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Examining Proofs ©Xtreem Geometry TEKS G.6E

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**Is this a valid statement?**

Engage Is this a valid statement? The square whose side is 21 cm has the same area as the rectangle whose sides are 34 cm and 13 cm.

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**Given this statement, examine the proof:**

Explore Given this statement, examine the proof: If a quadrilateral is a parallelogram, then its diagonals bisect each other. Proof Format Group A: Paragraph proof Group B: Two-column proof Group C: Flowchart proof

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Explain Back at your tables, compare & Contrast the different formats for the proof: If a quadrilateral is a parallelogram, then its diagonals bisect each other. Proof format Advantages Disadvantages Paragraph proof Two-column proof Flowchart proof

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**Brainstorm what are characteristics of a good proof.**

Explain “A good proof is …” Brainstorm what are characteristics of a good proof.

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**Prove the following (Using any of the 3 formats we just studied)**

Elaborate Prove the following (Using any of the 3 formats we just studied) Converse: If the diagonals of a quadrilateral bisect each other, then the quadrilateral is a parallelogram.

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**Evaluate another’s proof:**

If the diagonals of a quadrilateral bisect each other, then the quadrilateral is a parallelogram. Points Possible – 5: 3: Proof is correct 2: Proof is correct but incomplete 1: Proof is incorrect but includes elements of a proof 0: No Response Supporting Components in a Proof: 2: Multiple Components: Response contains more than one representation used in the service of creating a solution to the task. 1: Single Components: Response contains only a single representation used in the service of creating a solution to the task. A written sentence or sentences that simply states the answer, but does not add any mathematical explanation, does not qualify as a second representation. Components could include: Mathematical Argument: The proof follows a mathematical argument, one that follows rules for argumentation in the mathematical domain. Establishes Truth: The proof establishes a given statement or conjecture as true. Based on Mathematical Facts: The proof is based on mathematical facts, previously proven results, or unproved assumptions that are agreed-upon by the person creating the proof and/or the mathematical community at large.

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**(6) Proof and congruence**

(6) Proof and congruence. The student uses the process skills with deductive reasoning to prove and apply theorems by using a variety of methods such as coordinate, transformational, and axiomatic and formats such as two-column, paragraph, and flow chart. The student is expected to: (A) verify theorems about angles formed by the intersection of lines and line segments, including vertical angles, and angles formed by parallel lines cut by a transversal and prove equidistance between the endpoints of a segment and points on its perpendicular bisector and apply these relationships to solve problems; (B) prove two triangles are congruent by applying the Side-Angle-Side, Angle-Side-Angle, Side-Side-Side, Angle-Angle-Side, and Hypotenuse-Leg congruence conditions; (C) apply the definition of congruence, in terms of rigid transformations, to identify congruent figures and their corresponding sides and angles; (D) verify theorems about the relationships in triangles, including proof of the Pythagorean Theorem, the sum of interior angles, base angles of isosceles triangles, midsegments, and medians, and apply these relationships to solve problems; and (E) prove a quadrilateral is a parallelogram, rectangle, square, or rhombus using opposite sides, opposite angles, or diagonals and apply these relationships to solve problems.

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