoS data and legacy services. Still open issues how to do it.  Ethernet, due to its low cost,is migrating into public domain but lacks today carrier class transport properties  Next Gen Optical Products can handle both packet and TDM traffic and can interact with legacy equipment and network  Intelligence in the optical layer will allow remote network configuration. A common control plane with the IP layer will enable automated switched network ASON/ GMPLS  Optical transparency to reduce the need of O-E-O conversions Broadband Access

14 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se14 Enter- prise Access Access network : Critical regarding capex as every cost is per subscriber but well defined from user and service perspective. Metro access: Multiarchitecture challenge. Aggregation of all subscriber services with different QoS to multioperators and multiservices core network Transport mainly handled by OED:s, sometimes CWDM is added. Core network: Architectural issues including interoperability in the metro core, where mainly NG-SDH/ SDH and DWDM with (R)OADM are used. Technological challenges in the backbone network with ”fat” pipes of DWDM and higher order SDH. Grooming and switching in OXC. Metro Access Metro Access AN EN AN Backbone Core XC Metro Core XC Cross Connect EN Edge Node AN Access Node Residential Access Residential Access AN DSL,Cable Fiber, Radio OED Simplified view of the fixed network

15 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se15 I P ( MPLS) EthernetATMFR Ethernet SDH Opto Lambda 3 2 1 0.5 OSI layered network Ethernet GFP Ethernet VC STM OTN ODU OH FEC SDH (G 707)OTN ( G709) IETF ITU-T Two important set of standards to more efficient handle data traffic MPLS, label switching  Circuit oriented packet switching  Traffic engineering (protection,..)  Traffic separation (VPN tunnelling)  Basis for GMPLS GFP, Generic Framing Procedure  Standard mapping of data into frames OTN, Optical Transport Network  New frame structure, parallel with SDH  Direct mapping of data on wavelength

16 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se16 Switching and Transparency 2 3 GMPLS 1 2 3 1 4 OXC Dynamic handling of network resources  ITU-T has defined an architecture for ASON,  Automatic Switched Optical network  IETF has extended MPLS to GMPLS( Generalized) and defined a common control for layer 3-1 incl. lambda  That way traffic engineering, layer optimization, protection switching can be handled over all layers Dynamic handling of optical resources  By introducing OXC and ROADM in the network remote control of the optical layer can be achieved and if controlled by GMPLS extended to layer 2 and 3  Optical transparency means dynamic handling in the optical domain. By avoiding unnecessary O-E-O conversions substantial capex can be saved.  50-80% of Internet node traffic is typically pass-through

17 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se17 AON PON P2P 1-fAPONVDSLCAT5E ADSL EPON similar as P2P Planning Installation Active eqt Passive eqt Urban Areas Fiber Access  FTTx where x can be H (home), B (basement), C (curb) or N (neighborhood)  Singel or multimode fiber, trend SM, one or two fibers  AON ( PtP) or PON (PtMP), Europe AON, US and Asia PON. PON lower cost, AON is more flexible  FTTx systems are today quite competitive in urban areas  Fixed radio access alternative in rural areas FWA, TDD and Wimax

18 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se18 FE/ GbE STM 1-64 ETD NG-SDH FE/ GbE E1 / E3 Escon,Ficon STM 1-4 Client side Server side TDM MUX Switch L2/ L3 Circuit Emul. CWDM Big family of products from simple media converters to boxes having integrated switching, routing and CWDM functionality ETD, Ethernet Transport Devices  Ethernet transport still an issue. No carrier class standard exist today, proprietary OAM (Operation & Maintenance)  ETD mainly used in metro aggregation and at enterprise premises NG- SDH, Next generation SDH  Use of GFP to map Ethernet into SDH frames  Using all transport features of SDH, can interoperate with legacy SDH  NG-SDH is used in Metro access and core networks, rings and mesh Optical Edge Devices, OED Multi-Service Provisioning Platform, MSPP

19 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se19 WDM  First generation WDM was used for fiber ”multiplication” of SDH  State of art long haul DWDM today is 80+80 (C+L band) channels, each 10 Gb/s i.e 1.6 Tb/s. Repeater distance 400 km, regeneration 6000 km !  OTN standardization and lower transponder cost has opened up Metro applications where WDM also can be used to separate services  Two versions, DWDM (Dense) 80 channels and CWDM (Coarse) 8 ch OADM  OADM:s are used to create multinode networks, often ring based  ROADM (reconfigurable) will be introduced in the future to achieve dynamic network, faster provisioning and automated restoration WDM system and (R)-OADM

20 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se20 OXC, Optical Cross Connect Aggr TRx SDH Eth Aggr Wavelength switching SDH 155M switching Aggr TRx SDH Eth Aggr OOO OEO ROADM Three different types of OXC exist, OOO, OEO and combined  OOO is an optical or electrical based switch fabrics performing wavelength switching  OEO is an electrical switch providing grooming and switching (STM 155) including ethernet mapping  OXC as network component is handling the bandwidth management, network and platform consolidation  By common control plane remotely controlled a dynamic network is established controlled by OXC. OOO will extend that to wavelength level  For smaller applications ROADM, reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer, is used instead of OXC  Both OOO optical switch fabrics and ROADM are based on immature and expensive technologies but that will improve over the coming years

21 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se21 Optical Networking Market

