Presentation on theme: "Bosnian Genocide. Perpetrators When: April 1992- December 1995 Who: Bosnian Serbs, Slobodan Milosevic Slobodan Milosevic (1941- 2006) President of Serbia."— Presentation transcript:
Perpetrators When: April 1992- December 1995 Who: Bosnian Serbs, Slobodan Milosevic Slobodan Milosevic (1941- 2006) President of Serbia Radovan Karadzic (1945-present) Supreme Commander of the Bosnian Serb Army Ratko Mladic (1942-present) Bosnian Serb military leader
Victims Casualties: Over 100,000 (between 130,000 and 150,000) Causes: Execution, torture, exhaustion Targets: Primarily Bosnian Muslims (65% Muslims, 22% Serbs, 8% Croats, and 5% Others) Serbs – Orthodox Christians Croats – Catholics Bosniaks – Muslims Refugees: Hundreds of thousands
Srebrenica Genocide Bosnian Serb forces seize Srebrenica on July 11, 1995 In a period of one week, Bosnian Serb forces executed 7,000 to 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys.
Srebrenica Genocide The worst massacre that occurred in Europe since the Holocaust Srebrenica victims still being exhumed from mass graves across the region
Summary of Genocide - Timeline 1991 1991: Republics of Slovenia and Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia July 11-19, 1995: Srebrenica genocide: Bosnian Serb forced killed over 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys. Summer 1995: Bosnian Serb army prepared to “capture and cleanse” the 3 towns in eastern Bosnia, declared as “safe havens” by the international community in 1993. 1996 1992: Bosnia’s independence from Yugoslavia recognized by the US and European Union December 1995: Peace agreement negotiated in Dayton, Ohio known as the Dayton Accords August 1995: NATO intervention: 3 weeks bombing on Bosnian Serb positions May 25, 1993: The UN Security Council establishes the ICTY
What’s Happened Since? December 1995 – Dayton Accords: Brought peace to Bosnia and created to entities, the Republic of Srpska and Bosnian Federation 2001 – The ICTY ruled that genocide had occurred in Srebrenica. 2007 – The International Court of Justice determined that Serbia violated the Genocide Convention by not doing enough to prevent genocide in Srebrenica. February 2015 – The United States moves to deport at least 150 Bosnians living in the US who were believed to have taken part in the conflict.
Resources Human Rights Watch: http://www.hrw.org/europecentral-asia/bosnia-and-herzegovinahttp://www.hrw.org/europecentral-asia/bosnia-and-herzegovina “War Crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina (Volume II)” report: http://www.hrw.org/reports/1993/04/01/war-crimes-bosnia-hercegovina-volume-ii http://www.hrw.org/reports/1993/04/01/war-crimes-bosnia-hercegovina-volume-ii “Milosevic to Face Bosnian Genocide Charges” press release: http://www.hrw.org/news/2001/12/10/milosevic-face-bosnian-genocide-charges http://www.hrw.org/news/2001/12/10/milosevic-face-bosnian-genocide-charges United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: http://www.ushmmorg/confront- genocide/cases/bosnia-herzegovina http://www.ushmmorg/confront- genocide/cases/bosnia-herzegovina International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY): www.icty.org www.icty.org Justice Report: www.justice-report.comwww.justice-report.com