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Attributing Evidence Signal Phrase IS PHRASE, CLAUSE, OR SENTENCE THAT INTRODUCES EVIDENCE (QUOTATION, PARAPHRASE, OR SUMMARY) IN AN INFORMATIVE PIECE.

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Presentation on theme: "Attributing Evidence Signal Phrase IS PHRASE, CLAUSE, OR SENTENCE THAT INTRODUCES EVIDENCE (QUOTATION, PARAPHRASE, OR SUMMARY) IN AN INFORMATIVE PIECE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Attributing Evidence Signal Phrase IS PHRASE, CLAUSE, OR SENTENCE THAT INTRODUCES EVIDENCE (QUOTATION, PARAPHRASE, OR SUMMARY) IN AN INFORMATIVE PIECE OF WRITING.QUOTATIONPARAPHRASESUMMARY

2 Learning Goal: To learn how to use signal phrases in writing 1.SWBAT define what signal phrases are? 2.SWBAT explain why signal phrases are used? 3.SWBAT show how signal phrases are added into an essay?

3 signal phrase: a phrase, clause, or sentence that introduces a quotation, paraphrase, or summaryquotationparaphrasesummary argued (argue) assert (assert) claimed (claim) commented (comment) confirmed (confirm) contended (contend) declared (declare) denied (deny) responded (respond) said (say) implied (imply) insisted (insist) observed (observe) questioned (question) inquired (inquire) wrote (write) suggested (suggest) reported (report) thought (think) illustrated (illustrate) replied (reply)

4 Sample signal phrases:  Colonel Chase observed, "The Army is....“  According to Frito-Lay research, women snack only 14 percent...  The candidate insisted that the tariff must be reduced to a "competitive basis" and taxes...  Undernourished children have long been India’s scourge--“a national shame,” in the words of its prime minister.  Richard Lanham contended that the “mice are smarter than I had ever imagined.”

5 A reminder about grammar A quotation must be made to fit the wording (syntax) and grammar of your sentence. To avoid mistakes, make sure to frequently read over what you write. Which example is correct? A. “My childhood, which was happy and carefree, but passed by too fast.” B.Brown writes, “My childhood... was happy and carefree, but passed by too fast.”

6 Review: Signal Phrases LEARNING GOALS 1.SWBAT define what signal phrases are? 2.SWBAT explain why signal phrases are used? 3.SWBAT show how signal phrases are added into an essay? ANSWERS: 1.Words, phrases, or sentences that introduce evidence to the reader 2.Help show the reader why the evidence the writer uses is important by attributing the evidence to a reliable source. 3.Fit the grammar and style of the piece writing and help make the writer’s point flow smoothly.

7 Practice: Click the link for online practice with signal phrases. URL:


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