Presentation on theme: "Filling the Gap Genocide. Driving Questions Why is it important to be educated about genocides of the 20 th century? Why is it important that we inform."— Presentation transcript:
Driving Questions Why is it important to be educated about genocides of the 20 th century? Why is it important that we inform the public of the genocides of the 20th century in an interesting, informative, and compelling way?
Do Now: Take a moment to look at these photos. Write your thoughts
What is genocide? Genocide is the mass murder of a certain group of people Genocide is committed to wipe out a group of people It can be targeted against a group based on where they are from, race, religion, gender Genocide is a term created as a result of the Holocaust Genocide is an international crime
Examples of Genocide Genocide can be: Killing off large numbers of the group Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group Making it difficult for members of the group to access necessities for life like water and food Trying to prevent births within the group Mass kidnappings, rape, mutilation, torture A synonym for genocide can be ethnic cleansing
Major Actors in a Genocide Victims: the group being targeted For example: In the Holocaust the victims were the Jews Perpetrators: persons responsible for carrying out crimes Holocaust: The Nazis Leader: the person responsible for leading the perpetrating group Holocaust: Hitler
Steps that Lead to Genocide Classification: Labeling and putting a certain group of people into categories Symbolization: The group is given a certain color or a symbol Dehumanization: The perpetrators say that the victims are not humans Organization: The plans are organized, in many cases by a government Isolation: Victims are separated as “different” from the rest of the population Preparation: Victims are identified, then separated. Extermination: Mass killings Denial: Denying that the genocide occurred or attempting to cover it up.
Why doesn’t the rest of the world stop genocide from happening? Political leaders do not want to become involved because it does not affect their countries There are not worldwide organizations that are have been created to predict and prevent genocide
Genocides Throughout History 1915-1918: Armenians in Turkey 1932-1933: Stalin’s Forced Famine in the Soviet Union 1937-1938: Massacre in Nanking, China by Japanese Imperial Army 1939-1945: Hitler’s Holocaust 1975-1979: Pol Pot in Cambodia 1994: 100 Days of Genocide in Rwanda 1992-1995: Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina 2003-Present: Darfur, Sudan
What Can I Do To Prevent Genocide? Stay up to date about what is happening around the world Teach others about the problem of genocide Write a letter to your congress person asking them to take action Write a newspaper article informing people what is happening Don’t be a bystander Encourage tolerance of all different kinds of people Speak out when you hear people using stereotypes or hateful words aimed at a group of people Teaching people that everyone is unique and special There are jobs you can study about in college that will prepare you to fight against genocide or help victims DON’T BE APATHETIC!!!
Project: Genocide Research Paper Purpose: As many of you have noted, the Holocaust carried out by the Nazi Party during World War II is the most talked about and discussed genocide of the 20 th Century, leaving a big knowledge gap in the mind of the general public. Between the Holocaust and other modern genocides our job as historical scholars of 20 th century genocides is to spread the word about what happened during these genocides, why these genocides were carried out, and what, if anything was done to stop them.
Project: Genocide Research Paper Cont. This Research paper is the Big Dog of all the papers you have written this year. The expectations for you to bring your own BOOYAH are very high.
Assignment You will complete a five page research paper focusing on one of the following genocides of the 20 th century: Armenians in Turkey (1915-1918), Stalin’s Forced Famine (1932-1933), Rape of Nanking (1937-1938), Pol Pot in Cambodia (1975-1979), Rwanda (1994), Bosnia-Herzegovina (1992-1995), Darfur, Sudan (2004-Present).
Essential Skills I can craft a strong thesis for a 4-5 paragraph essay. I can determine the difference between quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing and when it’s appropriate to do so. I can develop and support an argument using credible evidence and effectively integrate that evidence into my writing. I can format my paper following the MLA guidelines: header, heading, consistent font size and appropriate style (Times New Roman, Arial, and Calibri), paragraph spacing (double spaced, no extra space between paragraphs) I can come to a discussion or presentation prepared, having read and researched material and explicitly draw upon that preparation to defend my opinion. I can identify and write proper verb tenses, subject-verb agreements, independent and dependent clauses and avoid run-ons and fragments (e.g., semicolons, colons); I can avoid commonly made mistakes. I can look up and use resources (e.g., Works Cited page, in-text citations, research writing) I can identify and write a research paper.
Assignment (Body Paragraph Topics). Your paper will focus on the history of the event (what happened?) what caused the genocide (why did it happen?) what the world-wide response to it was. (what was done to stop it?) What do you think, based on historical conditions at the time, COULD or SHOULD have been done to stop this genocide What were the long-term impacts of this genocide.
Body Paragraphs Body #1: what happened? Body #2: why did it happen? Body #3: what was done to stop it? Body #4: What do you think, based on historical conditions at the time, COULD or SHOULD have been done to stop this genocide. Body #5: What were the long-term impacts of this genocide.
Deadlines Research: Friday, March 30 th Outline: April 2 nd /3 rd First Draft: April 19th/20 th Final Draft: April 25 th /26 th Presentation: April 25 th /26 th
Presentation Together with the 4-6 people who have researched your chosen genocide, you will craft a 10-minute presentation that highlights key ideas, events, and messages you think people should have about your genocide. These should be informative as well as engaging, so that people truly hear and retain your message.
Sources Web Source Author: Article Title: Website Title: Web Address: Copyright date: Date Accessed:
Good Example Web Source Author: Vahakn N. Dadrian Article Title: THE HISTORY OF THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE Website Title: Berghahn Books Web Address: https://www.berghahnbooks.com/title.php?rowtag=DadrianHistory Copyright date: 2003 Date Accessed: 20 March 2012
Bad Example Author: Wikipedia Article Title: Armenian Genocide Website Title: Wikipedia Web Address: Wikipedia.com Copyright date: Unknown Date Accessed: Today
Tips You cannot use Wikipedia as a source, however, you can use it as a great starting point. Scroll to the bottom of the page for the sources used. You may be able to use those as sources as well. Google: when you go to google.com, click on “more” located on the tool bar. Once you click on more, locate “scholar”. Click on scholar. Now type your key words.
Groups/Assigned Genocide: P. 1 1915-1918: Armenians in Turkey: 1932-1933: Stalin’s Forced Famine: 1937-1938: Massacre in Nanking, China: 1975-1979: Pol Pot in Cambodia: 1994: 100 Days of Genocide in Rwanda: 1992-1995: Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina: 2003-Present: Darfur, Sudan:
Groups/Assigned Genocide: P. 2 1915-1918: Armenians in Turkey: 1932-1933: Stalin’s Forced Famine: 1937-1938: Massacre in Nanking, China: 1975-1979: Pol Pot in Cambodia: 1994: 100 Days of Genocide in Rwanda: 1992-1995: Bosnia-Herzegovina: 2003-Present: Darfur, Sudan:
Groups/Assigned Genocide: P. 3 1915-1918: Armenians in Turkey: 1932-1933: Stalin’s Forced Famine: 1937-1938: Massacre in Nanking, China: 1975-1979: Pol Pot in Cambodia: 1994: 100 Days of Genocide in Rwanda: 1992-1995: Bosnia-Herzegovina: 2003-Present: Darfur, Sudan:
Groups/Assigned Genocide: P. 4 1915-1918: Armenians in Turkey: 1932-1933: Stalin’s Forced Famine: 1937-1938: Massacre in Nanking, China: 1975-1979: Pol Pot in Cambodia: 1994: 100 Days of Genocide in Rwanda: 1992-1995: Bosnia-Herzegovina: 2003-Present: Darfur, Sudan: