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Adolescents & Youth Programming in Emergencies “ EiE Harmonized Training Package.

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Presentation on theme: "Adolescents & Youth Programming in Emergencies “ EiE Harmonized Training Package."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adolescents & Youth Programming in Emergencies “ EiE Harmonized Training Package

2 Learning Objectives At the end of this session, participants will: I.Identify challenges and vulnerabilities specific to youth and adolescents in crisis situations and the ways in which they can make valuable contributions to their families, schools and communities II.Review good practices and specific recommendations for effective, quality programming for adolescents and youth III.Learn practical ways to promote meaningful participation for adolescents and youth INEE and Global Education Cluster

3 I. Identifying Adolescents & Youth INEE and Global Education Cluster Definitions vary cross-culturally depending on specific socio-cultural, institutional, economic and political factors Social norms Rituals Gender Income Marital status National laws Completion of studies Customs Cultural norms Age

4 Identifying Adolescents & Youth (cont.) …. all of which deserve adequate attention and resources in emergency response and development processes INEE and Global Education Cluster A group of ‘Young People’ between the ages of 10 and 24 years Youth-between the ages of 15 and 24 years Adolescents- between the ages of 10 and 19 years

5 Key Issues and Challenges for Young People in Crisis Contexts Young people’s transition into adulthood is when they are expected to assume new responsibilities, set goals and make decisions that will positively or negatively affect lifelong potential. Photo © Christopher Futcher INEE and Global Education Cluster

6 Key Issues and Challenges for Young People in Crisis Contexts (cont.) In emergency contexts:  Risks and the burden of adult responsibilities  Inter-generational cycle of poverty, inequity and violence  Lack of opportunity and meaningful engagement  Violence, criminal activity, or involvement with armed groups INEE and Global Education Cluster

7 The Impacts of Crisis on Adolescents & Youth Photo: USAID: Panos/Knoth INEE and Global Education Cluster

8 The Impacts of Crisis on Adolescents & Youth (cont.) During crisis contexts, adolescents and youth often face:  Forced recruitment  Trafficking  Sexual violence  Loss of educational and economic opportunities  Mass displacement, separation or orphanhood  Inadequate assistance, resources and protection INEE and Global Education Cluster

9 The Impacts of Crisis on Adolescents & Youth (cont.) Female adolescents and youth disproportionately face:  Sharp decline in school enrolment and extra-curricular activities  Economic and sexual exploitation  Gender-based violence  Others…. Photo: Save the Children INEE and Global Education Cluster

10 Why Prioritise Young People in EiE Programming? Right in principle under existing human rights treaties  The Convention on the Rights of the Child  The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women  1951 Refugee Convention  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Resources: INEE Minimum Standards Handbook, p. 6 INEE and Global Education Cluster

11 Why Prioritise Young People in EiE Programming? (cont.) Essential for development :  Consolidate global gains achieved in early and middle childhood  Disrupt intergenerational cycle of poverty, inequity and gender discrimination  Prepare young people to contend with the global challenges  Offer stability, structure, vocational training, life skills and hope for the future  Life-sustaining and Life-saving  Longer-term national and global development INEE and Global Education Cluster

12 Cultivating the Potential of Young People “Bursting with energy, curiosity and spirit that are not easily extinguished, young people have the potential to change negative societal patterns of behavior and break cycles of violence and discrimination that pass from one generation to the next.” -UNICEF Photo: UNICEF/Stevie Mann INEE and Global Education Cluster

13 Adolescents &Youth: Policy Addressing policy issues at regional, national and international levels is paramount for addressing the needs and gaps in adolescents and youth programming. Resources: Minimum Standards Handbook: Education Policy and Coordination The World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) Photo © Students Partnership Worldwide INEE and Global Education Cluster

14 II. Adolescents & Youth Programming Good Practices Formal and non-formal education approaches need to include:  Holistic  Cross-sectoral  Inclusive Photo © YEAH Uganda INEE and Global Education Cluster

15 A Holistic, Cross-sectoral, Inclusive Approach Holistic programming:  Promotes economic self-reliance  Addresses health promotion  Integrates political participation, communication and life-skills training  Encourages community engagement, social responsibility and leadership INEE and Global Education Cluster

16 A Holistic, Cross-sectoral, Inclusive Approach (cont.) Cross-sectoral programming:  Addresses issues across various sectors  Cultivates cooperative relationships with larger institutions  political  economic  social institutions Photo: Restless Development, 2011 INEE and Global Education Cluster

