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Teaching English to Young Learners. Use the regular curriculum as vehicle for making language activities more cognitively engaging.

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Presentation on theme: "Teaching English to Young Learners. Use the regular curriculum as vehicle for making language activities more cognitively engaging."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teaching English to Young Learners

2 Use the regular curriculum as vehicle for making language activities more cognitively engaging.

3 Provides learners with the skills and the practice needed to acquire information in the target language. Connects English language curriculum with other parts of learners’ academic lives. Integrates language development with content learning. Enriches concepts learned in other content areas with the unique experiences and insights available through language study.

4 According to Bernard Mohan (1986) : Language teaching by content teaching in which the focus is on content, and the language competences develop almost incidentally. Language Teaching with Content Teaching in where the focus is on teaching both language and content. Language Teaching for Content Teaching in which students learn the specific language needed for success in various subjects as quickly as possible.

5 1.Communicative Competence can be develop as students feel the need to exchange information with one another or with the teacher in real communicative settings. 2.Provides a meaningful context for language use, and encourages language use for interesting and engaging purposes. 3.Fills the need for “comprehensive input” as described by Krashen. 4.The language used is supported by contextual cues, often in the form of visuals or concrete objects. 5.Supports what we know about how the brain makes connections and how learning takes place. 6.Students are actively engaged in constructing meaning and making sense of the interesting world presented to them through the vehicle of English.

6 Curriculum areas such as physical education, family and customer education, health, art and music have potential for contend-related instructions. In TEYL specifically areas such as the social studies, mathematics, and science are potential for content-related instructions. These areas deal with highly experiential, often very visual learning, the use of second language in communicating the concepts can be natural and successful alternative for instructions.

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11 The content –area skills and concepts that can interrelate most effectively with the language goals. The content –area skills and concepts that can interrelate most effectively with the language goals. The language competences needed to work with the content selected.The language competences needed to work with the content selected. The cognitive skills necessary to perform the task in the lesson.The cognitive skills necessary to perform the task in the lesson. The potential for integration with language goals and culture concepts and goals.The potential for integration with language goals and culture concepts and goals.

12 Consideration #1 Curriculum ResourcesConsideration #1 Curriculum Resources The best sources are the curriculum documents for the subject areas at the primary school level. Consideration #2Consideration #2 Teach-ability through English Teacher look for concepts that lend themselves specially well to the kind of concrete, hands-on, activity-oriented teaching that is necessary in the early language classroom.

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14 Availability of Relevant Materials. Early in the planning process it is important to identify the instructional materials teacher will use. According to Echeverria and Graves (2007) the following techniques can be useful for adapting materials: 1.Using graphic depiction 2.Outlining the text 3. Rewriting the text 4.Using audiotapes 5.Providing live demonstrations 6.Use alternate books Source:http://www.texasvis.com/Indeximages /VIS-Tree.jpg

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17 TPR

18 Teachers interact with students by delivering commands, and students demonstrate comprehension through physical response. The following sequence is recommended by Betty Segal (no date) Commands involving the entire body, large motor skills. TPR Commands involving interaction with concrete materials and manipulative, beginning with classroom objects Commands relating to pictures, maps, numbers and other indirect materials. Point to your ear. Put your left hand on your head and turn three times. Take the red circle and place it in the waste basket. Go to the picture of the bathroom and (pretend to) brush your teeth

19 It is an approach to combining language with actions and story. It is based on TPR and Natural Approach. It embeds new vocabulary and structures and structures as functional chunks in a story line and provides extensive listening practice before students are expected to speak. Clearly moves from the interpersonal mode of communication into a limited experience with presentational communication, both oral and written. TPRS

20 TPRS

21 TPRS

22 TPRS

23 TPRS

24 TPRS

25 TPRS

26 Natural Approach Comprehension (preproduction) Early speech production Speech emerges Student Stage #1 a.TPR b.Description of pictures and persons. Student Stage #2 a.Yes-No questions. b.Either-or questions c.Single/two words answers. d.Open ended sentences e.Open dialogues f.Interviews Student Stage #1 a.Games and recreational activities. b.Content activities. c.Humanistic-affective activities. d.Information-problem-solving activities.

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31 Source: Our World Through English Book 3. New Edition. This book is used to teach English as Foreign Language in all public schools of Ecuador.

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33 Task 1: Predicting informationTask 1: Predicting information Teacher focuses students’ attention on the poster and asks them some question in order to conduct a brief classroom discussion (The poster is about awareness endangered birds in Ecuador).

34 Task 2: Reading and completing informationTask 2: Reading and completing information Teacher asks students to read the task instructions and check the understanding, and then, teacher divides the classroom into three groups As, Bs and Cs. As read about condors, Bs read about Yumbos, Cs read about Macaws. Teacher ensures they understand that they only have to read one text. Then, teacher gives students enough time to read silently and to complete the table. While students are working, draw a similar table on the board. Do not write the answers in the table. Do not check the task with the whole group, but help students as monitor if necessary.

35 Task: 3 SpeakingTask: 3 Speaking Ask students to read the task instructions. Check their comprehension on the topic. Then organize students into groups of three give them a passage to read. Tell them to ask each other about the birds’ passages they didn’t have the opportunity to read in order to complete the information on the table. Teacher demonstrates the task, and then, teacher asks one group to come up to the board. Encourage B and C groups to ask A group one question about condors and fill in a space in their tables on the board. Encourage A to ask B and C a question and fill in the corresponding space in his or her table on the board.Encourage A to ask B and C a question and fill in the corresponding space in his or her table on the board.

36 Guided students practice: Bring the students together in small groups.Bring the students together in small groups. Small group practice activity:Small group practice activity: In groups students will read the passage information. Next, tell them to ask each other students some questions about the bird passages they didn’t have the opportunity to read in order to complete the information in the table.

37 Evaluation : Students will be assessed in groups. They will ask and answer each other questions about the topic they have read.

38 Follow up: Encourage students from group A to ask B and C a question and fill in the corresponding space in his or her table on the board. As this class is the last class of unit six. Teacher asks students to see a YouTube video YvLD_BVJ0 and then she asks them to comment about what they have seemed in the video. Teacher encourages students to recognize the wild animals, insect, and birds that they have studied in this unit. Encourage students from group A to ask B and C a question and fill in the corresponding space in his or her table on the board. As this class is the last class of unit six. Teacher asks students to see a YouTube video YvLD_BVJ0 and then she asks them to comment about what they have seemed in the video. Teacher encourages students to recognize the wild animals, insect, and birds that they have studied in this unit. YvLD_BVJ0 YvLD_BVJ0

39 Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe


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