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Argumentative Essay. What is an Argumentative essay? An argumentative essay is an essay in which we agree or disagree with an issue, using reasons to.

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Presentation on theme: "Argumentative Essay. What is an Argumentative essay? An argumentative essay is an essay in which we agree or disagree with an issue, using reasons to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Argumentative Essay

2 What is an Argumentative essay? An argumentative essay is an essay in which we agree or disagree with an issue, using reasons to support our opinion. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of them do not want to change. In this kind of essay, we not only give information but also present an argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. An argumentative essay takes a position on an issue using logic and evidence to convince readers.

3 When choosing an argumentative essay topic it should be: 1. Gripping 2. Debatable: open for discussion. 3. Stimulating and motivating: show interest in the topic. 4. Neither too general nor too limited 5. Precise: When choosing words for the topic, reveal the meaning best and are clear to the reader.

4 THESIS STATEMENT IN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS The argumentative thesis takes a side of an issue; frequently it proposes an approach of action which is often expressed with the modal should). E.g. “Governments should ban further construction of nuclear power plants.” Someone else might argue: “The U.S should continue building nuclear power plants.”

5 PLANNING THE ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY 1. Introduce and explain the issue or case 2. Offer reasons and support 3. Refute opposing arguments 4. Conclusion

6 TRANSITION SIGNALS To list points The first reason is… The second reason is … The third and most important reason is… First of all, To start with, Secondly, Thirdly, Finally, One major advantage of.. A further advantage… One major disadvantage of…

7 To add more points to the same topic Apart from this/that Besides What is more To make contrasting point On the other hand Nevertheless It can be argued that One can argue that To conclude Taking everything into account As was previously stated Above all,

8 Different ways to support your argument: Facts Statistics Quotes Examples

9 Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: *Feelings, emotional arguments (… it makes one feel much better.) *Irrelevant examples (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants.) *Oversimplification (… only then would he understand what it means to be an adult.) *Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to 80% of working men wish they quit school when they were at university and started working at an earlier age.)

10 Language in argumentative essay writing +- Supporters Proponents Those in favor of Defenders of Advocates of Pro- (e.g. Pro- abortionists) Opponents Those opposed to Critics of Objectors Anti- (e.g. Anti- abortionists)

11 say that argue claim maintain assert contend allege insist contend suggest point out

12 In an argumentative essay, try and avoid the use of personal pronouns. Do not say, for example, “I don’t think there are any easy solutions to this problem.” Instead, make your sentences impersonal and present these ideas as facts, e.g. “There are no easy solutions to this problem.”


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