2[ 6.3 ] Railroads, Ranches, and Farms Learning ObjectivesDescribe the effects of the growth of railroads on ranching and farming in Texas.Analyze the impact railroads had on the Texas economy.Explain the ways in which Texans encouraged companies to build railroads in their state.Evaluate the effect railroads had on the resources and population of Texas.
4The Effects of the Growth of Railroads Texas went through many changes in the 1800s. The population grew, and with it, cities and towns expanded. The cattle business boomed. Cotton farming spread. One of the greatest reasons behind these and other changes in Texas was a major technological innovation: the coming of the railroad.
5The Effects of the Growth of Railroads Texans Demand RailroadsFirst Attempts FailThe Harrisburg RailroadThe Effects of Railroads on the Ranching IndustryRailroads Replace Cattle TrailsRailroads Spur Advancement in the Agricultural IndustryRailroads Carry Farmers to West Texas
6The Effects of the Growth of Railroads Analyze Visuals Based on the flowchart, what main problems prevented railroad companies from laying track in Texas more quickly?
7The Effects of the Growth of Railroads Trains like this one, photographed in the 1850s, became increasingly important to the U.S. transportation of the era.
8Railroads Boost the Economy Railroad construction in Texas slowed during the Civil War. Railroad workers left to fight the war. There were few workers to maintain the rails. Also, Texas had no factories for making rails or replacement parts for trains. By the end of the war, the tracks needed repair. After the war, railroad building started slowly. However, the pace of building quickly increased.
9Railroads Boost the Economy Funding the RailroadsLand GrantsBuilding a Railroad SystemRailroads Encourage Growth in Other Major IndustriesOutsiders Control the Railroads
10Railroads Boost the Economy Analyze Visuals Based on the flowchart, how did railroads contribute to economic growth and an increase in population in Texas?
11Railroads Boost the Economy Texas's railroad system expanded throughout the late 1800s. In 1883, workers joined two railroad lines at the Silver Spike ceremony shown here to create one cross-country railroad.
12Railroads Boost the Economy Analyze Visuals Why were large companies needed to build railroad tracks across Texas?
13Railroads Promote Urbanization and Population Growth The growth of the railroads in Texas had many effects. Like most new technologies, railroads posed new challenges and problems.
14Railroads Promote Urbanization and Population Growth A More Diverse PopulationRailroads Increase the PopulationUrbanization of TexasFaster TravelUnfair Practices
15Railroads Promote Urbanization and Population Growth The growth of the railroad helped Texas cities like this one boom during the late 1800s.
16Railroads Promote Urbanization and Population Growth Analyze Data What benefits would Texans likely have received from the expansion of the railroad in the state?
17Quiz: The Effects of the Growth of Railroads Why did Texans want railroads in their state?A. They thought it would encourage settlement.B. Shipping goods was slow and expensive.C. Railroad companies offered to buy land at high prices.D. Cowboys refused to ride the cattle trails any longer.
18Quiz: Railroads Boost the Economy What incentive was offered by the state to companies in exchange for building railroads?A. landB. silverC. livestockD. cheap labor
19Quiz: Railroads Promote Urbanization and Population Growth What was one problem related to the spread of railroads across Texas?A. Travel time was greatly increased between nearby cities.B. The state’s population and economy were boosted.C. Chinese rail workers faced racism and unfair treatment.D. Houston, Dallas, and Amarillo became major centers of trade.