Presentation on theme: "Immigration: a Threat or a Solution? Latvian Case Anitra Plūme, Acting Head of Foreigners Service Department, Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs."— Presentation transcript:
Immigration: a Threat or a Solution? Latvian Case Anitra Plūme, Acting Head of Foreigners Service Department, Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs Warsaw, 24th April, 2008
Some facts: Total number of inhabitants of Latvia in – Population by nationality: Latvia (citizens) – Estonia – 906 Latvia (non-citizens) – Germany Russia – 29182USA Lithuania – 3392Moldova Ukraine – 3063 Other Belorussia
Migration flows in Latvia in (thousands) ImmigrationEmigrationBalance
Migration after 1991 Department of Migration Affairs was established in 19th April 1991; Number of annual immigration rapidly decreased and migration balance in 1991 – 1995 was negative: First national legislative acts in the area of migration were adopted and among them – the most important: “Law on Entry and Residence of Foreign Citizens and Stateless Persons into the Republic of Latvia” 9th June 1992.
WHAT HAPPENS NOW?
The Main Challenge in the field of migration in Latvia: lack of labour force pressure of employers → intergovernmental working group (July 2006) → “Concept of Migration Policy in the Context of Employment” (submitted in the Cabinet of Ministers – May 2007)
“Concept of Migration Policy in the Context of Employment”: Reduced state duty for issuance of a residence and work permit; “One-stop agency” for obtaining a residence and work permit; Fast track procedure in cases if there has been substantial lack of labour force detected in certain areas of employment
Positive aspects of simplified labour migration policy: - Possibility to react flexibly to the changes in labour market; - Luck of labour force does not pose a threat to the economical development; - It is possible to maintain a competitiveness in the international market in a short-time period; - Growth of salaries corresponds to the growth of productivity; - Possibility to attract more highly-qualified workers.
Negative aspects of simplified labour migration policy: - Does not stimulate return of Latvian citizens who work in other EU countries; - Social problems in case of unemployment; - Negative impact on development of internal labour market; - Employers might slow down improvements in areas of social guaranties, employment conditions and research&development.
Problems of introduction of new migration policy: -migration – politically sensitive question in Latvia (historical experience); -xenofobic attitude of native population; -lack of integration policy.
Thank you for your attention! Contacts: phone: Čiekurkalna 1.līnija 1, Rīga, LV-1026