Presentation on theme: "THE RISE OF ISLAM Coach Crews World History. Bellringer 2/20 Pre-Test Number your paper 1-11 We will take a pre-test and grade it to see what you know."— Presentation transcript:
THE RISE OF ISLAM Coach Crews World History
Bellringer 2/20 Pre-Test Number your paper 1-11 We will take a pre-test and grade it to see what you know about Islam This will be your first bellringer for the week
Bellringer 2/20 1. ____ cover(s) most of the Arabian Peninsula. a. Mountians b. Grassy plains c. Desert d. Swamp 2. The Early Arabians worshipped many gods and goddesses but ____ was considered to be the most important. a. Allah b. Kaaba c. Makkah d. Bedouin
Bellringer 2/20 3. The prophet ____ was also the founder of the Islamic faith. a. Yathrib b. Madinah c. Abu Talib d. Muhammad 4. Muslims, Jews, and Christians have a common belief in ____. a. gods and goddesses b. One God c. Pilgrimmage d. Fasting
Bellringer 2/20 5. The Quran provided Muslims with guidelines for daily life and a. Schools b. Farming c. Commerce d. Government 6. The first caliph to take over after Muhammad’s death was a. Umar b. Ali c. Uthman d. Abu Baker
Bellringer 2/20 7. Similar to Christian missionaries, ____ spread the teachings of Islam. a. Sunnis b. Sufis c. Shiites d. Caliphs 8. Soon after Muhammad’s death, the Muslim world split into what two groups? a. Sunnis and Sufis b. Caliphs and Suffs c. Sunnis and Shiites d. Shiites and Caliphs
Bellringer 2/20 9. Muslim traders were successful because the spread the Arabic language and provided merchants with a. Coins b. Business records c. Banks d. Education 10. In Muslim society, social groups were based on a. Family connections b. Religious beliefs c. Education d. Power and wealth
Bellringer 2/20 11. The Mogul ruler Shah Jahan built ____, a Muslim tomb, for his wife in Agra, India. a. the Alhambra b. the Mosque c. the Taj Mahal d. the House of Wisdom
Introduction During the A.D. 600’s, people called Arabs began a new empire in southwest Asia. The driving force behind their empire was the religion of Islam.
Daily Life in Early Arabia - Mostly desert - Arabs organized into tribes led by a sheikh - Bedouins – desert herders, lived in tents, used animals for work - Most people lived in towns near an oases or mountain valley - Traveled by caravan for safety
Daily Life in Early Arabia - Arabians handled trade between India and the Mediterranean - Makkah (Mecca) became the richest city and is also the holiest place in Arabia - The Kaaba was a small temple of gods - Pilgrims traveled to this holy place - Allah, the creator, was their most important god
The Rise of Islam Flowchart Read pages 374-375 to complete
Muhammad was born in Makkah in 570. He was raised by his uncle. As a wealthy merchant, he became dissatisfied with the wealthy in the way they honored their family, ran businesses, and treated the poor.
The Rise of Islam Flowchart Read pages 374-375 to complete Muhammad was born in Makkah in 570. He was raised by his uncle. As a wealthy merchant, he became dissatisfied with the wealthy in the way they honored their family, ran businesses, and treated the poor. After praying in the hills, an angel told him to preach Islam. He returned to Makkah and told everyone to destroy statues and worship only Allah. He taught that all wealth should be shared and god would reward those living a good life. His message attracted only his family and the poor at first. The wealthy and religious did not like his message, they thought he was taking away power. He moved his followers in 622. Their trip to their new city of Madinah is known as the hijrah, “breaking off relationships”. Madinah accepted Muhammad as god’s prophet and their ruler. He created an Islamic state, one that uses government power to uphold Islam. He required loyalty of all to the Islamic state. His army conquered Makkah and made it the holy city of Islam in 630. Muhammad dies two years laters.