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Cross-border merger registration Practical Experiences in Cross-border Merger Registration – Case Finland Sakari Kauppinen Deputy Director National Board.

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Presentation on theme: "Cross-border merger registration Practical Experiences in Cross-border Merger Registration – Case Finland Sakari Kauppinen Deputy Director National Board."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Cross-border merger registration Practical Experiences in Cross-border Merger Registration – Case Finland Sakari Kauppinen Deputy Director National Board of Patents and Registration

3 Cross-border merger registration Legislation implemented cross-border merger operations were started already in autumn Implementation of the mergers was registered only when the legislation had entered into force. No pre-merger certificates were issued before the implementation.

4 Cross-border merger registration 13 cases of cross-border merger operations in Finland. No cases of cross-border demergers (divisions). Foreign acquiring company in 5 cases (Icelandic, Danish, Dutch or Estonian company) Finnish acquiring company in 8 cases (merging company from Denmark, Luxembourg, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania). One case involving more than two countries.

5 Cross-border merger registration Kaupthing Bank Oyj -> Kaupthing Bank h.f. (Iceland, struck off ) Kemira GrowHow Danmark Oy <- Kemira GrowHow Danmark A/S (Denmark, implemented ) Manhattan Acquisition Oy <- Real Estate Iso Omena S.a.r.l. (Luxembourg, implemented ) Sampo Pankki Oyj -> Danske Bank A/S (Denmark, dropped ) Mondo Minerals Oy -> Mondo Minerals B.V. (Netherlands, certificate issued , struck off )

6 Cross-border merger registration HotCo 2 Oy <- Dividum AB (Sweden, implemented ) Baltcap Management Oy -> OÜ BaltCap Holding (Estonia, struck off ) -included also another Estonian company Palmorata Oy <- Päry AB (Sweden, implemented ) AKT Holdings Oy <- GMT Avant Holdings S.a.r.l. (Luxembourg, implemented ) Fin Restaurointi Oy <- Emmadale OÜ (Estonia, draft terms registered )

7 Cross-border merger registration Diesel Finland Oy -> Diesel Denmark Aps (Denmark, draft terms registered ) Oy Movetec Ab <- MiniTec Estonia OÜ (Estonia, draft terms registered ) Siemens Osakeyhtiö <- AS Siemens (Estonia), Uzdaroji akciné bendrové "SIEMENS" (Lithuania) and "Siemens" SIA (Latvia) draft terms registered

8 Terms and deadlines Notification of draft terms: one month. Public notice to creditors: four months of the registration of the draft terms. Usually applied for at the same time as the draft terms are filed. Notification of implementation (Finnish acquiring company): six months of the merger decision and issuance of the pre-merger certificate. Permit of implementation (foreign acquiring company): six months of the merger decision. Final accounts: two months.

9 Draft terms Repercussions of the cross-border merger on employment Employee participation Evaluation of the assets and liabilities Date from which the transactions of the merging companies will be treated for accounting purposes as being those of the company resulting from the cross-border merger.

10 Public notices to creditors Issued by the registrar of companies. Registered in the Trade Register and published in the State Official Gazette. Issued to creditors of all merging Finnish companies. Issued to creditors of acquiring Finnish company only in certain cases. In some cases no issuance of public notices to creditors in Finland.

11 Public notices to creditors Published in the State Official Gazette no later than three months before the due date in Finland. In foreign countries the terms can be different. No objections received so far.

12 Independent expert’s statement In Finland, in cases of a subsidiary merger, an expert’s statement (auditor’s report) is only needed if the merger is conducive to compromising the repayment of the company’s debts. In two cases of cross-border mergers where the acquiring company was foreign, the companies stated that they cannot provide, at this stage, an expert’s statement concerning the foreign companies.

13 Language questions Draft terms shall be in one of the official languages of Finland (Finnish or Swedish). Draft terms are usually in several languages: official languages of both countries, English has been used additionally in some cases. Pre-merger certificates issued by the Finnish registry are either in Finnish or Swedish. Notice of the implementation of the merger to the registrar in the respective country either in English or Swedish.

14 Contacts with other registries Communication between Finland and other registries has been good and fast. For example in cases where a Finnish company has been merged into a foreign company and dissolved we have got the information fast. We do also accept that the company itself files us a notice of its dissolution and attaches an extract from register.


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