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Settling the Great Basin

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1 Settling the Great Basin
Review for Chapter 8 Settling the Great Basin

2 Bell Activity This is a no gum class. Please dispose of it properly! Take out your packet and spend 15 minutes working on incomplete items. Staple your packet. Study Guide Cause and Effect, Helping or Hurting activities Utah War reading (yellow) Political Cartoon notes and analysis Utah – The Struggle for Statehood video questions We Shall Remain – The Paiute video guide Where should your backpack be?

3 Today we will learn… Language Objective –
We will listen to, give answers and write the important details from the activity. History Objective – We will prepare for tomorrow’s exam by reviewing the study guide. Behavior Objective – Participation & Work Ethic: We will listen to each questions, answer the ones given to us, and write the important details in our notes.

4 All books must be turned in today!
If you do not turn in your book on tomorrow, the day of the test, you will be calling home for it. If you remember it, you will get an extra treat!

5 Question #1 Question #2 Question #3 1st detail 2nd detail 3rd detail

6 1. What were some of the reasons there was conflict between native people and white settlers? (2-3 reasons) The Mormons took over Indian lands and resources, neither group could communicate with each other, both sides did not understand how the other lived, diseases brought by the Mormons killed thousands of Indians

7 2. Give three examples of cultural differences between native people and settlers. Native Americans
Traditional Utes Free flowing existence Live for here & now Freedom of choice Non-ownership of the land (except for territorial boundaries) Hunters, roamers Harmony with nature Sharing Non-competitive

8 2) 3) 2. Give three examples of cultural differences between native people and settlers. Settlers Settlers Strict rules Future oriented Strict discipline of children Land ownership Farmers Conquering nature Hoarding competitive

9 3. When Mormon pioneers began settling in the Great Basin region, why were so many Indians getting sick and the Mormons weren’t? The ancestors of the Mormons had been exposed to these diseases and developed some immunity to them, the Native Americans did not have any immunity to the diseases

10 4. Give three examples of how Native tribes and settlers helped each other.
Settlers & Utes in Sanpete work together to get supplies through the snow. During the time that the Mormons were starving, Ute and Shoshone women taught them to eat sego lily roots. Women of the Mormon Relief Society worked to make clothing for Indian women and children. Native women would often glean the settler’s field after the harvest to gather food that was left behind.

11 5. What kind of relationship was there between the different tribes in Utah before the Mormons came?
The tribes fought with each other for territory and resources. The Utes and Shoshone were the most powerful tribes in the area and they raided the Goshute and Paiute tribes for slaves to sell to Mexico

12 6. Why did the Paiute Indians welcome the Mormons as friends so easily?
The Paiutes hoped the Mormons would protect them from the Ute and Shoshone.

13 7. Describe some of the reasons (2-3) why the Walker War began.
-Fighting over territory and resources -Diseases -Lack of communication -Ever increasing numbers of Mormon immigrants coming to Utah

14 8. What did the settlers do when the war started
8. What did the settlers do when the war started? What did Brigham Young want them to do? They fought back against the Utes, built forts and sent the local militia to fight. Brigham Young wanted the people to help feed the Indians instead of fighting them.

15 9. _______________________ negotiated a cease fire in the Walker War with the Ute leader _____________. Brigham Young, Walkara

16 10. Which U.S. explorer, trying to find a railroad route, was killed by Indians? __________________________ John Gunnison

17 11. What was the purpose of Indian farms?
They were supposed to teach Native Americans European style farming practices, along with religious education and white lifestyles.

18 12. Why were they only partially successful?
Most Indians did not want to give up their way of life and thought that farming was too difficult

19 13. Why did some tribes and/or individual Native Americans convert to the LDS church?
Some converted to create a stronger tie with the Mormons through their religion and to gain the protection of the Mormons from other tribes

20 14. Who was Jacob Hamblin and what did he do in this chapter?
He fought against the Indians but later became convinced that he was supposed to become their friend. He helped convert many Paiute and Ute to the Mormon religion

21 15. Who was William Drummond and how did he contribute to the beginning of the Utah War?
He was an anti-Mormon judge who left his post in Utah and spread rumors about a Mormon rebellion in the eastern U.S.

22 16. Why was a federal army sent to the Utah Territory?
Because some people believed the Mormons were rebelling against the government.

23 17. Describe the causes for the Utah War?
-Untrue and true stories about the Mormons being published in newspapers -Lack of communication with Utah -To create distractions from problems in the U.S. (slavery, economy)

24 18. Who was James Buchanan and what did he do in this chapter?
He was the president at this time and he sent an army to Utah to put down a supposed Mormon rebellion.

