9Where is the ottoman Empire (and Armenia)? Today’s BordersWarFrontRed Outline=Area where Armenian Genocide Occurred
10What modern day country was the central power of the Ottoman Empire? Partner QuestionWhat modern day country was the central power of the Ottoman Empire?
11First Armenian Massacre [Late 1800s & Early 1900s] Armenians wanted independence.Armenian rebels engaged in acts of violence against the Turks (Government).Claims on both sides: 50,000 Armenians killed and 5,000 Turks killed.Ottoman government overthrown by Young Turks.
12When did the first Armenian Genocide occur? A) 1894-1896 B) 1907 Partner questionWhen did the first Armenian Genocide occur?A)B) 1907C)D) Both A and B are Correct
13MotivationWhen WWI erupted, the Young Turk government, hoping to save the remains of the weakened Ottoman Empire, adopted a policy of Pan Turkism – the establishment of a mega Turkish empire comprising of all Turkic-speaking peoples of the Caucasus and Central Asia extending to China, intending also to Turkify all ethnic minorities of the empire.The Armenian population became the main obstacle standing in the way of the realization of this policy.
14Why was the Armenian Genocide committed? Partner questionWhy was the Armenian Genocide committed?
15Second Armenian Massacre Many Armenians supported Russia, the enemy of the Ottoman empire during WWI.The Ottoman government feared that these Armenians would help Russia to invade the empire.The Ottoman government forced relocation on the Armenians living near the Russian border.Armed attacks against Armenian villagers were used only to force armed resisters to obey the evacuation orders, according to the Ottoman government.
16Which country did many Armenians support during WWI? Partner questionsWhich country did many Armenians support during WWI?Which country did Armenians live in?Why would Armenian support for Russia be a problem?What was the solution to the Ottoman Empire’s fear of Armenian support for Russia?2 possible answers
18Second Armenian Massacre Example of oppression against Armenians.The Ottoman government summoned leading Armenian intellectuals to the capital, Istanbul [Taken 2], and then executed them.Many other Armenians were also executed at that time in other parts of the empire.Able-bodied Armenian men were taken from their villages and towns.Many of the men believed they were being drafted into the army to fight the war.Instead, they were executed or forced into hard labor.
19Execution of Armenians in Constantinople (Istanbul), June 1915
20Partner QuestionWhat are some examples of oppression during the Second Armenian Genocide?
21Second Armenian Massacre After many armed clashes between Ottoman government troops and Armenian villagers, the Ottoman government ordered the deportation of all Armenians living in the Turkish part of the Ottoman Empire to Syria and Mesopotamia [Iraq].It has been reported that the government troops forced the Armenians to travel to these areas by foot and refused them food or water.It was, in effect, a death march, and over a million died of starvation and disease.The small number of Armenians who survived this ordeal fled across the border into Russian territory [Soviet Union at the time]—an area that is now independent Armenia.
25Armenians burnt alive in Sheykhalan by Turkish soldiers, 1915
26Armenians todayThere were an estimated two million Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire on the eve of WWI. Approximately one and a half million Armenians perished between 1915 and Another half million found shelter abroad.Today, there are large Armenian populations living in Egypt, other parts of the Middle East, Canada, the United States, and the independent Armenian state that was once part of Russia [Soviet Union].Their parents and grandparents were the survivors of the Armenian genocide.Armenians around the world remember the Armenian dead and honor them on April 24th, Genocide Memorial Day.