Presentation on theme: "Causes of the American Revolution Mercantilism - the economic system in which all trade is controlled by the mother country. The colonies main job is."— Presentation transcript:
Causes of the American Revolution
Mercantilism - the economic system in which all trade is controlled by the mother country. The colonies main job is to make money for England.
Causes of the American Revolution The Proclamation of 1763 – Law that stated colonists were not allowed to cross the Appalachian Mountains.
What are the first 3 letters of the economic system in which the the king retains control all parts of the economy? (please make all 3 letters lower case)
The Proclamation of 1763 told colonists that they could not move beyond what geographic feature? A.Rocky Mountains B.Atlantic Ocean C.Appalachian Mountains D.Pacific Ocean E.Sierra Nevada Mountains
Causes of the American Revolution Taxes -England had to pay for the French and Indian War so they began to raise taxes. However, the colonists did NOT have a representative in parliament. No Taxation without Representation! Sugar Act – Tax on sugar and molasses Townshend Act – Tax on Tea, lead, paint Stamp Act – Tax on legal papers
Colonists chanted, “No Taxation without Representation” because they wanted representatives in ___________ (write the first 3 letters all lower case)
Causes of the American Revolution Tea Act – allowed colonists to purchase tea straight from the ships instead of the stores. Tea was cheaper, but colonists still had to pay a tax so they refused.
Causes of the American Revolution The Boston Massacre – British soldiers attacked colonists who were protesting taxes. Five colonists died including Crispus Attucks. Paul Revere created this engraving to get colonists angry enough to fight.
Causes of the American Revolution The Boston Tea Party - Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty dressed up in Native American disguises and snuck on board a British ship and dumped the tea into the water.
What was the guy’s first name that created the etching “The Bloody Massacre”? (Full first name, and make sure it is capitalized.)
What is the name of the African American who died at the Boston Massacre? A.Sam Adams B.Paul Revere C.Crispus Attucks D.Craig Atwater
Causes of the American Revolution Intolerable Acts (aka The Coercive Acts) - King George III punished the people of Boston for the Boston Tea Party. 1.Shutting down Boston harbor 2.No town meetings 3.Reinstating the quartering act 4.British officials could be tried in England instead of the colonies.
Causes of the American Revolution Common Sense – written by Thomas Paine to encourage colonists to declare independence. The Blockheads – written by Mercy Otis Warren wrote about how bad the British were.
Which of these below were parts of the intolerable acts? (Choose all that apply) A.No more town meetings B.Colonists forced to quarter troops C.Boston Harbor is shut down D.People of Boston lose personal property rights
What was the last name of the patriot woman who wrote “The Blockheads” to convince people to go to war against England? (First 3 letters, all lower case, last name only)
Causes of the American Revolution Battles of Lexington an Concord – Colonists and British soldiers exchanged fire in the town of Lexington and Concord. These are the first shots of the American Revolution. Paul Revere and Wentworth Cheswell warned colonists.
Causes of the American Revolution The American colonies were so far away that England could not control us like they liked. Colonists had been given the opportunity to have representative government for over 150 years so colonists felt they didn’t need England.
Declaration of Independence The Second Continental Congress declared independence on July 4 th It said that the colonies were no longer a part of England. The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson. The Second Continental Congress chose George Washington as the Commander of the Continental Army.
What was the first battle of the American Revolution? A.Lexington B.Bull Run C.Fort Sumter D.Saratoga
What year was the Declaration of Independence written?
Important Events Trenton – Washington crossed the Delaware River. Saratoga – This was the battle that convinced France to become an ally of the US. Valley Forge – This is the low point of the war. Many men died from disease during the winter. Yorktown – Last battle of the American Revolution
This battle convinced France to join the American side during the American Revolution. A.Saratoga B.Yorktown C.Lexington D.Valley Forge
This is the place George Washington camps during a hard winter in the American Revolution. A.Saratoga B.Yorktown C.Lexington D.Valley Forge
Important People James Armistead – African American spy John Paul Jones – Navy hero who captured a British ship Haym Salomon – Jewish immigrant who raised money to pay for the war. Patrick Henry – Patriot who said “Give me Liberty or Give me death.” Benedict Arnold – Army officer who was a traitor for helping the British. Marquis de Lafayette – French military officer who helped Washington during the war. Friedrich Von Steuben – Prussian military officer who trained soldiers during winter at Valley Forge. Bernardo de Galvez – Spanish Governor who sent supplies to the US.
Treaty of Paris The Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution. 1.England must recognize the United States as an independent country. 2.It establishes our borders... North – The Great Lakes South – All but Florida East – Atlantic Oceans West – Mississippi River
What are the 3 initials of the Guy who is considered the father of the navy. (all lower case, just letters, no periods)
The Treaty of _______ officially ended the American Revolution. (Write your answer and make sure it is Capitalized)