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European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness Peter Corbeel Rulemaking Directorate.

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Presentation on theme: "European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness Peter Corbeel Rulemaking Directorate."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness Peter Corbeel Rulemaking Directorate

2 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness Certificate of Airworthiness (CoA) Overview: Introduction / General Issue of CoA for new aircraft from EU Transfer of used aircraft within EU Import of aircraft from non-EU countries New Used

3 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA Introduction Principles: Issuance and continued validity covered by Part-21 Subparts H in Section A and B + Forms 25 and 15 CoA when conforming to (EASA) TC Unlimited duration; validity controlled through Airworthiness Review Certificate Easy transfer within EU (EU Treaty) Export covered by bilaterals only Bilaterals can override Part-21

4 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA Introduction Problems: Subpart H has no AMC/GM (except for Section B) No “escape” clause for special cases (except article 14) Bilaterals not always clear on what can be accepted

5 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA General EASA Form 25: CoA Dimensions: DIN A5 Block 2 manufacturer and designation of aircraft: in accordance with EASA TC Block 4: Categories: see letter to NAAs (to become GM)letter Block 5, Limitations/remark: information coming from Agency TC English translation

6 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA General Grandfathering/transition CoA issued by NAA before 28-09-03 were deemed to be issued in accordance with Part-21 NAAs could issue CoA of limited duration till 28-09-08

7 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA General Continued validity: 21A.181 Compliance with type design and continuing airworthiness requirements TC still valid 21B.330 NAA shall suspend/revoke if conditions of 21A.181 are not met

8 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from within EU

9 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from EU Applicable rules: 21A.174(a), (b)2 and (c) Application 21A.175 Language 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but also 21A.163(b) POA privileges 21B.320 Investigation 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA 21B.345 Record keeping

10 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from EU Application Application form (established by NAA) Statement of Conformity: Form 52 Weight & balance report + loading schedule Flight Manual No other documents can be required

11 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from EU 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA (i) Check application documents (ii): conformity and condition for safe operation: covered by Statement of Conformity possible inspection? Respect 21A.163(b): only aircraft and available documents:  Statement of Conformity: Form 52  Weight & balance report + loading schedule  Flight Manual

12 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from EU 21B.325 Issue of CoA NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of Section A Subpart H are met NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness Review Certificate (Form 15a)

13 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from within EU

14 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from EU Applicable rules: 21A.174(a) and (b)3. Application 21A.175 Language 21A.179(a)2. Transferability 21B.320 Investigation 21B.325(a) Issue of CoA 21B.345 Record keeping

15 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from EU Application Application form (established by NAA) Valid ARC (can also be one which is issued in accordance with Part -21) Before issuance CoA from other NAA 21A.175 is complied with No other documents can be required

16 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from EU Article 10.5 exemptions: Until Part M is fully applicable CoA of limited duration is considered equivalent to COA of limited duration + ARC 21A.183 not applicable Old ARC remains valid but needs to be amended to list the new registration Except national ARCs: see next slide (FKN) Transfer of unairworthy aircraft is possible

17 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness Once the ARC has been issued after importation from a third country, the new operator shall comply with Part-M, in particular with M.A.305. The aircraft shall freely circulate within the EU Member States in accordance with M.A.903. One exception: Aircraft having a national ARC as follows: For aircraft involved in commercial air transport, a national ARC issued prior to 28 September 2008 (will be valid until 28 September 2009 or until expiration, whichever comes first). For aircraft not involved in commercial air transport, a national ARC issued following the new article 3.4 contained in Regulation 1056/2008. Transfer of aircraft between Member States

18 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from outside EU

19 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from outside EU Applicable rules: 21A.174(a), (b)2 and (c) Application 21A.175 Language 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but taking into account bilateral agreements 21B.320 Investigation 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA 21B.345 Record keeping

20 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from outside EU Application Application form (established by NAA) Statement by exporting Authority that aircraft conforms to EASA TC Weight & balance report + loading schedule Flight Manual

21 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from outside EU 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA (i) Check application documents (ii) conformity and condition for safe operation; possible inspection taking into account the applicable bilateral agreement Next slide: 2042/2003 (FKN)

22 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness According to Regulation 2042/2003 as amended by Regulation 1056/2008 of 27 October 2008, an airworthiness review is not required for new aircraft imported from a third country (M.A.904(a)2). CoA for new aircraft from outside EU

23 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for new aircraft from outside EU 21B.325 Issue of CoA NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of Section A Subpart H are met NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness Review Certificate (Form 15a)

24 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU

25 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Applicable rules: 21A.174(a), (b)3 and (c) Application 21A.175 Language 21A.183.1 Issue of CoA, but taking into account bilateral agreements 21B.320 Investigation 21B.325(a) and (b) Issue of CoA 21B.345 Record keeping

26 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Application Application form (established by NAA) Statement by exporting Authority regarding airworthiness status of aircraft Weight & balance report + loading schedule Flight Manual Historical records Recommendation for issuance of CoA after airworthiness review

27 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Statement by exporting Authority regarding airworthiness status of aircraft is a must Can be export CoA Can also be recent CoA However: Danish article 14.6 (10.5) exemption: Approved by Commission 21.06.2006 Alternative to statement by exporting authority: TC holder certifies that aircraft is in compliance with TC, endorsed by State of Design

28 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Historical records: Production standard: initial CoA or export CoA Modification standard: changes, STCs and repairs incorporated Maintenance standard: see presentation by Frederic Knecht (after this slide) However: Danish article 14.6 (10.5) exemption: Missing history regarding maintenance can be compensated by maintenance bridging check

29 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CURRENT REQUIREMENTS: M.A.305(b): The aircraft continuing airworthiness record system shall contain: Aircraft log book. Engine log book(s) or engine module log cards. Propeller log book(s). Log cards for service life limited components. Operator’s technical log. Service life limited component: This covers not only those components with a life limit but also those with a maintenance schedule. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

30 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CURRENT REQUIREMENTS: M.A.305(c): The aircraft log book shall contain: Aircraft type and registration mark. Dates, flight time, flight cycles, landings. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

31 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CURRENT REQUIREMENTS: M.A.305(d): The aircraft continuing airworthiness record system shall contain the current: Status of ADs and other safety measures. Status of modifications and repairs. Status of compliance with the maintenance programme. Status of service life limited components. Mass and balance report. List of deferred maintenance. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

32 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness Currently, M.A.305(e) contains the records and information required for any installed component. However, Opinion 06/2005 (still pending Commission approval) proposed to limit these requirements to engines, propellers, engine modules and service life limited components. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

33 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness M.A.305(e) as amended by Opinion 06/2005 requires the following documents and information: EASA Form 1 or equivalent. Identification of the component. The type, serial number and registration, as appropriate, of the aircraft, engine, propeller, engine module or service life limited component to which the particular component has been fitted, along with the reference to the removal and installation of the component. The date together with the particular component accumulated total flight time and/or flight cycles and/or calendar time, as appropriate. The information contained in M.A.305(d). Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

34 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness M.A.305(h) as amended by Opinion 06/2005 requires the following records to be kept during the following periods: All detailed maintenance records in respect of the aircraft and any service life limited component fitted thereto, at least 24 months after the aircraft or component was permanently withdrawn from service. Until such time as the information contained therein is superseded by new information equivalent in scope and detail but not less than 24 months after the aircraft or component has been released to service. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

35 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness M.A.305(h).... The total time in service (hours, calendar time, cycles and landings) and flight cycles as appropriate of the aircraft and all life limited components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service. The time and flight cycles as appropriate, since last scheduled maintenance of the component subjected to a service life limit, at least until the component scheduled maintenance has been superseded by another scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

36 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness M.A.305(h).... The current status of compliance with the maintenance programme such that compliance with the approved aircraft maintenance programme can be established, at least until the aircraft or component scheduled maintenance has been superseded by other scheduled maintenance of equivalent work scope and detail. The current status of ADs applicable to the aircraft and components, at least 12 months after the aircraft or component has been permanently withdrawn from service. Details of current modifications and repairs of the aircraft, engine(s), propeller(s) and any other component vital to flight safety, at least 12 months after they have been permanently withdrawn from service. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

37 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness KEY POINTS EXTRACTED FROM M.A.305 (as modified by Opinion 06/2005): The EASA Form 1 or equivalent must be retained as part of the aircraft continuing airworthiness records only for engines, propellers, engine modules and service life limited components. This must be retained by the operator until the maintenance action has been superseded by a new action equivalent in scope and detail, but not less than 24 months since the maintenance action was released. NOTE: This requirement is different and independent from the one contained in 145.A.55, where the maintenance organisation shall retain during 2 years since the release to service all detailed maintenance records of the aircraft or any component. Aircraft continuing airworthiness record system – M.A.305

38 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness The M.A.305 requirements described before are only applicable to aircraft contained in Article 1 of 2042/2003, that is: Aircraft registered in a Member State, or Aircraft registered in a third country and used by an operator for which a Member State ensures oversight of operations. As a consequence, they are not applicable to the previous life of an aircraft being imported into the EU (as long as it was not used by an EU operator). This means that: An EASA Form 1 or equivalent can not be expected for the installed components. Other releases to service or serviceable tags may be acceptable to the importing competent authority, depending on possible bilateral arrangements with the exporting country. Missing information will be subject to a bridging programme, proposed by the CAMO issuing the recommendation and agreed by the authority (may include re-certification of components). Import of a used aircraft from a third country

39 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness The position of the Agency is that these records should only be requested for engines, propellers and service life limited components, not being required for on-condition components. Import of a used aircraft from a third country

40 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU Aircraft can be in unairworthy condition at time of export Need to be addressed on statement by exporting authority Statement to include exception(s) or waiver(s) Recommendation for issuance of CoA can only be made when aircraft is airworthy

41 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU 21A.183.2 Issue of CoA (i) application documents shall confirm that aircraft conforms to TC, STC approved repairs and applicable ADs Inspected in accordance with Part M (ii) conformity and condition for safe operation; possible inspection taking into account the applicable bilateral agreement

42 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness CoA for used aircraft from outside EU 21B.325 Issue of CoA NAA shall issue CoA if conditions of Section A Subpart H are met NAA shall also issue initial Airworthiness Review Certificate (Form 15a)

43 European Aviation Safety Agency Certificates of Airworthiness END


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