17 A Holistic, Cross-sectoral, Inclusive Approach (cont.) Inclusive programming:  Group-based activities that include all adolescents and youth  Community-based activities that include parents, elders and community members Resources: INEE Minimum Standards Handbook: Community Participation (Standard 1 &2) INEE Pocket Guide to Inclusive Education Photo: Panos/Huibers INEE and Global Education Cluster

18 Female Adolescents and Youth: Potential Obstacles to Full Participation  Lack of time due to domestic responsibilities  Forbidden- cultural/religious beliefs, discrimination, gender norms, poverty  Health issues- sexual or physical abuse, early pregnancy  Relevancy of programming to their needs  Need for childcare Resources: INEE Pocket Guide to Gender Photo: Sam Sherman, USAID/OFDA INEE and Global Education Cluster

19 Adolescents and Youth with Disabilities “The changes we make to education to include these learners are often very similar to the changes we need to make to ensure that everyone receives a better quality education.” Resources: INEE Pocket Guide to Supporting Learners with Disabilities Photo: Save the Children, Sri Lanka INEE and Global Education Cluster

20 III. Prioritising Adolescents & Youth Participation INEE and Global Education Cluster as Engaging young people as partners Young people as informed, capable, contributing members of society Supporting young people as leaders Effective & Relevant Programming Working with young people as beneficiaries

21 Why Involve Adolescents & Youth? Adolescents and Youth Participation:  Is a basic right  Expands capacity for valuable life skills  Improves self-confidence and self-sufficiency  Provides sense of purpose and social awareness INEE and Global Education Cluster “When Young People are supported and encouraged by caring adults, they thrive in unimaginable ways, becoming resourceful and contributing members of families and communities.” - UNICEF “When Young People are supported and encouraged by caring adults, they thrive in unimaginable ways, becoming resourceful and contributing members of families and communities.” - UNICEF

22  Develop effective partnerships  Conduct context analysis & programme assessment  Provide political, economic and social activities Practical Ways to Engage Adolescents & Youth Photo: Search for Common Ground INEE and Global Education Cluster

23 Effective Partnerships with Adolescents & Youth A true partnership integrates the perspectives and skills of adolescents and youth with the experience and wisdom of adults. Photo: Sharing the Mantle, 2009 INEE and Global Education Cluster

24 Context Analysis For effective design and implementation of adolescent and youth programming, a context analysis must be conducted, in partnership with adolescents and youth, to help identify the different needs and risk factors of young people in the target region. Resources: Minimum Standards Handbook: Analysis Photo: International Youth Foundation INEE and Global Education Cluster

25 Context Analysis (cont.) Adolescents & youth help identify:  Potential Partnerships  Priorities and cultural norms  At-risk, marginalized, and vulnerable populations  Missing opportunities and vulnerabilities  Employment opportunities Photo: Initiatives of Change Association INEE and Global Education Cluster

26 Programme Assessment An assessment of current programmes targeting adolescents and youth should be conducted, in partnership with adolescents and youth, to establish what is and is not working. INEE and Global Education Cluster Effectiveness Accessibility Community acceptance Relevancy Participation

27 Political Participation Work with young people to influence and strengthen ties with local and national governments  Collaborate and consult with young people  Train and support adolescents and youth  Set clear limits on what is appropriate and safe  Establish partnerships with local government officials  Organize workshops or community projects INEE and Global Education Cluster

28 Economic Engagement Provide young people with practical experiences to help them cultivate a livelihood and sense of purpose  Conduct market analysis  Integrate into formal and non-formal education programs  Entrepreneurial opportunities  Apprenticeships/Internship opportunities Photo: 2002 Jean Sack/Photshare INEE and Global Education Cluster

29 Social and Civic Engagement Provide constructive activities for young people  Collaborate and consult with young people  Organize community-service projects and volunteer opportunities  Involve parents, teachers and community leaders  Engage all young people  Offer a variety of activities Photo © Students Partnership Worldwide INEE and Global Education Cluster

30 Summing Up  ‘Adolescents and youth’ is an important period of transition.  In emergency contexts, this age group faces multiple risks but receives less assistance, resources and protection.  Quality education programming is a basic human right and essential to human security and development.  Approaches need to be holistic, cross-sectoral and inclusive.  Policies must address the needs of young people.  Gender and young people with disabilities must be considered throughout all stages of programming.  Programming needs to prioritize participation and promote meaningful political, economic and social engagement. INEE and Global Education Cluster

31 Please Join the INEE Adolescents & Youth Task Team To access this module or other modules within the INEE Education in Emergencies Training Package, please visit: To access tools from the INEE Minimum Standards Toolkit relating to learning activities and education for adolescents and youth, please visit: For more information on the Adolescents and Youth Task Team, please visit: INEE and Global Education Cluster


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