25 Albert Sidney Johnston
19.________________________ became the leader of the Utah Expedition and eventually established Camp Floyd near Utah Lake. Albert Sidney Johnston

26 20. Who was Lot Smith and what did he do in the Utah War?
Smith was one of the leaders of the Utah militia and lead raids on the army being sent to Utah

27 21. What were some of the preparations Utahns made for the war?
-many men volunteered for the militia -food storage -militia burned supplies before the army could get them

28 22. Who was killed in the Mountain Meadows Massacre, and by whom?
Arkansas and Missouri emigrants on their way to California were killed by the Iron County militia.

29 23. Describe what led up to the massacre, what happened (in general) during the massacre, and what happened after the event. -Many people were very afraid because of the army being sent to Utah; B.Y. had told the Mormons not to trade with outsiders which caused bad feelings between the emigrants and the Mormons, etc. -The Fancher wagon train was ambushed and attacked for several days before being lured out and killed by the Iron County militia -The local Mormon tried to cover up the crime by blaming it on the Paiute tribe

30 24. Who was Isaac Haight and what did he do in this chapter?
He was one of the leaders of the Iron County militia and participated in the Mountain Meadows Massacre.

31 25. _________________________ was the only participant in the Mountain Meadows Massacre to be tried, convicted, and executed. John D. Lee

32 26. Why did Lot’s Army burn Fort Bridger and Fort Supply?
To prevent the army from getting supplies there so that they would be too weak to fight when they got to Utah.

33 27.Why did newspapers begin calling the Utah action “Buchanan’s Blunder”?
Because he had sent a huge, expensive army to Utah with very little evidence that there was a problem with the Mormon communities there.

34 28. What did Brigham Young order the Mormons in Salt Lake City to do before the army reached the city? Everyone was told to leave and go to Provo, and Mormon militia men prepared to burn the city is the army attacked.

35 29. Who was Thomas Kane and why was he trusted by the Mormons?
He was a non-Mormon who did not believe the rumors about a rebellion in Utah who offered to try to make peace with the Mormon community and the army that had been sent to Utah

36 30. How did Thomas Kane help resolve the Utah War conflict?
He and Alfred Cummings negotiated a compromise that allowed the army to stay in Provo and removed Brigham Young as governor of Utah Territory

37 31. Who was Alfred Cumming and what role did he play in the Utah War?
He was sent to Utah to be B.Y. replacement as governor and helped negotiate a peace agreement in the Utah War.

38 32. How was the war ultimately ended?
Through compromise instead of fighting

39 33. How did the U.S. Army affect the local economy?
The army helped the economy by bringing in much needed cash. They hired locals to help them build their base, paid for locally grown food, and bought other supplies as well.

40 34. What were some of the benefits and problems created by Camp Floyd?
The soldiers were not welcome in Utah, but they helped Utah in some ways. Cash & jobs Auctions of army surplus Animals & crops Other effects were not as pleasant. Gambling Cattle rustlers & outlaws prostitution

41 35. Why did the soldiers leave Camp Floyd? What happened to them?
The Civil War began in the eastern U.S. and the army was recalled to fight for the North or the South

42 36. In what ways was diversity a result of the Utah War?
The army brought non-Mormons of many different backgrounds to Utah and many of these people did not leave with the army.

43 We will turn in the study guides before starting the test.
Bell Activity This is a no gum class. Please dispose of it properly! Review your study guide and vocabulary. Make sure your essay organizer is finished. We will turn in the study guides before starting the test. Where should your backpack be?

44 Review your states on the study guide.
Bell Activity This is a no gum class. Please dispose of it properly! Have your study guide and a pencil on your desk. Put everything else away!! Review your states on the study guide. We will turn in the study guides before starting the states test. Where should your backpack be?

45 Agenda Arizona Montana Utah California Nevada Washington Colorado
Take the Chapter 8 test. Mark only one answer. Keep the answer sheet neat and clean! Turn in the study guide into your box. Put the test and answer sheet into the correct pile of papers. Take the states quiz. If you spell something wrong, you lose half a point! When you are finished, read a book silently! Talking will result in losing points. Arizona Montana Utah California Nevada Washington Colorado New Mexico Wyoming Idaho Oregon

46 Essay Questions Why was there conflict between the Indians and the Mormon settlers? Why did the federal government send troops to the Utah Territory? How did Utahns prepare for war with the federal army? Be sure to explain three reasons that answer the question you choose. ONLY DO ONE ESSAY QUESTION!!

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