22 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se22 Market Outlook and Trends Photonics System  Market finally has turned around, 15 % increase in 2004 but still conservative forecast for next 5 years. Compare with 30 BUSD in bubble year 2001!  Next generation products constitute 60% of the market and Metro access network is the fastest growing segment  OED:s 40 % of the market, the majority being NG-SDH  OXC market share dropped to 5 % but will recover and take over DXC:s 10%  ROADM:s will overtake the OADM market share of 20% the coming 5 years  Metro WDM market share around 10%, growing with 15% per year  Long haul DWDM market is about 10 % and quite flat Access systems (data)  Total market 2004 was 8 BUSD split between DSL, Cable modem, FTTx and access routers and switches +10% per year 2004 2010 Revenue 10 BUSD

23 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se23 Components and Technology Modules  - Mechanically standardized Tx/Rx modules up to 10 Gb/s direct pluggable  - Tunable lasers not yet a mature technology  - OEIC in InGaAsP far away commercially but integration is necessary for 100 Gb/s  - VCEL lasers interesting due to better yield but still a challenge for 1.3 and 1.55 Passive components  - Fibergitter is established today as filter technology for WDM.  - Tunable filters for ROADM:s costly today, will improve the coming years  - Optical cross connect technologies as MEMS and X-switches have reliability issues  - Dispersion compensation is based on fiber today but growing interest for gitter due to smaller dimension Optical Amplifiers  EDFA dominating type. Big inventories have reduced development interest but now more focus on metro and access market  Raman amplifier has issues with safety etc  EDWA potentially a very low cost device but requires substantial development  SOA, suffering from performance issues Technology  The overall issues with optical technology are size,low integration, lack of memory and processing capability  Merits are speed, attenuation and sensitivity  Photonic Crystals new area which can offer high Q filters, negative refraction index !  Metallic Optics future potential for integrated optics, even memory chips but long way to go

24 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se24 The Swedish position, Market  The ”IT for all” program 1999 initiated a massive fiber built out and creation of more than 200 public owned city networks  From a position as one of the leaders in broadband Sweden has lost some momentum but still high percentage of fiber access  Strong competition today between Telia (ADSL), B2, Cable TV operators and the city networks, totally 20 national and 59 regional operators  Lowest Internet access prices in Europe and a clear trend to offer triple play but market needs consolidation  Most city networks follow the open network concept, growing interest in other countries Broadband Subscriptions in Sweden, Q3 2004 TeliaSonera; 36% B2/Bostream; 26% Glocalnet; 3% Spray (incl Tiscali); 4% UPC; 7% com hem; 12% Tele2; 3% Others; 9%

25 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se25 FTTH in Europe Concentrated in 4 countries (Sweden, Italy, Denmark and the Netherlands) Source: IDATE

26 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se26 The Swedish position, industry Earlier strong position in photonics due to successful collaboration between Ericsson, Telia, universities and institutes. Today much more fragmented picture System vendors  Ericsson, Own development in broadband access but sourcing optical transport products. Ericsson strategy for convergence and BB growth?  Packet Front, Broadband access systems with provisioning for multiservice as key feature. Very fast growing, founders from B2 and Cisco  Transmode (Lumentis), D/CWDM systems, No. 2 worldwide CWDM. Metro WDM applications with built in OXC. Founders from Ericsson  Net insight.NG-SDH product based on DTM offering TDM multicasting. Strong in video transport. Founders from Ericsson and KTH  Wavium, OXC lambda switch based on electrical core with a powerful management system. Recently restructured, founders from Telia Modules, components  Zarlink, strong in VCEL Northligh active in transmitters and EDFA and Proximion focusing on fiber gitter for dispersion compensation the only vendors with some size.  Examples on small start ups PhoXtal( diplexer and bistable ROADM switch), InvOpto (low power,small size optical links), Cernolux(T- OADM), Accilon (polari- and spectro meter) and Syntune (tunable lasers).  They need marketing support to reach the global market as no ” Ericsson” exists

27 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se27 The Swedish position, Research  The Swedish research in Photonics is mainly concentrated to three organizations, Acreo, KTH and Chalmers  High international class in respective special areas but ongoing struggle with financing Acreo, research institute located in Kista, photonics and optical networking, and in Hudiksvall, fiber research. Most of the research in Photonics is done together with KTH in their JV KPRC (Kista Photonics Research Center). Acreo is operating the national test bed located in Hudiksvall (metro access) and in Stockholm (metro core) and a high speed link in between. The test bed with real test pilots is a meeting place for the different actors as vendors, operators, service provider. It is part of three BB EU projects. KTH and KPRC is strong in high speed modulators, laser technology, gratings, packaging and photonic crystals and quantum optics Chalmers has its main focus in high speed modulation, polarization mode dispersion and lasers and work closely with its microtechnology lab.

28 Photonics systems roadmap www.isa.se28 Summary  Due to Internet the traffic volume is growing with almost doubling every year and at the same time price per bit is falling dramatically.  To meet this challenge operators are introducing ”next generation IP based network”, handling best effort, QoS data and legacy services.  It is supported by next generation photonics systems, optimized for data traffic and offering dynamic, optical transparency and switching  The number of broadband subscribers are growing with impressive 50% per year. Triple play i.e. convergence between tele, data and media will increase access speed and support fiber access built  Sweden is a mature IT nation willing to explore the broadband society. We have still competence in photonics, both system and research and maybe the rapid growth in the broadband sector and the convergence between fixed and mobile can improve the situation and create a new interest for broadband and photonics. The market has just started!

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