2 Objectives l Review applicable NERC Standards that apply l Review CDP 2.6 Low Load Condition Procedure l Describe the tools to accomplishing a successful assessment l Describe proper action needed to resolve a Low Load Condition by performing actual caculations and table-top drills Please make sure you have sign the attendance sheet
3 References l Low-Load Process.ppt Low-Load Process.ppt l CDP 2.6_Low Load Condition_Rev 4_033109.pdf CDP 2.6_Low Load Condition_Rev 4_033109.pdf l Training_Dispatcher_Netbotz_LowLoad_v3.ppt Training_Dispatcher_Netbotz_LowLoad_v3.ppt l http://www.nerc.com/files/BAL-005-0_1b.pdf http://www.nerc.com/files/BAL-005-0_1b.pdf
4 Applicable NERC Standards l Standard BAL-005-0.1b — Automatic Generation Control –Each Balancing Authority shall maintain Regulating Reserve that can be controlled by AGC to meet the Control Performance Standard. Audit RSAW response from EMO/SPO: –EMO/SPO CDP 1.11 Regulation CPS Monitoring step 1.4, CDP 1.13 BAAL step 1.3 and 1.4, and CDP 2.6 Low Load Condition step 1.4 provides guidance to maintain regulating reserves on AGC. GenSum.jpg screen shot provides the estimated Mw response value for all generator units on AGC. CPS 1 Monthly Review provides evidence that EMO/SPO is meeting the Control Performance Standard for CPS 1. Since EMO/SPO is currently participating in the BAAL field trial, they are exempt from CPS 2 requirements.
15 GIA Terms l Generator Imbalance Service – a charge or payment for energy when the hourly integrated facility output varies from the schedules. l Generator Regulation Service (GRS)– a charge for compensating between facility output and its schedule; not applicable to QFs?
16 GIA Terms l Start Up Period – period in which the facility synchronizes and ramps to minimum run level. l Shut Down Period – period in which the facility ramps down from run level to off line. l Testing Period – period of time when the facility has no schedules and is performing testing. l Low Load Event – any period in which the EMO may be required to take a facility off line due to low load conditions; a 2 hour notice is required.
17 Low Load Process l Low Load Alert – when the projected generation level is within 500 MW of the normal minimum energy limits. l Low Load Event – when the projected generation level is at or below the normal minimum energy limits. l Low Load Emergency – when generation can no longer match the load and emergency reducible generation or measures must be used. l See Current Day Procedure 2.6 “Low Load Process”
18 GIA Definitions l EMO - The Entergy Energy Management Organization. In the administration of the GIA, EMO is responsible for: (1) notification to SOC of Low-Load Events; (2) notification to the SOC of the availability of GIS and GRS; (3) calculation of ESIC and Avoided Cost; (4) determination of the ability to purchase energy during Testing Periods, Start-Up Periods and Shut-Down Periods; and (5) approval of tags and modification to tags associated with Testing Periods, Start- Up Periods, and Shut-Down Periods.
19 GIA Definitions l Low-Load Event - Any period during which the EMO may be required to take an Entergy unit off-line due to low-load conditions based on criteria such as load profiles and generating schedules, to maintain minimum stable operating levels based on prudent utility practice. The SOC shall provide notice as soon as possible, but in no event less than two hours prior to the occurrence of a Low-Load Event via e-mail to all Delivering Parties that have provided the SOC with a current e-mail address. The SOC shall also provide notice of a Low-Load Event by broadcast fax, but for purposes of the two hour prior notice period, the email notification controls. If the SOC fails to provide two hour prior notification of a Low-Load Event, no penalties shall apply.
25 How to get to the displays l Low Load Condition can be called from the Nav Panel display using the associated buttons
26 Low_Load_Condition Display Non-visible Dates When button pressed the associated dates toggle between Visible and Non-visible
27 Low Load Required Action l Anticipate the future –Situation –Cues –Patterns –Action Script »Mental Simulation »Mental Models l Follow the procedure l Use the Tools –GMS Low Load Worksheet –Projected Values
28 Review Questions l When is the LLC worksheet performed? –Shiftly and as needed l What are the 3 stages of Low Load Conditions? –Alert, Event, Emergency l Notification of a Low Load Event should occur how far in advance? –2-3 hours l Below what margin to regulating minimum does a low load alert occur? –500 MW l How long does the Trades QF notification activation last? –4 hours
29 Review Objectives l Reviewed applicable NERC Standards that apply l Reviewed CDP 2.6 Low Load Condition Procedure l Described the tools to accomplishing a successful assessment l Described proper action needed to resolve a Low Load Condition by performing actual caculations and table-top drills Please make sure you have sign the attendance sheet
30 Low Load Calculation Spreadsheet Drills l Given a set of conditions determine LLC –Determine influences »Forecast deviations »Co-owner impacts »Startups/shutdown calculations »Test energy »Market conditions »Options to consider u Unit minimums (when NE6 and prep) u AECC u Hydros u Unit decommitment u WSPP non-firm u ESales u QF curtailment